Pueblo V Era
|Ancient Pueblo People Eras|
|Archaic–Early Basketmaker Era
7000 – 1500 BCE
|Early Basketmaker II Era
1500 BCE – CE 50
|Late Basketmaker II Era
CE 50 – 500
|Basketmaker III Era
CE 500 – 750
|Pueblo I Era
CE 750 – 900
|Pueblo II Era
CE 900 – 1150
|Pueblo III Era
CE 1150 – 1350
|Pueblo IV Era
CE 1350 – 1600
|Pueblo V Era
CE 1600 – present
The Pueblo V Era (AD 1600 to present) is the final period of ancient pueblo culture in the American Southwest, or Oasisamerica, and includes the contemporary Pueblo peoples. From the previous Pueblo IV Era, all 19 of the Rio Grande valley pueblos remain in the contemporary era. The only remaining pueblo in Texas is Ysleta del Sur Pueblo, and the only remaining pueblos in Arizona are maintained by the Hopi Tribe. The rest of the Pueblo IV pueblos were abandoned by the 19th century.
The Pueblo V Era (Pecos Classification) is similar to the "Regressive Pueblo Period."
Considerable change occurred during the Pueblo V Era due to Spanish colonization of the Americas beginning in the 16th century and the United States westward expansion of the 19th and 20th centuries. These influences resulted in:
- Population decline due to European diseases
- Efforts to secure traditional Pueblo lands by the Europeans and other Native American tribes
- Establishment of Indian reservations
The Crow Canyon Archaeological Center notes, "Today, Pueblo people live in the modern world while maintaining their distinct culture and rich traditional heritage."
Cultural groups and periods
The cultural groups of this period include:
- Ancestral Pueblo culture (Anasazi) - southern Utah, southern Colorado, northern Arizona and northern and central New Mexico.
- Hohokam - southern Arizona.
- Mogollon - southeastern Arizona, southern New Mexico and northern Mexico.
- Patayan - western Arizona, California, and Baja California.
Notable abandoned sites
The people from the following sites abandoned their pueblos and generally blended into Puebloans societies in the Rio Grande valley of New Mexico:
- Bailey Ruin - Arizona
- Bandelier - New Mexico
- Case Grande - Arizona
- Mesa Grande - Arizona
- Pueblo Grande - Arizona
- Pecos - New Mexico, abandoned in the 19th century
- Puye Cliff Dwellings - New Mexico
Federally recognized Pueblos
- American Indian Wars in the Southwest
- Pueblo - modern and ancient pueblos
- Pueblo Revolt of 1680
- Puebloan peoples
- The two pueblos not identified in the Rio Grande valley map of the Pueblo IV Era are the Hopi Tribe of Arizona and the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas
- Pueblo Indian History Crow Canyon Archaeological Center. Retrieved 10-14-2011.
- Gibbon, Guy E.; Ames, Kenneth M. (1998) Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. pp. 14, 408. ISBN 0-8153-0725-X.
- "Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs; Notice" Federal Register 12 July 2002, Part IV, Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs