Puella Magi Madoka Magica
|Puella Magi Madoka Magica|
Cover for first DVD/BD volume of Puella Magi Madoka Magica featuring two characters, Madoka Kaname (right) and Homura Akemi (left)
(Mahō Shōjo Madoka Magika)
|Genre||Dark fantasy, Horror, Magical girl|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Akiyuki Shinbo|
|Produced by||Atsuhiro Iwakami|
|Written by||Gen Urobuchi|
|Music by||Yuki Kajiura|
|Network||MBS, TBS, CBC|
|Original run||January 7, 2011 – April 21, 2011|
|Written by||Gen Urobuchi|
|Original run||February 12, 2011 – May 30, 2011|
|Puella Magi Kazumi Magica: The Innocent Malice|
|Written by||Masaki Hiramatsu|
|Illustrated by||Takashi Tensugi|
|Magazine||Manga Time Kirara Forward|
|Original run||March 2011 – January 2013|
|Puella Magi Oriko Magica|
|Written by||Kuroe Mura|
|Original run||May 12, 2011 – June 12, 2011|
|Written by||Hajime Ninomae|
|Published by||Nitroplus Books|
|Published||August 14, 2011|
|Puella Magi Madoka Magica Portable|
|Publisher||Namco Bandai Games, Nitroplus|
|Genre||Adventure game, RPG|
|Released||March 15, 2012|
|Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Different Story|
|Written by||Gen Urobuchi|
|Original run||October 12, 2012 – November 12, 2012|
|Puella Magi Suzune Magica|
|Original run||November 12, 2013 – ongoing|
|Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Battle Pentagram|
|Publisher||Namco Bandai Games|
|Released||December 19, 2013|
Puella Magi Madoka Magica (魔法少女まどか☆マギカ Mahō Shōjo Madoka Magika?, "Magical Girl Madoka Magica") is a Japanese anime television series produced by Shaft and Aniplex. It was directed by Akiyuki Shinbo and written by Gen Urobuchi, with original character designs by Ume Aoki, character design adaptation by Takahiro Kishida, and music by Yuki Kajiura. The story follows a group of female middle school students who choose to become magical girls and must battle surreal enemies called witches. However, they consequently learn of the anguish and perils associated with their newfound roles.
The first ten episodes of the series aired in Japan on TBS and MBS between January and March 2011, while the final two episodes were delayed until April 2011 due to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. A manga adaptation of the series and various spin-off manga series have been published by Houbunsha and licensed in North America by Yen Press. A novelisation by Nitroplus was released in August 2011, and a dedicated magazine, Manga Time Kirara Magica, was launched by Houbunsha in June 2012. A video game for the PlayStation Portable was released in March 2012, with another for PlayStation Vita released in December 2013. A film series has also been produced, consisting of two films recapping the anime series, released in October 2012, and a third film featuring an original story which was released on October 26, 2013.
Puella Magi Madoka Magica has received widespread critical acclaim, with critics praising the writing and visuals of the series, as well as its deconstruction of the magical girl sub-genre. It has also been a commercial success, with each BD volume selling more than 50,000 copies. The series won several awards in Japan, such as the Television Award at the 16th Animation Kobe Awards, as well as 12 Newtype Anime Awards and the Grand Prize for animation in the 2011 Japan Media Arts awards.
In the fictional city of Mitakihara, Japan, a middle school student named Madoka Kaname and her friend Sayaka Miki encounter a small, cat-like creature named Kyubey. It offers a contract in which a girl may have any wish granted in exchange for obtaining magical powers and being tasked with fighting against witches. Meanwhile, a transfer student and magical girl named Homura Akemi tries to stop Madoka from making the contract with Kyubey at all costs. Madoka and Sayaka then meet Mami Tomoe, an upperclassman at the same school who is also a magical girl and offers to bring them along on her witch hunts so that they may learn of the responsibilities that come with being a magical girl.
As Madoka contemplates accepting the contract with Kyubey, she witnesses the death of Mami at the hands of a witch and realizes that a magical girl's life is filled with danger, anguish, and suffering. Madoka also discovers that not only do magical girls give up their souls to form their Soul Gems, the source of their magic, but when those Soul Gems become too tainted with despair, they transform into the very witches they fight against. This is exemplified when Sayaka, heavily disillusioned with the current state of the world, falls into an irrecoverable despair that turns her into a witch. It is then revealed that Kyubey's alien race is harvesting the emotions from magical girls to use as energy to counteract the spread of entropy. Madoka also learns that Homura is a magical girl from a different timeline who has repeated the same month countless times in order to try to save her from a grisly fate. After these revelations, Madoka decides to become a magical girl with the wish to stop witches before they are created. This rewrites the laws of the universe, resulting in Madoka becoming nothing more than a concept and Homura being the only one who remembers her in the new world that is formed.
While collaborating on Hidamari Sketch and Bakemonogatari, Akiyuki Shinbo expressed to Aniplex producer Atsuhiro Iwakami his desire to create a new magical girl series, thus spawning the development of Puella Magi Madoka Magica. During the early planning stage, Iwakami decided not to adapt an existing work in order to give Shinbo more freedom in his direction style. Another goal of the project was to develop an anime that could appeal to a wider audience than the usual demographic for media within the magical girl genre. Iwakami and Shinbo intended for their series to be accessible to "the general anime fan." Shinbo then contacted Gen Urobuchi to work on the project as a scriptwriter and Ume Aoki as a character designer. Takahiro Kishida was also enlisted for character design adaptation of the series.
In his role as producer, Iwakami took a mostly hands-off approach. Due to Puella Magi Madoka Magica being an original series rather than an adaptation based off an already-existing work, he described the main goal solely as "coming up with a high-quality piece of entertainment". After helping to recruit the staff, he allowed them mostly free rein in developing the actual content of the story, providing minimal guidance from himself. After viewing the character designs that Aoki created, he became fully assured that he could trust the creative talent of the team. In an interview with Anime News Network after the series finished airing in Japan, Iwakami summed up his philosophy as "I don't matter much; it's up to those talents to do their work. If something comes to a stand-still I might intervene, but they did an excellent job and I was very happy seeing the results in episode one."
During the writing planning phase, Iwakami simply requested that Urobuchi make the storyline "heavy". However, Shinbo further specified that it should contain copious amounts of blood and violence, elements that were unusual to the magical girl genre. The director also specifically sought for many of the magical girl characters to be killed throughout the series. Urobuchi admitted he had no trouble with these requirements, referencing his past reputation as a writer of very dark and somber stories, something Shinbo had not known the full extent of. One objective was for the script to starkly contrast with the way the anime was to be marketed. Shinbo planned for the series to be advertised in an innocent and pure manner that would deliberately conceal its dark undertones. For example, the title logo for the anime was rendered using rounded fonts that would appear more harmless to audiences. Urobuchi further misled fans following the development of the anime by using his Twitter account to try to convince them that the plot of the series was very innocuous. The true nature of the series was disguised because Shinbo strongly desired for its dark themes to come as a complete surprise to the viewer. Iwakami later defended the mature themes in the Puella Magi Madoka Magica, stating "the story of Madoka is serious but it's not entirely inappropriate for children. For example, there's nothing sexually explicit in it. There's some death, but it's not gratuitous; it can be explained within the context of the story."
Otherwise, Shinbo granted Urobuchi a large amount of autonomy in writing the series and determining the path of the story. In describing his interactions with Iwakami and Shinbo while collaborating on the series, Urobuchi commented that "neither one is the type to show their hand, they would always wait for me to make the next move." In his effort to create a successful deconstruction of the magical girl genre, Urobuchi studied aspects of traditional magical girl media that were "troubling or overlooked". He also stated that the development of the plot was heavily influenced by the character drawings he saw Aoki design. Other inspirations he credited for contributing to the series included horror fiction author Stephen King as well as previous projects that Shinbo directed such as Hidamari Sketch and Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha.
Urobuchi attributed his past-experience working on projects with screenwriters Ichiro Itano and Yōsuke Kuroda as a major influence in his writing for Puella Magi Madoka Magica, and has referred to both of them as his mentors. To set the initial pacing of the series, Urobuchi used a technique he credited as originally from Kuroda. The first episode would throw the viewer into a specific part of the story with unknown context, the purpose of the second episode was to then define the particular rules governing the story's setting, and the third episode was tasked with divulging the revelation in the plot that would hook the viewer. The twist in the third episode was determined during the project proposal stage and involved the death of Mami, a main character figure. This decision was controversial, and Urobuchi told of production staff members continually approaching him and asking him to reconsider due to their own fondness of the character. However, he refused and the plot remained unchanged during production. Nevertheless, Urobuchi realized that this progression could be very hard for viewers to accept and might hurt the overall series' success with some audiences, commenting: "I always thought this is an age where entertainment basically is about soothing and healing, like adopting a style where unchanging day-to-day life is to continue forever."
In an interview with Ultra Jump Egg, Urobuchi gave insight into his writing philosophy, stating that he believed the overarching plot of a story was more important than the characters within it. He indicated that he would first determine the actions and the ultimate fate of a character before even assigning it a name, and contrasted this with other writing methods which first focused on developing the characters and then creating a storyline for them to follow. He again defended his decision to have Mami die, claiming that this could actually have the converse effect of making her character even more memorable, saying "I think there are quite many characters who became immortal exactly because they died, like Caesar Zeppeli in JoJo's Bizarre Adventure or Raoh in Fist of the North Star. Precisely because of the way they died, they were able to live forever."
Urobuchi stated that Sayaka was his favorite character overall, and remarked that her plotline was the most enjoyable to write. Due to her grim fate by the end of the series, a destiny that Shinbo believed was slightly unfair, he asked Urobuchi if it was possible to change the plot so that Sayaka could be spared. Urobuchi declined, asserting that her death was too integral a part to the overarching story. Shinbo then inquired if there was any way that she could be brought back to life, admitting he had become very attached to the character. However, Urobuchi again refused, explaining that this would be impossible with regard to the already-established rules governing the story. Shinbo finally acquiesced to this, but remarked that he believed there may have been too large of a burden placed on the characters who were in essence young middle school girls.
The alien character Kyubey was also envisioned and designed by Urobuchi. As one of the primary antagonists in the series, Iwakami stated that "the mash-up of cuteness and darkness is the central theme to Madoka, and Kyubey is an epitome of that theme." A central goal in Urobuchi's writing was to highlight the moral and ethical dissonance between Kyubey and the young middle school girls, which was done through actions in the series such as Kyubey eating its own corpse in order to recycle energy. He compared the character to monsters occurring in the works of horror fiction author H. P. Lovecraft, commenting of Kyubey: "he isn't evil, it is his lack of feelings that make him scary." Urobuchi further remarked upon the moral ambiguity that the series displays in an interview with Asahi Shimbun, stating "Al-Qaeda brought down the Twin Towers due to their self-righteousness. Justice for some people is an evil for others. Good intentions, kindness, and hope will not necessarily make people happy."
Due to unforeseen scheduling problems with Shaft, production for the series was postponed for three years following the completion of its writing. However, once the issues were resolved, production began without any other complications. The animation studio spearheaded the conception and design of the witches in the series, as well as creating each one's individual backstory. Urobuchi had originally envisioned the witches to be similar to conventional monsters such as Godzilla, but upon seeing the surreal concept art for one of the main witches, Walpurgis Night, he remarked: "How can Homura possibly fight against something like this?" Designers from Shaft also added quotes from the German folklore legend Faust to the series. Throughout production, the animation production team Gekidan Inu Curry had freedom to insert into or modify details from the original script. An example is during a scene in the final episode where the team added black wings to Homura, something which was not included in Urobuchi's writing. Urobuchi praised this aspect of the production, commenting that "additions by the animation production team added more mystery and depth to [the] characters, and without them, it would have been very difficult to write any further stories in the world of the series".
Iwakami and Shinbo recruited Yuki Kajiura to compose the soundtrack for the series after Urobuchi recommended her. Shinbo had previously worked with Kajiura on Le Portrait de Petit Cossette, and Urobuchi told of the inspiration the music from that series had on him while writing parts of the script. Stating that he had long been a fan of her anime soundtracks, Urobuchi also praised Kajiura's work ethic, remarking that she would always fully familiarize herself with the plotline of the story while composing for it. Japanese pop music duo ClariS was also commissioned to perform "Connect" (コネクト Konekuto?), the opening theme of the series. Iwakami involved himself directly in the song's development to ensure that it would fit with the series, marking one of the only times that he explicitly intervened in an aspect of the production. Both "Connect" and the ending theme, "Magia" by Kalafina, were revealed in a television commercial several weeks before the series' premiere in Japan.
Broadcast and distribution
On January 7, 2011, Puella Magi Madoka Magica debuted on Mainichi Broadcasting System (MBS), Tokyo Broadcasting System (TBS), and Chubu-Nippon Broadcasting (CBC) in Japan. The first ten episodes aired weekly without interruption, and were also available for streaming on Nico Nico Douga and BIGLOBE's Anime One service. However, due to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami in March, the planned broadcasts for the last two episodes were halted. Additionally, TBS elected to cancel its scheduled airing of the 10th episode in order to provide more news coverage of the natural disaster.
Due to these delays, Urobuchi issued an apology to viewers. However, he also indicated that the postponements could be viewed in a positive light because they alleviated some of the production pressures placed on animation studio Shaft due to the tight broadcast schedule. Citing particularly challenging drawings for episodes 11 and 12, Urobuchi and Iwakami planned to have Shaft continue to improve the episodes immediately up until their new air time. Furthermore, Urobuchi remarked that if episode 11 in its current state had been aired as scheduled, the result most likely would have been disappointing. On March 23, 2011, the broadcast for the rest of the series was delayed indefinitely. However, the production team reported that they were continuing to work on the episodes and announced their intention to finish airing the series by April. Finally, on April 10, 2011, the official website for Puella Magi Madoka Magica announced that broadcasts would resume on April 21. Episodes 11 and 12 aired back-to-back on MBS to conclude the series, while TBS and CBC ran episode 10 in addition to 11 and 12.
Iwakami later commented on this unique production experience in an interview with Anime News Network. He mentioned that Shaft was always pressed for time during the production process and only just managed to complete each episode right before its air time. After the earthquake and tsunami occurred, he stated that much of the staff was rattled by the incident and because of this they were not able to work effectively on episodes 11 and 12. However, in overcoming this situation, he remarked "a week went by, and two weeks went by, and the staff started saying that they couldn't stay in shock forever, that they had to keep on going, and then production continued."
The series was released on six Blu-ray Disc (BD) and DVD volumes between April 27 and September 21, 2011, having been delayed from the original release date of March 30, 2011 due to the earthquake. Drama CDs were included with the first, third and fifth BD/DVD volumes. The sixth and final volume released on September 21, 2011 contains a director's edit of episode 12. The series began streaming on Crunchyroll on February 15, 2012, as well as Hulu and Crackle.
Aniplex of America released the series in North America, including an English dub, in three BD and DVD volumes released between February 14 and June 12, 2012, along with limited editions containing the original soundtrack CDs and special items. Manga Entertainment licensed the series in the United Kingdom and released it on BD/DVD in a complete collection on October 29, 2012. Madman Entertainment licensed the series in Australia, where it began to air on the kids channel ABC3 on June 29, 2013 following an early preview on January 6. The dubbed series began streaming on Viz Media's streaming service, Neon Alley in late 2013.
Houbunsha has published three manga series based on the franchise. A direct adaptation of the anime series, illustrated by Hanokage, was published in three tankōbon volumes, each containing four chapters, released between February 12 and May 30, 2011. The manga has been licensed in North America by Yen Press. A side story manga, Puella Magi Kazumi Magica: The Innocent Malice (魔法少女かずみ☆マギカ〜The innocent malice〜 Mahō Shōjo Kazumi Magika: The Innocent Malice?), written by Masaki Hiramatsu and illustrated by Takashi Tensugi, was serialized between the March 2011 and January 2013 issues of Manga Time Kirara Forward. A third manga, Puella Magi Oriko Magica (魔法少女おりこ☆マギカ Mahō Shōjo Oriko Magika?), written by Kuroe Mura, was released in two tankōbon volumes released on May 12, 2011 and June 12, 2011 respectively. Both Kazumi Magica and Oriko Magica have been licensed by Yen Press in North America. The first volume of Kazumi Magica was released in May 2013.
The first volume of an official anthology comic featuring guest artists was released on September 12, 2011. A dedicated monthly magazine by Houbunsha, Manga Time Kirara Magica (まんがタイムきらら☆マギカ Manga Taimu Kirara Magika?), launched on June 8, 2012 and features various manga stories, including spin-off stories of Oriko Magica. A film comic adaptation of the series titled Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Film Memories went on sale on May 26, 2012. Another manga by Hanokage, Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Different Story, was published in three tankōbon volumes between October 12 and November 12, 2012. The Different Story has been licensed by Yen Press for release in 2014. Puella Magi Suzune Magica (魔法少女すずね☆マギカ?), written and illustrated by Gan, released its first volume on November 12, 2013 before starting serialization in Manga Time Kirara Magica on November 22, 2013.
A novel adaptation of the series written by Hajime Ninomae and illustrated by Yūpon was published by Nitroplus on August 14, 2011. A pre-release was available at Comiket 80 on August 12, 2011. A book based on Gen Urobuchi's original draft treatment for the anime, titled Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Beginning Story, was released in November 2011.
A video game based on the series titled Puella Magi Madoka Magica Portable (魔法少女まどか☆マギカ ポータブル Mahō Shōjo Madoka Magika Pōtaburu?) for the PlayStation Portable was released by Namco Bandai Games on March 15, 2012. The game allows players to take many routes, changing the fate of the original storyline. Urobuchi returned as the writer with Shaft doing the animation production on the title, while Yusuke Tomizawa and Yoshinao Doi acted as producers. The game was released in two editions, a standard box including a bonus DVD, and a limited edition box containing a Madoka Figma, a bonus Blu-ray Disc, a Kyubey pouch, a 'HomuHomu' handkerchief and a special clear card.
An action game for the PlayStation Vita titled Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Battle Pentagram (魔法少女まどかマギカThe Battle Pentagram?) developed by Artdink and published by Namco Bandai Games was later released in Japan on December 19, 2013. The game featured an original story created with guidance from Urobochi in which all five magical girls team up to defeat the powerful witch, Walpurgis Night. Upon release, a limited edition version was also available that included codes for additional in-game costumes as well as merchandise such as a CD copy of the original sound track and an art book.
A free smartphone application, Mami's Heart Pounding Tiro Finale (マミのドキドキティロフィナーレ Mami no Doki Doki Tiro Fināre?) was released on October 14, 2011. A third-person shooter titled Puella Magi Madoka Magica TPS featuring Homura Akemi was released for Android devices in December 2011. A second TPS title featuring Mami was released on August 2012 and a third featuring Sayaka and Kyoko was released on October 16, 2012. A puzzle game for the iPhone titled Puella Magi Madoka Magica Puzzle of Memories was released on March 29, 2013.
Costumes from Puella Magi Madoka Magica, alongside content based on other anime and games, are available as downloadable content (DLC) for the PSP game Gods Eater Burst in Japan. Costumes and accessories are also available as DLC for Tales of Xillia 2. Costumes and accessories were made available as DLC for Phantasy Star Online 2 in October 2013.
In November 2011, it was announced in the December issue of Kadokawa Shoten's Newtype magazine that a three-part theatrical film project was in development by Shaft. The first two films, titled Beginnings (始まりの物語 Hajimari no Monogatari?) and Eternal (永遠の物語 Eien no Monogatari?), are compilations of the anime TV series featuring redone voices and some scenes with new animation. The first film, which covers the first eight episodes of the TV series, was released in theatres on October 6, 2012, while the second film, which covers the last four episodes, was released on October 13, 2012. The first two films were screened in selected locations in the United States and seven other countries between October 2012 and February 2013, as well as screened at Anime Festival Asia between November 10–11, 2012 in Singapore. The two films were released on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on July 30, 2013 in standard and collector's edition sets and is being made available for import by Aniplex of America. The third film, titled Rebellion (叛逆の物語 Hangyaku no Monogatari?), features an all-new story written by Urobuchi and acts as a sequel to the TV series. It was released to Japanese theatres on October 26, 2013. The film received a North American imported release on December 3, 2013. The first and second films were re-released with an English dub on July 15, 2014.
Puella Magi Madoka Magica has received widespread critical acclaim. In his 10 out of 10 review, UK Anime Network's Andy Hanley lauded the series for its deeply emotional content and described it as immersive and filled with grandiose visuals along with an evocative soundtrack. Additionally, he recommended that viewers watch it several times in order to fully comprehend the complex and multilayered plotline. He went on to claim that it was the greatest TV anime series of the 21st century thus far. Scott Green of Ain't It Cool News commented that the series was "hugely admirable" and he would give it the highest possible recommendation to anyone even slightly interested in anime. He also praised the animation team's attention to detail, stating that the series "would not work nearly as well if the characters in general and as magical girls specifically weren't presently so spectacularly winningly by the production." T.H.E.M. Anime reviewer Tim Jones criticized what he regarded as weak character development but nevertheless remarked that the series was "beautiful, well-written, and surprisingly dark" and gave it four out of five stars. In the review, Jones also commended the unique animation and design of the backdrops shown during witch fights, which he described as surreal and "trippy", but beautiful. In his review of the three BD volumes of the anime series, Zac Bertschy of Anime News Network characterized the story as very emotionally dark and "one of the most ambitious and beautiful anime series in recent memory." He went on to award each of the volumes A or A+ overall ratings.
The deconstruction of the popular magical girl sub-genre in Japanese anime and manga was also a point of high praise by reviewers. In its take on the series, the staff at Japanator remarked that this trope "added a level of depth and complexity to the genre that we haven’t ever seen, and I don’t think we will see again. [...] Adding on that dressing gave the show a more perverse and cruel feeling to it, making it all the more compelling to watch." Liz Ohanesian of LA Weekly attributed the genre deconstruction of Puella Magi Madoka Magica to the series' popularity with older, male audiences, an otherwise unusual demographic to the genre. Furthermore, she commented on cultural impact that the series produced, observing that in both Japan and the US there has been incredible fan captivation surrounding the series. She credited the all-star crew including writer Urobuchi, director Shinbo, and the Shaft animation studio as "hitmakers" and described the anime as "a series designed for acclaim." TechnologyTell's Jenni Lada warned that the show's external appearance belied its true "darker and more twisted" essence. She recommended viewers watch at least three episodes in order to discover the series' true nature. Production I.G's Katsuyuki Motohiro watched Puella Magi Madoka Magica after hearing opinions that it exceeded Neon Genesis Evangelion. Upon viewing the series, he was so amazed that he began analyzing Urobuchi's other works and was then motivated to request Urobuchi to write the crime thriller Psycho-Pass.
Sales and accolades
The first BD volume sold 53,000 copies in its first week, 22,000 of which were sold on its first day, breaking the record previously held by the sixth BD volume of Bakemonogatari. The second volume sold 54,000 copies, breaking its own record. Each subsequent volume has managed to sell over 50,000 copies in its first week. This was despite controversy over the pricing of the volumes which some considered to be unfairly high. The staff at Japanator stated they could not recommend that their readers buy the volumes due to the prohibitive cost. Bertschy concurred, writing that the "limited episode count and high price of entry make the show inaccessible to an audience unwilling to shell out."
The Nihon Keizai Shimbun newspaper reported that before the release of the third movie, the anime has grossed a total of 40 billion yen in the sales of related goods. A live broadcast of the entire series streamed on Nico Nico Douga on June 18, 2011 garnered around 1 million viewers, surpassing the previous record of 570,000 held by Lucky Star.
The show won the Television Award at the 16th Animation Kobe Awards, as well as 12 Newtype Anime Awards and the Grand Prize for animation in the 2011 Japan Media Arts awards. It also won three Tokyo Anime Awards in the Television Category, Best Director and Best Screenplay, and the Selection Committee Special Prize award at the 2012 Licensing of the Year awards. Madoka Magica was awarded a Seiun Award for "Best Media" at the 2012 Japan Science Fiction Convention.
- Lada, Jenni (August 26, 2011). "Important Importables: Puella Magi Madoka Magica". TechnologyTell. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "新房昭之×虚淵玄×蒼樹うめ×シャフト 1大プロジェクト始動" [Akiyuki Shinbo × Gen Urobuchi × Ume Aoki × Shaft: The Start of One Large Project]. Megami Magazine (in Japanese) (Gakken) (127): 115. October 25, 2010.
- Manry, Gia (September 7, 2011). "Interview: Atushio Iwakami". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 9, 2014.
- "Magica Anime Adds Composer Kajiura, Durarara's Kishida". Anime News Network. October 28, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- Loo, Egan (August 8, 2011). "Madoka Magica Writer Urobuchi Compares Plot to Al-Qaeda". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
- Kajita, Mafia (June 17, 2011). "鬼哭街」から「沙耶の唄」「魔法少女まどか☆マギカ」までミッチリ質問攻め！" [Very hard barrage of questions from Kikoku street, Song of Saya to Magical Girl Madoka ☆ Magika!] (in Japanese). 4Gamer.net. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- "脚本家 虚淵玄さんインタビュー ウルトラジャンプ本誌『ULTRA NEXT』増補版" [Interview with scriptwriter Gen Urobuchi - Ultra Jump 'Ultra Next' extended version] (in Japanese). Ultra Jump Egg. July 27, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Ransom, Ko (January 29, 2012). "Report: Kazuo Koike and Gen Urobuchi Chat". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Sevakis, Justin (July 27, 2012). "Gen Urobuchi Focus panel". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- Urobuchi, Gen (July 27, 2013). Nitro+ Q&A Panel. (Interview). AnimagiC 2013. Bonn, Germany.
- Lamb, Lynzee (April 6, 2012). "Gen Urobuchi, Katsushi Ota and Atsuhiro Iwakami Q&A". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "Noragaki, Puella Magi Madoka Magica Promos Streamed". Anime News Network. December 9, 2010. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- ""虚淵玄"シリーズ構成・脚本 「魔法少女まどか☆マギカ」放送開始！" ["Kyofuchigen" series composition and screenplay "Magical Girl Madoka☆Magika" starts broadcasting!] (in Japanese). Nitroplus. January 7, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- "This Week's Madoka Magica Not Aired in 'Self-Restraint' (Updated)". Anime News Network. March 16, 2011. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Madoka Magica 's Airing, Streaming Delayed 'For Now' (Updated)". Anime News Network. March 23, 2011. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica Anime to Resume April 21". Anime News Network. April 10, 2011. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Anime/Manga Releases Delayed, Cancelled After Quake". Anime News Network. March 15, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "Japanese Stores List Madoka Magica #12 Director's Edit". Anime News Network. August 16, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
- "Crunchyroll to Stream Puella Magi Madoka Magica Anime". Anime News Network. February 14, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- "Crackle, Hulu Also Stream Puella Magi Madoka Magica Anime". Anime News Network. February 15, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2012.
- "Aniplex of America Adds Madoka Magica, Blue Exorcist on Home Video". Anime News Network. July 1, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- "Aniplex USA to Dub Madoka Magica Into English". Anime News Network. July 29, 2011. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica to Get English BDs Starting February 14". Anime News Network. October 14, 2011. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
- "Puella Magi Madoka Magica and Panty and Stocking Announced by Manga". Anime News Network. March 31, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
- "U.K. Anime Industry Announcements at MCM Expo". Anime News Network. May 27, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "Manga Releasing Puella Magi Madoka Magica on BD/DVD October 22". Anime News Network. May 30, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
- "New Manga Entertainment Trailers". Anime News Network. October 3, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
- "Puella Magi Madoka Magica - I First Met Her In A Dream, Or Something...". ABC3. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
- "ABC3 TV Guide". ABC3. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
- "Viz Media Adds Gargantia, Blood Lad TV Anime". Anime News Network. July 5, 2013. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "魔法少女まどか☆マギカ×まんがタイムきららフォワード 驚愕の3大プロジェクト始動" [Puella Magi Madoka Magica × Manga Time Kirara Forward: The Start of Three Large Surprising Projects] (in Japanese). Houbunsha. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "Anime/Manga Releases Delayed After Quake: Part III". Anime News Network. March 19, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "Yen Press Adds Madoka Magica, Soul Eater Not, Yuki-chan". Anime News Network. October 14, 2011. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica Spinoff Manga Kazumi Magica Ends in Japan". Anime News Network. November 24, 2012. Retrieved November 24, 2012.
- "Yen Press Adds Madoka Magica Spinoff Manga, Last K-ON Volumes". Anime News Network. October 13, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
- "Puella Magi Kazumi Magica by Magica Quartet, story by Masaki Hiramatsu, art by Takashi Tensugi". Yen Press. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
- "魔法少女まどか☆マギカ アンソロジーコミック 第1巻" [Puella Magi Madoka Magica Anthology Comic Vol. 1] (in Japanese). Houbunsha. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Hanokage to Launch New Madoka Magica Manga". Anime News Network. June 7, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Madoka Magica Anime Gets Its Own Dedicated Magazine". Anime News Network. April 23, 2012. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
- "魔法少女まどか☆マギカ ~The different story~ (上)" [Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Different Story (1)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- "魔法少女まどか☆マギカ ~The different story~ (中)" [Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Different Story (2)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- "魔法少女まどか☆マギカ ~The different story~ (下)" [Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Different Story (3)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- "Yen Press Adds Sword Art Online, Accel World Light Novels, More Madoka Magica Manga". Anime News Network. August 23, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
- "魔法少女すずね☆マギカ (1)" [Puella Magi Suzune Magica (1)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "小説版 魔法少女まどか☆マギカ 初回限定版" [Novel Edition Puella Magi Madoka Magica Limited Edition] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "小説版 魔法少女まどか☆マギカ 初回限定版" [Novel Edition Puella Magi Madoka Magica Limited Edition] (in Japanese). Nitroplus. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica Anime's Story 'Draft #0' to Be Published". Anime News Network. October 3, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica Portable PSP Game's 3rd Promo Streamed". Anime News Network. February 24, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- "Madoka Magica Gets PSP Game with Gen Urobuchi". Anime News Network. August 9, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- "魔法少女まどか☆マギカ ポータブル | バンダイナムコゲームス公式サイト" [Puella Magi Madoka Magica Portable | Namco Bandai Games Official Site] (in Japanese). Namco Bandai Games. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
- Romano, Sal (September 19, 2013). "Madoka Magica: The Battle Pentagram dated in Japan". Gematsu. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
- "Madoka Magica Gets Vita Action Game This Winter". Anime News Network. September 11, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- Romano, Sal (September 17, 2013). "Madoka Magica: The Battle Pentagram details and screenshots". Gematsu. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- "Madoka Magica 's Mami Inspires Free Smartphone Game App". Anime News Network. October 7, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica 3rd-Person Shooter App With Homura Unveiled". Anime News Network. December 8, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
- "Mami Stars in New "Madoka Magica" Android Third-Person Shooter". Crunchyroll. August 9, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- "New Madoka Magica Android Game Stars Kyōko, Sayaka With Baseball Bat". Anime News Network. October 16, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
- "News". Shaft. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
- "God Eater Burst Adds Madoka Magica, Index Costumes". Anime News Network. July 27, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica Costumes Offered in Tales of Xillia 2". Anime News Network. September 23, 2012. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- "Phantasy Star Online 2 's Madoka Magica Costumes Revealed". Anime News Network. October 11, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- "Madoka Magica Film Project Launches". Anime News Network. November 7, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "Madoka Magica: Beginnings May Be Better Than the Series". Kotaku. October 9, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- "Madoka Magica Films Slated for October 6 & 13". Anime News Network. June 6, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "2 Madoka Magica Films to Play in 8 Global Territories in 2012". Anime News Network. September 13, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Theater Listing New Showtimes Added!". Aniplex. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "Puella Magi Madoka Magica Movie". Anime Festival Asia. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- "Aniplex USA to Release 1st 2 Madoka Magica Films in July". Anime News Network. April 10, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
- "Madoka Magica Film Project to Be Trilogy". Anime News Network. November 11, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- "2012 Madoka Magica Film's 2 Parts Titled". Anime News Network. March 31, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- "VIDEO: An Early Glimpse At "Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie Part III: Rebellion"". Crunchyroll. July 4, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- Dong, Bamboo (December 7, 2013). "Madoka Magica: Rebellion US Premiere". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "Aniplex USA Offers 1st 2 Madoka Magica Films Dubbed, Anohana Film Blu-ray/DVD". Anime News Network. May 24, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Hanley, Andy (October 22, 2012). "Anime Review: Puella Magi Madoka Magica - Complete Series Collection". UK Anime Network. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Green, Scott (July 6, 2012). "AICN Anime Goes In Depth With Top Title Puella Magi Madoka Magica". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Jones, Tim. "Puella Magi Madoka Magica". T.H.E.M. Anime. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Bertschy, Zac (January 30, 2012). "Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Limited Edition Blu-ray Volume 1". Anime News Network. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Bertschy, Zac (April 11, 2012). "Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Limited Edition Blu-Ray Vol. 2". Anime News Network. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Bertschy, Zac (June 13, 2012). "Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Vol. 3 Blu-ray". Anime News Network. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- "Japanator Recommends: Puella Magi Madoka Magica". Japanator. March 12, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Ohanesian, Liz (October 22, 2012). "How Puella Magi Madoka Magica Shatters Anime Stereotypes". LA Weekly. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- "Psycho-Pass Chief Director: Word 'Moe' Is Banned Among Staff". Anime News Network. October 11, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
- "Madoka Magica 1 Sells 53,000 as #1 TV Anime BD in 1st Week". Anime News Network. May 3, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica Tops Weekly BD Chart for 2nd Straight Time". Anime News Network. May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica 5 is 5th BD Volume to Sell 50,000+". Anime News Network. August 30, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
- "Japan's Animation Blu-ray Disc Ranking: September 19–25". Anime News Network. September 27, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica Anime Earns Over 40 Billion Yen in Goods". Anime News Network. July 9, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
- "1 Million Stream Free Madoka Magica in Japan, Taiwan". Anime News Network. June 21, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
- "Macross F, Madoka Magica, Hetalia Win Anime Kobe Award". Anime News Network. September 2, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica Wins 12 of 21 Newtype Anime Awards". Anime News Network. October 9, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2011.
- "Madoka Magica, Saturn Apartments Win Media Arts Awards". Anime News Network. December 14, 2011. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
- "Poppy Hill, Madoka Magica, Tiger & Bunny Win Tokyo Anime Fair's Awards". Anime News Network. February 16, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "One Piece, Madoka Magica Win Licensing of the Year Awards". Anime News Network. July 2, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- "Madoka Magica, Gundam: The Origin Win at Japan Sci-Fi Con". Anime News Network. July 7, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Puella Magi Madoka Magica.|
- Official website (Japanese)
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica at Aniplex (Japanese)
- Official manga website (Japanese)
- Official PSP game website (Japanese)
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Battle Pentagram official website (Japanese)
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica at Aniplex of America
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica (anime) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia