Pu'er City

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For the tea with the same name as the city, see Pu-erh tea.
Pu'er
普洱市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Pu'er City jurisdiction in Yunnan
Location of Pu'er City jurisdiction in Yunnan
Pu'er is located in Yunnan
Pu'er
Pu'er
Location of the city centre in Yunnan
Coordinates: 22°47′N 100°58′E / 22.783°N 100.967°E / 22.783; 100.967Coordinates: 22°47′N 100°58′E / 22.783°N 100.967°E / 22.783; 100.967
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
GB/T 2260 CODE[1] 530800
Admin HQ Simao
Admin units
Area
 • Total 45,385 km2 (17,523 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 1,306 m (4,285 ft)
Highest elevation 3,306 m (10,846 ft)
Lowest elevation 376 m (1,234 ft)
Population
 • Total 2,360,000
 • Density 52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 665000[3]
Area code(s) 0879[3]
Licence plate prefixes J
Website www.puershi.gov.cn
1Yunnan Statistics Bureau [2]
2Yunnan Portal [3]
Pu'er City
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 普洱
Postal Map Puerh
Second alternative Chinese name
Chinese 思茅 (1950-2007)
Postal Map Szumao (1950-2007)

Pu'er (Chinese: ) is a prefecture-level city in southern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. The name Pu'er dates back to 1729, but was changed to Simao (Chinese: 思茅; pinyin: Sīmáo) in 1950 after the Communist Revolution. In 2007, the original name of Pu'er was restored. By doing so, it has had an effect the size of the official Pu'er tea, a major regional product, production area. The urban administrative center of Pu'er is Simao District, which is also the former name of the city itself. A major downturn in the price of tea in 2007 caused severe economic distress in the area.[4] The price of Pu'er has since recovered and Pu'er tea still contributes much to the income of the area.

Geography[edit]

Pu'er is located in southern/southwestern Yunnan, on the lower reaches of the Mekong (known in Chinese as the Lancang), with the bordering prefectures being Yuxi to the northeast, Honghe to the east, Xishuangbanna to the south, Lincang to the northwest, and Dali and Chuxiong. It also shares borders with Vietnam (Điện Biên Province), Laos (Phongsaly Province), and Burma (Shan State), being the only prefecture in Yunnan to border all three countries. As with much of the province, mountainous terrain dominates its administrative area, covering 98.3%. Elevations range from 376 to 3,306 metres (1,234 to 10,846 ft).[2]

Located at an altitude of above 1,300 m (4,300 ft) and within a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer, Pu'er, as with much of southern Yunnan, has a warm humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with muddled distinction between the seasons and daytime temperatures remaining warm year-round. Highs peak in April and May before the core of the rainy season and reach a minimum in December; however, the warmest and coolest months are June and January, respectively at 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) and 12.5 °C (54.5 °F); the annual mean is 18.33 °C (65.0 °F). June thru September accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rainfall of 1,500 mm (59 in) and during this time, some rainfall occurs on most days, pushing relative humidity above 80% and there is a marked reduction in sunshine. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 24% in July to 69% in February, the city receives 2,038 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Pu'er (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
22.9
(73.2)
26.4
(79.5)
28.2
(82.8)
28.0
(82.4)
27.1
(80.8)
26.3
(79.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.1
(79)
24.6
(76.3)
21.8
(71.2)
19.6
(67.3)
24.9
(76.7)
Average low °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
7.8
(46)
10.3
(50.5)
13.7
(56.7)
17.2
(63)
19.4
(66.9)
19.4
(66.9)
19.1
(66.4)
18.2
(64.8)
16.0
(60.8)
12.2
(54)
8.2
(46.8)
14.0
(57.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 13.4
(0.528)
18.3
(0.72)
23.9
(0.941)
51.0
(2.008)
150.8
(5.937)
219.5
(8.642)
324.3
(12.768)
309.6
(12.189)
167.8
(6.606)
125.4
(4.937)
73.6
(2.898)
19.6
(0.772)
1,497.2
(58.946)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.1 4.0 4.8 10.3 17.6 22.6 25.9 24.4 19.8 15.6 9.2 5.3 163.6
 % humidity 78 71 64 67 76 84 87 87 85 84 84 82 79.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226.4 221.6 237.0 220.3 188.2 120.2 98.2 112.9 127.4 149.8 149.4 187.0 2,038.4
Percent possible sunshine 67 69 64 58 46 30 24 28 35 42 45 56 46
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map
Puer mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Simao District 思茅区 Sīmáo Qū 200,000 4,093 49
2 Ning'er Hani and Yi Autonomous County 宁洱哈尼族彝族自治县 Níng'ěr Hānízú Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 190,000 3,670 52
3 Mojiang Hani Autonomous County 墨江哈尼族自治县 Mòjiāng Hānízú Zìzhìxiàn 350,000 5,459 64
4 Jingdong Yi Autonomous County 景东彝族自治县 Jǐngdōng Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 350,000 4,532 77
5 Jinggu Dai and Yi Autonomous County 景谷傣族彝族自治县 Jǐnggǔ Dǎizú Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 290,000 7,777 37
6 Zhenyuan Yi, Hani and Lahu Autonomous County 镇沅彝族哈尼族拉祜族自治县 Zhènyuán Yízú Hānízú Lāhùzú Zìzhìxiàn 200,000 4,223 47
7 Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County 江城哈尼族彝族自治县 Jiāngchéng Hānízú Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 90,000 3,476 26
8 Menglian Dai, Lahu and Va Autonomous County 孟连傣族拉祜族佤族自治县 Mènglián Dǎizú Lāhùzú Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn 110,000 1,957 56
9 Lancang Lahu Autonomous County 澜沧拉祜族自治县 Láncāng Lāhùzú Zìzhìxiàn 470,000 8,807 53
10 Ximeng Va Autonomous County 西盟佤族自治县 Xīméng Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn 80,000 1,391 58

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjbz/xzqhdm/index.htm
  2. ^ a b "普洱城市介绍以及其后背景分析——中国天气网 最好最全面天气预报信息资讯平台" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  3. ^ a b Area Code and Postal Code in Yunnan Province
  4. ^ [1] Andrew Jacobs, "A County in China sees Its Fortune in Tea Leaves until a Bubble Bursts", International Herald Tribune, Jan. 17, 2009.

External links[edit]