Puerto Rican constitutional referendum, 1952
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A referendum on a new constitution was held in Puerto Rico on 3 March 1952. It was approved by 81.9% of voters. This was considered an affirmation of the new Constitution of the island as an Estado Libre Associado, or Commonwealth, as proposed by legislation in 1950 by the US Congress after negotiation with its political leaders. In 1980, the US Supreme Court adjudicated (Harris v. Rosario) that as a result of this referendum of 1952, the actual Territorial Status was not changed at all.
On November 1, 1950 two Puerto Rican Nationalists had attempted assassination of the United States President Harry S. Truman. They were retaliating for US cooperation in repressing revolts on the island, as well as trying to highlight the need for independence. Truman supported the plebiscite so that residents of the island could express their opinion of preferred status. An overwhelming majority approved the commonwealth.
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