Puerto Rican constitutional referendum, 1991

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A constitutional referendum was held in Puerto Rico on 8 December 1991.[1] The amendments would guarantee:

  • The inalienable right to freely and democratically determine Puerto Rico's political status.
  • The right to choose a dignified, non-colonial, non-territorial status not subordinate to plenary powers of Congress.
  • The right to vote for three alternatives.
  • The right that only results with a majority will be considered triumphant in a plebiscite.
  • The right that any status would protect Puerto Rico's culture, language and identity, and continued independent participation in international sports events.
  • The right that any status guarantees the individual's right to American citizenship.

The changes were rejected by 54.1% of voters, with a turnout of 60.7%.[2]


Choice Votes %
For 559,159 45.9
Against 660,264 54.1
Invalid/blank votes 27,240
Total 1,246,663 100
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p552 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p557