Puget Sound Regional Council
|Purpose||Transportation and urban planning, economic development, data collection and research|
|Headquarters||1011 Western Avenue, Suite 500
Seattle, WA 98104
|Puget Sound region|
|Puget Sound counties
cities, towns, ports, and tribes
transit and state agencies
|$30.4 million (two-year budget, from July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2015)|
The Puget Sound Regional Council (PSRC) is a metropolitan planning organization that develops policies and makes decisions about transportation planning, economic development, and growth management throughout the four-county Seattle metropolitan area surrounding Puget Sound. It is a forum for cities, towns, counties, transit agencies, port districts, Native American tribes, and state agencies to address regional issues.
The Puget Sound Regional Council serves the central Puget Sound region of Washington state. The region is made up of King County, Kitsap County, Pierce County, and Snohomish County, which collectively encompass 6,290 square miles (16,300 km2) and comprise 73 cities and towns. The five major cities are Seattle, Bellevue in King County, Tacoma in Pierce County, Everett in Snohomish County, and Bremerton in Kitsap County. The region's population was estimated to be over 3.8 million as of April 2014.
Early history (1956–1991)
In 1956 the four counties of the Puget Sound region established the Puget Sound Regional Planning Conference, which changed its name to the Puget Sound Governmental Conference (PSGC) in 1958. It launched the Puget Sound Regional Transportation Study (PSRTS) in 1962 with support from the Washington State Highway Commission, the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads (predecessor of the Federal Highway Administration), and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The study, completed in 1967, offered recommendations regarding transportation policy as well as land-use planning; its publication set the precedent of taking on "transportation planning duties previously done by Washington State".
Its membership continued to expand to smaller suburban cities and tribal councils. In 1973 Washington Governor Daniel J. Evans designated PGSC as an MPO for the purposes of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1973. Two years later it decided to reorganize as the Puget Sound Council of Governments (PSCOG) and continued to expand.
Puget Sound Regional Council (1991–present)
The Puget Sound Regional Council (PSRC) came into being in its current form in 1991 by an interlocal agreement and was designated an MPO by Washington Governor Booth Gardner. This occurred at the same time Congress passed the federal Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA), which allowed for a larger regional role in planning. It was the "first time" that transportation projects were selected by elected officials with significant public input.
PSRC conducts long-range planning (20‑30 years in the future) for growth management, transportation, and economic development. It also collects regional data on demographics, housing, unemployment, building permits, and traffic counts, and analyzes to inform public policy.
Securing transportation funding
PSRC President Josh Brown notes that "helping communities secure federal transportation funding" is a key priority because of its positive effects on employment growth and the economy. Indeed, PSRC maintains the regional Transportation Improvement Program (TIP), a database of nearly $12 billion in projects that are being financed between 2010 and 2013. Some examples of such projects include new bridges in Tacoma and Bothell, more efficient traffic signal timing in Redmond, and light rail construction to Northgate.
VISION 2040 is PSRC's strategy to ensure that Puget Sound region residents have a high quality of life come 2040, when the region's population is expected to reach 5 million. The document analyzes policies in response to the needs of housing, economic development, transportation, and the environment. It identifies infrastructure investments that would contribute to the region's and its residents' well-being and suggests a financing plan for the investments.
"BNSF Corridor Preservation Study"
The "BNSF Corridor Preservation Study" was prepared in 2006–2007 to evaluate the potential of an eastside rail corridor for public use by an advisory committee working with HDR Engineering, a consultancy, with grants from the Federal Transit Administration, the Federal Highway Administration, and the Washington State Department of Transportation. It recommended replacing most of the Woodinville Subdivision rail line that runs through Seattle's eastern suburbs with a bicycle and walking trail, as well as preserving freight services along the northern segment. For the longer term (10–40 years), the study recommended planning for high-capacity commuter rail.
In 2008 the Washington State Legislature requested that Sound Transit and PSRC evaluate the feasibility of commuter rail in the BNSF Woodinville Subdivision along the east side of Lake Washington. The report, prepared by Parsons Brinckerhoff, found that it would be "feasible through a variety of capital improvements to facilitate higher speeds" within the range of capital cost estimates of similar projects in the United States, "although at the high end of that range" due to the dilapidated infrastructure and the absence of safety and communications systems.
The Prosperity Partnership is a coalition of public- and private-sector organizations as well as nonprofits that is "working to promote a strong central Puget Sound economy". It was launched in November 2004 and has accrued more than 300 member organizations. Achievements include:
- Founded the Washington Clean Technology Alliance, the first trade association dedicated to clean technology in the state (2007)
- Published a report on the "size, scope, segments, and growth potential" of the region's clean tech cluster as well as its niche advantages and how to pair them with export-oriented industries (Nov. 2009)
- Founded the Washington Global Health Alliance, which markets Washington as an "epicenter of global health discovery, development, and delivery" (2007)
- Published a foreign direct investment (FDI) toolkit to aid local and state governments in attracting FDI (Jan. 2009)
- Established the International Regions Benchmarking Consortium, a gathering of "metropolitan regions that find it mutually beneficial to learn from each other" by comparing data and research findings, with financial support from Microsoft and Boeing (2008)
- Created the Washington Defense Partnership to serve as a central coordinating body for the military presence and mission in Washington as well as families, veterans, and the defense-contracting community (2009)
- Spearheaded efforts to secure a "Transportation Partnership Account" worth $8.5 billion that would target "safety, freight, efficiency, and capacity projects" (2005)
- Launched the Washington Aerospace Partnership, a "coalition of business, labor, and local government leaders working to sustain and grow aerospace industry jobs in Washington", which is home to more than 600 aerospace manufacturers that employ more than 100,000 people
The Puget Sound Regional Council is governed by elected officials from its member government agencies, who meet annually as a General Assembly to approve the budget and elect new leaders. A 32‑member Executive Board meets monthly to make decisions on behalf of the General Assembly, along with several advisory boards composed of local elected officials and representatives of business, labor, environmental, and community interests.
The federal government provides the largest portion of PSRC's funding—74% of the total annual budget. Approximately 20% comes from membership dues and the remaining 6% comes from state grants.
- Puget Sound Regional Council (2009). History of PSRC (PDF). Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Membership Directory". About PSRC. Puget Sound Regional Council. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Budget and Work Program". About PSRC. Puget Sound Regional Council. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Puget Sound Regional Council Annual Report 2012 (PDF) (Report). Puget Sound Regional Council. 7 June 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Puget Sound Regional Council. "Interlocal Agreement for Regional Planning in the Central Puget Sound Area" http://www.psrc.org/about/what/interlocal.htm
- Washington State Office of Financial Management. "April 1, 2014 Population of Cities, Towns, and Counties Used for the Allocation of Selected State Revenues" Accessed 8/21/2014 http://www.ofm.wa.gov/POP/april1/ofm_april1_population_final.pdf
- Julia Patterson; Wayne Short; Deborah Chase et al. (May 2007). BNSF Corridor Preservation Study: Final Report (PDF) (Report). Puget Sound Regional Council. pp. 63–66. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- Parsons Brinckerhoff (December 2008). BNSF Eastside Corridor Commuter Rail Feasibility Study Phase II (PDF) (Report). Puget Sound Regional Council. p. ES-3. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "About the Prosperity Partnership". Economic Development - Prosperity Partnership. Puget Sound Regional Council. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "About Us". Washington Clean Technology Alliance. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "Welcome". International Regions Benchmarking Consortium. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Indeed, total economic output resulting from the defense industry is conservatively estimated at nearly 4% of Washington State's total GDP. See following white paper for details: Bonnie Berk; Michael Hodgins; Brian Murphy; Erica Natali; Erik Rundell (September 2010). Washington State's Defense Economy: Measuring and Growing its Impact (PDF) (Report). Washington Economic Development Commission. p. ii. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- A Citizen's Guide to Washington State: 2012 Transportation Budget (PDF) (Report). Washington State Senate Transportation Committee. June 2012. p. 14. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "Aerospace". Economic Development - Aerospace. Puget Sound Regional Council. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Puget Sound Regional Council. "Bylaws of the Puget Sound Regional Council" (March 16, 2000) http://www.psrc.org/about/what/bylaws.htm
- Puget Sound Regional Council. "PSRC Biennial Budget and Work Program Fiscal Years 2008–2009" (April 5, 2007) http://www.psrc.org/about/budget/fy2008-09budget.pdf