Puigcerdà (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌputʃsərˈða], informally: [ˌputʃərˈða], locally: [ˌpujsərˈða]) is the capital of the Catalan comarca of Cerdanya, in the province of Girona, Catalonia, northern Spain, near the river Segre and the border with France (it abuts directly onto the French town of Bourg-Madame).
Puigcerdà is located near the site of a Cerretani settlement, which was incorporated into Roman territory. The Roman town was named Julia Libyca.
Puigcerdà was founded in 1178 by King Alfonso I of Aragon, Count of Barcelona. In 1178 Puigcerdà replaced Hix as the capital of Cerdanya. Hix is now a village in the commune of Bourg-Madame, in the French part of Cerdagne.
Puigcerdà was unique during the Spanish Civil War in having a democratically elected Anarchist council.
The Portet-Saint-Simon–Puigcerdà railway was opened in 1929, crossing the Pyrenees to France.
- Puigcerdà Pool
- Torre del Campanar (12th century). It is the last remain of a parish church destroyed in 1936
- Romanesque church of Sant Tomàs de Ventajola, known from 958
- Romanesque church of Sant Andreu Vilallobent, dating to the 10th century and later restored
- Convent of St. Dominic, founded in 1291 and finished in the 15th century
- Old Hospital (1190), in Romanesque-Gothic style