Puka-Puka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about Puka Puka in French Polynesia. For the coral atoll in the Cook Islands, see Pukapuka.
Puka-Puka
Puka Puka.JPG
NASA picture of Puka-Puka Atoll
Puka-Puka is located in French Polynesia
Puka-Puka
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 14°49′12″S 138°49′12″W / 14.82000°S 138.82000°W / -14.82000; -138.82000
Archipelago Tuamotus
Area 2 km2 (0.77 sq mi)  (lagoon)
5 km² (above water)
Length 6 km (3.7 mi)
Width 3.3 km (2.05 mi)
Country
Overseas collectivity  French Polynesia
Administrative subdivision Tuamotus
Commune Puka-Puka
Demographics
Population 157 (as of 2007)
View of the village on Puka-Puka
Puka Puka
Location of Puka Puka in the Tuamotu Archipelago
Location of Puka Puka in the Tuamotu Archipelago
Coordinates: 14°49′S 138°49′W / 14.82°S 138.82°W / -14.82; -138.82Coordinates: 14°49′S 138°49′W / 14.82°S 138.82°W / -14.82; -138.82
Country France
Overseas collectivity French Polynesia
Area
 • Land 5 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Population1 157
 • Population1 density 31/km2 (81/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 98737
1 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
NASA picture of Puka-Puka.

Puka-Puka is a small coral atoll in the north-eastern Tuamotu Archipelago, sometimes included as a member of the Disappointment Islands. This atoll is quite isolated, the nearest land being Fakahina, located 182 km to the southwest.

Puka-Puka Atoll has an elliptical shape. Its length is 6 km and its maximum width 3.3 km. The lagoon is filled with silt and has become very small.

The low coral islands are dry and sparsely populated. According to the 2007 census, the total population was 157. The chief town is Te One Mahina, with about 110 inhabitants.

Unlike the rest of the Tuamotus, the language of the islands, Pukapukan, is Marquesic.

History[edit]

Puka-Puka was the first of the Tuamotus sighted by the Spanish expedition of Ferdinand Magellan on 21 January 1521, and charted as San Pablo because it was discovered on the day of St. Paul's conversion. Together with Flint Island (named Tiburones) they were named Islas Infortunadas (Unfortunate Islands in Spanish)[1]

Dutch explorers Jacob le Maire and Willem Schouten arrived at Puka-Puka on April 10, 1616 during their Pacific journey. They called this atoll "Honden Eiland" ("Dog Island").

On 30 July 1947, Thor Heyerdahl and his six-man expedition aboard the raft Kon Tiki made their first sighting of land since departing Callao, Peru when they passed by Puka-Puka.

The islands were devastated by a typhoon in 1996. However, with French assistance, Te One Mahina has been rebuilt.

Puka-Puka Airport was inaugurated in 1979.

Administration[edit]

Puka-Puka is the name of the administrative commune in which it lies, of which it is the sole atoll.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maude, H.E. "Spanish discoveries in the Pacific" Journal of the Polynesian Society, Wellington, New Zealand, 1959, Volume 68, No. 4, p 291-293.

External links[edit]