Pula, Sardinia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pula
Comune
Comune di Pula
The church of Sant'Efisio in Nora
The church of Sant'Efisio in Nora
Map of comune of Pula (province of Cagliari, region Sardinia, Italy).svg
Pula is located in Sardinia
Pula
Pula
Location of Pula in Sardinia
Coordinates: 39°1′N 9°0′E / 39.017°N 9.000°E / 39.017; 9.000Coordinates: 39°1′N 9°0′E / 39.017°N 9.000°E / 39.017; 9.000
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Province of Cagliari (CA)
Frazioni S.Margherita di Pula
Area
 • Total 138.7 km2 (53.6 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (Dec. 2004)
 • Total 6,937
 • Density 50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Demonym Pulesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 09010
Dialing code 070
Website Official website

Pula (Latin: Nora[1]) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cagliari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Cagliari. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 6,937 and an area of 138.7 square kilometres (53.6 sq mi).[2]

Pula is a popular holiday resort with many famous hotels and beaches. The ruins of the ancient city of Nora are one of the most important archaeological sites of the island.

The Municipality of Pula contains the frazione (subdivision) S.Margherita di Pula.

History[edit]

Pula is located near the ancient city of Nora. Nora was built by Phoenicians around the eighth century B.C. probably from a pre-existing nuragic settlements, of which there are some testimonials, or according to the legend by the Iberians conducted in Sardinia by Norax.

During the following centuries the city was ruled by the Punics and then by the Romans who raised it for a short time in the capital of the province of Corsica et Sardinia, and then they gave the charge to the nearby Caralis (modern Cagliari). After the end of the Roman Empire, like many other ancient Sardinian coastal cities, because of the Saracen raids, the city of Nora ceased to exist from about the eighth century AD.

During the Middle Age, the area, then called Padulis de Nura (Marsh Nora), was part of the Giudicato of Cagliari and by the Aragonese and Spanish it was entrusted to various feudal lords. From the eighteenth century, there was a revival of agriculture mainly due to agricultural reclamation initially promoted by religious and then state intensified the reclamation and development of olive and fruit growing.

Main sights[edit]

City center[edit]

In Corso Vittorio Emanuele is located the Museum Patrons John, archaeological museum which houses relics from Nora. In the church of San Giovanni Battista (nineteenth century), in Piazza Giovanni XXIII, are of marble sarcophagi, one of which contains the remains of a duchess Cagliari. Not far away is the Piazza del Popolo. On the way to Nora meets the aristocratic Villa Santa Maria, designed by Gaetano Cima in the first half of the nineteenth century on the ruins of the ancient church of the same name.

Nora[edit]

See also: Nora, Italy

In the Promontory of Capo di Pula there are the ruins of the ancient city of Nora. The remains were discovered accidentally when a violent storm resumed light in one part of the funeral of Tophet. The outstanding discoveries followed one another, the most striking finding was certainly the theater, probably also for its good storage conditions. This work is currently being used for an interesting cultural event.

Not far away a single column indicates the Roman temple and adjacent to it the forum - the social and economic center of the city. Not far away is the temple dedicated to the goddess Tanit, a supposition advanced by the discovery of a stone pyramid, which would appear divinity. A very interesting building is undoubtedly the spa complex, whose ruins just give an idea of the impressiveness of the structure.

Other points of interest[edit]

Just before the site of Nora, stands the church of Sant'Efisio (twelfth century). It was built in the place where the saint was martyred. At the foot of the sanctuary lies the Guventeddu beach (from the Sardinian "Guventeddu", small convent).

A little further on is the lagoon of Nora, near which was recently founded the Center for Environmental Education, with the aquarium and a series of tanks with marine species most representative of the lagoon ecosystem . After the lagoon, still following the coast road, meet the beaches of Punta d' Agumu and Foxi 'e Sali, in correspondence of the only significant inputs.

Nearby is the large tourist village Santa Margherita di Pula, initially grew around the church dedicated to the Holy Martyr. The large pine forest has been planted in the postwar period, in conjunction with projects of agrarian transformation, and is currently controlled by the tourism sector. In the opposite coast there are the beaches of Cala d'Ostia, where stands the marina and a little further on, the beautiful Cala Verde. Most of the inputs to these beaches are located near tourist centers.

Demographics[edit]

Culture[edit]

Polaris

Education[edit]

Pula is home to Polaris, the Science and Technology Park of Sardinia,[3] a system of advanced infrastructure and services for innovation, development, research and industrialization. With more than 60 companies and research centers, Polaris is one of the largest science parks in Italy and the first in the country for the number of biotech companies established.[4]

Pula is also a centre of education with the Alberghiera School and the Wiseword English School, a Trinity Centre for international qualifications.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 48.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. ^ Il Parco tecnologico della Sardegna - Sardegna Ricerche
  4. ^ Assobiotec-Ernst & Young report "Biotechnology in Italy 2010"

External links[edit]