Pulau Pawai

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Coordinates: 1°11′10.06″N 103°43′29″E / 1.1861278°N 103.72472°E / 1.1861278; 103.72472

Pulau Pawai
Name transcription(s)
 • Chinese 巴歪岛
 • Pinyin bāwāi dǎo
 • Malay Pulau Pawai
Pulau Pawai locator map.png
Country Singapore

Pulau Pawai, also known as Alligator Island during the colonial times,[1] is a 182,000 m² island located within the Singapore Armed Forces Live Firing Area. It is located off the southwestern coast of Singapore, between Pulau Sudong to its north and Pulau Satumu to its south. It is one of the three islands owned by the Singapore Armed Forces for live firing exercises, the other two being Pulau Sudong and Pulau Senang.

Live Firing Area (Southern Islands)[edit]

Since 9 June 1989, the island together with Pulau Senang and Pulau Sudong, these three islands formed the Singapore Armed Forces southern islands military training area and live-firing zone.[2] As with all other military installations within the country, the entire live-firing zone is strictly off limits to all civilians at all times of the day and night.[3]

The island is used mainly as a practice range for live-ammunition bombing both from the air and the ground. The Republic of Singapore Air Force and Navy take turns to use it, with the Air Force practicing strafing and the Navy practicing shelling targets.[4]

Pawai's lush green and brown forests are mostly undisturbed and it has been found to have a rich biodiversity of coral reefs, especially fringing reefs.[5]

Etymology[edit]

"Pawai" means cortège (French: procession, retinue) or suite of the Raja, so presumably the retinue of the Raja stayed on this island.[6]

Panorama[edit]

The Southern Islands, Singapore. Panoramic view of Pulau Satumu (Raffles Lighthouse), Pulau Biola, Pulau Senang, Pulau Pawai and Pulau Sudong, from Pulau Semakau. (Note: This is as close as you can get to see the islands due to its military sensitivity.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islands of Singapore". Size of islands around Singapore. National Library Board. 2001. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  2. ^ Live explosive being tested on civilian structure in the Southern islands live-firing area.
  3. ^ Typical MINDEF notice during live-firing ex
  4. ^ "Islands Around Singapore". Facts & myths about islands of Singapore. Thinkquest & Oracle Corporation. 2004. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  5. ^ "Coral Reefs of Singapore". Information on Coral Reefs of Singapore. Reef Ecology Study Team, National University of Singapore. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  6. ^ "Names of Singapore islands". Etymology of Singapore Islands. Habitat News. Retrieved 2006-11-25.