Pulayar

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Pulayar
Ayyankali Statue.jpg
Total population
1,041,540
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Malayalam
Religion
Om.svg Hinduism,
Related ethnic groups
Parayar, Dalits

The Pulayar, also Pulayar, Pulaya, or Pulayas or Holeya or Cherumar, are one of the main social groups found in Kerala, Karnataka and in historical Tamil Nadu or Tamilakam.

Traditions[edit]

The spiritual life of the Pulaya includes certain ancient magic rituals and practices that have a certain reputation. Members of the mainstream community may consult Pulaya sorcerers (Manthrikavadi) in Kerala, for advice.[citation needed]

Pulayas are noted for their music, craftsmanship, and for certain dances which include Kōlam-thullal, a mask dance which is part of their exorcism rituals, as well as the Mudi-āttam or hair-dance which has its origins in a fertility ritual.[1][2][3][4]

Snake worship[edit]

Main articles: Sarpa Kavu and Snake worship

Snake worship (nagaradhana) was prevalent among many Pulaya families all over Kerala.[citation needed]

Demography[edit]

According to the 2001 Census, the Pulayan population in Kerala stands at 1,041,540 forming 3.27% of the total population of Kerala.[5]

See also[edit]

Arts of Pulayar caste:

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PRIMAL ELEMENTS:THE ORAL TRADITION". 
  2. ^ Edgar Thurston, The Tribes and Castes of Southern India (7 vols). 
  3. ^ "Early Evidence for Caste in South India, p. 467-492 in Dimensions of Social Life: Essays in honor of David G. Mandelbaum, Edited by Paul Hockings and Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, New York, Amsterdam, 1987". 
  4. ^ http://www.soas.ac.uk/research/publications/journals/ijjs/file46109.pdf
  5. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/Tables_Published/SCST/dh_sc_kerala.pdf

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