Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious II
|മലങ്കര സഭാ തേജസ് His Beatitude
Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious II
|Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church|
|Installed||30 April 1865|
|Term ended||11 July 1909|
|Predecessor||Cheppad Philipose Mar Dionysius|
|Successor||Geevarghese Mar Dionysius of Vattasseril (Dionysius VI)|
|Ordination||18 August 1853|
|Consecration||29 April 1865|
|Born||12 November 1833
|Died||11 July 1909
Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious II (Mar Dionysious V), the Malankara Metropolitan, was born into the family of Pulikkottil (Kunnamkulam), a famous and important family in the annals of the history of Malankara church. He was a courageous, popular, spiritual leader, who guided his followers through one of the most difficult times in the history of Malankara Church. He dedicated his life to the church. Gifted by his integrity, and loyalty to the church he was even prepared to lay down his life for the church and its beliefs. At a time when modern mode of transportation could not even be dreamed of, he crossed the seas, passed through dangerous and unfamiliar terrain, with toil and travail, he went up to Turkey to be ordained as a bishop by the Patriarch of Antioch.
Kunnamkulam is a city and a municipality in Thrissur district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is around 23 km from Thrissur town and 10 km from Guruvayur. The Arabians, Greeks, and Persians left their foot prints on this land years ago. The archaeologists unearthed a collection of old Roman coins which was buried around BC 123 and AD 117. These coins are exhibited at archaeological museum of Thrissur.
It is believed that Saint Thomas the disciple of Jesus Christ arrived here and a Christian congregation was formed in the first century. Now majority of the population are Syrian Christians.
Pulikkottil is a family which moved from Arthat and settled in Kunnamkulam. Tharu Kurien, a member of this family was the nephew of Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious I. Joseph (Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious II) was born as the son of Tharu Kurien and Thandamma, daughter of Paingamukku Kuthooru Geevarghese Kathanaar, on 12 November 1833.
In addition to theology and Syriac he learned Sanskrit and Hindustani at Kunnamkulam.
He received the deaconship from Cheppad Mar Dionysius on 6 October 1846 and on 18 August 1853 he was ordained as a priest by Metropolitan Yuyakim Mar Kurilos at Challiserry church.
On 29 April 1865 at Ameed (modern day Diyarbakır), Patriarch Yakoob II elevated him to the rank of Ramban.On 30 April he was consecrated as Metropolitan Joseph Mar Dionysios.
During the eventful forty-four years between 1892 A.D to 1909 he adorned the Malankara Metropolitan's position with extraordinary skill. It was during his period that the Mulanthuruthy Synod, division of dioceses and the 'Holy Mooran Koodasha' took place. Through his unstinting effort, spiritual organisations like Sunday School and Students movement, and Church institutions like Parumala Seminary, Kunnamkulam Sehiyon Bungalow, Kottapuram Seminary and Kottayam M.D. Seminary developed.
In 1901, the grand occasion of the golden jubilee of Ordination of Mar Dionysius V was celebrated like a festival in the city of Kottayam.
During his reign as Malankara Metropolitan, the prominent clergy, laymen and zealous students including members of the diaspora came together with the idea of initiating a Students' Movement of the Church by late 1907. The first annual conference of this Movement was held at Balikamadom School, Thiruvalla on 1,2 and 3 January 1908 with the blessings of Mar Dionysius V. During this conference, Rev Fr. V. J. Geevarghese Ramban (of Vattasseril) made a captivating speech on 'The Rituals in our Church'. This Movement grew in strength and stretch, expanding its reach to the students abroad with the motto Worship, Study, Service, assuming the name Mar Gregorios Orthodox Christian Student Movement (MGOCSM) commemorating St. Gregorios of Parumala as its patron saint. That is the Malankara Orthodox Syrian student movement. The true Student Movement founded by Mor Dionysius is the Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Student Movement.
After entrusting the responsibilities of his office to his successor Mar Dionysius VI, Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious II passed away on 11 July 1909. His mortal remains were interred in the northern side of the chapel in the Old Seminary (Pazhaya Seminary, known as the Orthodox Theological Seminary). The Church observes the day of his memorial on 12 July. The Episcopal Synod honoured his memory by conferring the designation "Malankara Sabha-Thejas" (Malayalam: മലങ്കര സഭാ തേജസ്, meaning 'radiance of the Church').
Cheppad Philipose Mar Dionysius
|Metropolitan of the Malankara Church
Geevarghese Mar Dionysius of Vattasseril (Dionysius VI)
Of the many biographies of Mar Dionysius V published till date, one of the most authoritative works is 'The Biography of Mar Dionysius V' written and published by Kandathil Varghese Mappillai.
- Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
- List of Catholicoi of the East and Malankara Metropolitans
- Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious I (Mar Thoma X)
For further reading
- Cherian, Dr. C.V. Orthodox Christianity in India. Academic Publishers, College Road, Kottayam. 2003.
- Rev. Dr. Joseph Cheeran, Adv. P.C. Mathew Pulikottil, K.V. Mammen. Indian Orthodox Church History and Culture. Kottackal publications, Kottayam.2002
- P.V.Mathew. Keralathile Nazranikal, (Malayalam) Vol 3. Ernakulam. 1995.
- M.P. Varkey Malankara Edavakuday Mar Dionysious Metropolitan.(Malayalam) Pub. Malayala Manorama. 1901
- http://marthoman.tv/dionysius_ii_pulikkottil/index.html – Life and works of Joseph Mar Dionysius Pulikkottil II Malankara Metropolitan
- http://www.kudassanad.com/html/spritual.html – Primates of Malankara Orthodox Church
- http://www.syrianchurch.org/PulikottilII/Pulikottil.htm – Biography of Pulikottil Thirumeni
- * http://www.aolplaza.com/mosc/MENUhtms/Orphanages.htm
- http://www.syrianchurch.org/PulikottilII/Pulikkottil.htm – Detailed biography of Pulikottil Thirumeni