Pulkovo Airport

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Pulkovo Airport
Аэропо́рт Пу́лково
Pulkovo Airport logo.jpg
LED is located in Saint Petersburg
Location of airport in Saint Petersburg
Airport type International
Owner Saint Petersburg City Administration
Operator Northern Capital Gateway
Serves Saint Petersburg, Russia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 79 ft / 24 m
Coordinates 59°48′01″N 30°15′45″E / 59.80028°N 30.26250°E / 59.80028; 30.26250
Website pulkovoairport.ru
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10R/28L 3,780 12,401 Asphalt
10L/28R 3,397 11,145 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 12,854,366
Aircraft movements 137,480
Statistics from Pulkovo Airport[1]

Pulkovo Airport (Russian: Аэропо́рт Пу́лково, Aeroport Pulkovo) (IATA: LEDICAO: ULLI) is an international airport serving Saint Petersburg, Russia. It consists of one terminal, Terminal 1 which is located 23 km (14 mi) south of the city centre.[2] The airport serves as a hub for Rossiya Airlines[3] (formerly Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise), and as focus city for Nordavia. In 2013, 12.9 million passengers traveled through Pulkovo airport, making it the 3rd busiest airport in Russia and Post-Soviet states.[2]


Originally it was named Shosseynaya Airport, by the name of a nearby railroad station. Construction began in January 1931, and was completed on June 24, 1932, with the first aircraft arriving at 17:31 that day, after a two-and-a-half hour flight from Moscow carrying passengers and mail.[4]

During the Second World War the airport was the frontline in the Nazi Siege of Leningrad. There were no flights between 1941 and 1944. The nearby Pulkovo hills were occupied by the Nazis and were used by the long-range artillery for daily bombardments of Leningrad. The airport was cleared of the Nazis in January 1944, and resumed cargo and mail flights after the runways were repaired in 1945.

In February 1948, after the damage was completely repaired, the airport resumed scheduled passenger flights. In 1949, there were scheduled flights to 15 major cities of the USSR, and 15 more short-range flights within the north-western Russia.[5]

In 1951 the airport terminal was redesigned to handle larger aircraft. In the mid-1950s the new extended runway was completed, allowing to handle larger aircraft such as Ilyushin-18 and Tupolev-104 jets.[6]

ICAO category 1 standards were implemented in 1965, making way for international operations. The airport was renamed "Pulkovo Airport" on April 24, 1973. The new Pulkovo-1 terminal was opened to handle the domestic air traffic, which increased 40%-50% every decade between the 1970s and 1990s. The old pre-war building of the airport became Pulkovo-2 terminal for international flights only.[7]

The field's IATA code of "LED" derives from the city's previous name, Leningrad.[2]


Exterior of old terminal 1

As of 2013, Pulkovo is the 3rd busiest in Russia after Moscow's Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo airports.[2] While the number of domestic and international flights increased, the number of passengers stagnated between 1990 (4,837,000) and 2006 (just over 5 million) while the share of international traffic rose. It is anticipated that by 2025 Pulkovo airport will handle 17 million passengers.

The airport has two main runways. Runway 10R/28L (Russian: 10п/28л) is 3782 m long and 60 m wide, it has asphalt surface on the base made of reinforced armored concrete. The second runway is 3410 m long and 60 m wide, it has asphalt surface on the base made of reinforced cemento-concrete. The reconstruction of the second runway began in 2007.

In the near term, Pulkovo strategically focuses on its master plan until 2025 that calls for massive modernization of the entire airport infrastructure. A new terminal will be located directly to the north of the Terminal 1 and will contain 18 gates. The construction was planned to begin in 2008 with scheduled completion in 2010/11, but construction started only in spring 2011 with opening for passengers expected in December 2013. The new Terminal 1 opened on February 14, 2014. All operations have now been consolidated into the new terminal as the old Pulkovo-1 and Pulkovo-2 terminals have been shut down.[8] The new terminal is capable of handling up to 17 million passengers annually and is easier to navigate compared to the older terminals.

In May 2008, the City of Saint Petersburg opened a 1.5 bn USD tender for a 30-year concession to operate Pulkovo Airport. Fraport has won the tender and is operating the airport.[9]

Rossiya is currently the largest carrier operating at Pulkovo.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Original international terminal at Pulkovo
The entrance to International Departures in the old international terminal at Pulkovo Airport.
Aeroflot Sukhoi Superjet 100 taxiing at Pulkovo Airport
Uzbekistan Airways Boeing 757-200 taxiing at Pulkovo Airport
Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Tupolev Tu-154M taxiing at Pulkovo Airport
Nordavia Boeing 737-500 landing at Pulkovo Airport
Izhavia Yakovlev Yak-42D at Pulkovo Airport
Rossiya Airbus A319 taxing at Pulkovo Airport.
The ceased airline AeroSvit Airbus A320 taxiing at Pulkovo Airport
NordStar Boeing 737-800 landing at Pulkovo Airport
Air France Airbus A318 taxing at Pulkovo Airport.
Transaero Airlines Boeing 737-300 taxing at Pulkovo Airport.
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens, Corfu, Heraklion, Kalamata, Kos, Rhodes,[10] Thessaloniki
Seasonal charter: Skiathos
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
operated by Donavia ,
Mineralnye Vody, Rostov-on-Don, Sochi, Krasnodar 1
operated by Rossiya
Almaty, Arkhangelsk, Baku, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bishkek, Chelyabinsk, Dubai-International, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Karlovy Vary, Karshi, Khujand, Kiev-Boryspil, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Larnaca, Milan-Malpensa, Mineralnye Vody, Minsk-National, Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Vnukovo, Munich, Murmansk, Namangan, Navoi,[11] Nice, Nukus,[11] Nizhnevartovsk, Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy, Omsk, Osh, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Perm, Petrozavodsk,[12] Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Samarkand, Sochi, Stockholm-Arlanda, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Tashkent, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tyumen, Ufa, Urgench, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan
Seasonal: Alicante, Anapa, Antalya, Barcelona, Burgas, Denpasar,[13] Eilat-Ovda, Gelendzhik, Geneva, Goa, Heraklion, Karaganda, Naples, Norilsk, Odessa, Palma de Mallorca, Pavlodar, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Pula, Rhodes, Rimini, Salzburg, Sanya, Sharm el-Sheikh, Simferopol, Sofia, Split, Taba, Tenerife-South, Tivat, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Varna, Zakynthos
Air Armenia Yerevan 1
Air Astana Almaty, Astana 1
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel 1
Air Europa Seasonal: Madrid, Tenerife-South 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta 1
Air Moldova Chișinău 1
Air One Seasonal: Catania (ends 30 September 2014), Palermo (ends 30 September 2014), Pisa (ends 30 October 2014), Venice-Marco Polo (ends 30 September 2014)[14] 1
Ak Bars Aero Astrakhan, Bugulma, Kazan, Magnitogorsk, Nizhnekamsk, Perm, Samara, Ufa 1
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
Seasonal: Milan-Malpensa
Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Tomsk[15] 1
Astra Airlines Seasonal charter: Thessaloniki 1
Avia Traffic Company Bishkek, Osh 1
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna 1
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku, Ganja 1
Belavia Minsk-National 1
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Burgas, Varna 1
Czech Airlines Karlovy Vary, Prague 1
East Air Qurghonteppa 1
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1
Ellinair Seasonal: Corfu 1
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Estonian Air Tallinn 1
operated by Flybe Nordic
Helsinki[16] 1
Gazpromavia Moscow-Vnukovo, Novy Urengoy 1
Germanwings Düsseldorf 1
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital 1
Iberia Madrid 1
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavik 1
Izhavia Izhevsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Perm 1
KLM Amsterdam 1
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 1
Kostroma Air Enterprise Kostroma 1
Livingston Seasonal: Rimini, Verona 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Mahan Air Seasonal:Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
Metrojet Seasonal: Sharm el-Sheikh 1
Mistral Air Seasonal: Verona 1
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica, Tivat 1
Moskovia Airlines Astrakhan 1
Nordavia Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Syktyvkar 1
NordStar Khujand, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Norilsk 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen 1
Nouvelair Enfidha, Monastir
Seasonal: Djerba
Orenair Orenburg
Seasonal Charter: Dresden, Alicante
Polet Airlines Belgorod, Vilnius 1
Pskovavia Apatity / Kirovsk, Kursk, Pskov, Vologda 1
Qeshm Air Seasonal: Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
RusLine Cheboksary,[17] Ivanovo, Kirov,[18] Makhachkala, Moscow-Domodedovo, Saransk, Voronezh, Volgograd, Yaroslavl
Seasonal: Anapa, Ukhta,[19] Vorkuta[20]
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets, Veliky Ustyug, Ukhta 1
Somon Air Dushanbe, Khujand 1
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zurich 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon 1
Taban Air Seasonal: Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
Tajik Air Dushanbe, Khujand, Kulob, Qurghonteppa 1
Transaero Airlines London-Heathrow (begins 29 October 2014),[21] Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Vnukovo, Pardubice, Phuket, Rome-Fiumicino, Vienna
Seasonal: Athens, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Enfidha, Larnaca, Punta Cana, Rhodes, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tivat, Varadero, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 1
Turkmenistan Airlines Aşhgabat 1
Tunisair Seasonal: Djerba, Enfidha[22] 1
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 1
Ural Airlines Ganja, Gyumri, Irkutsk, Kulob, Khabarovsk, Lankaran, Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don,[23] Vladivostok, Yakutsk, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan, Volgograd
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Burgas, Dalaman, Hurghada, Izmir, Varna
UTair Aviation Budapest, Khanty-Mansiysk, Moscow-Vnukovo, Naryan-Mar, Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhnevartovsk, Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 18 October, 2014), Tuymen 1
Uzbekistan Airways Andizhan, Bukhara, Ferghana, Karshi, Namangan, Navoi, Samarkand, Tashkent, Termez,[24] Urgench 1
Vueling Seasonal: Alicante, Barcelona, Rome-Fiumicino 1
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar,[25] Yakutsk
Seasonal: Magadan
Yamal Airlines Tyumen[26]
Seasonal: Anapa


Busiest domestic routes at Pulkovo Airport (by number of passengers) 2013[27]
Rank City Region Airports Airlines Number of passengers
1 Moscow Moscow Moscow
Moscow Oblast Moscow Oblast
Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo, Vnukovo Aeroflot, Gazpromavia, Rossiya, S7 Airlines, Transaero, UTair Aviation 2,965,331
2 Kaliningrad  Kaliningrad Oblast Khrabrovo Airport Rossiya 0287,796
3 Arkhangelsk  Arkhangelsk Oblast Talagi Airport Nordavia, Rossiya 0248,298
4 Murmansk  Murmansk Oblast Murmansk Airport Nordavia, Rossiya 0247,633
5 Sochi  Krasnodar Krai Adler-Sochi International Airport Donavia, Rossiya 0237,678
6 Yekaterinburg  Sverdlovsk Oblast Koltsovo Airport Rossiya, Ural Airlines 0181,933
7 Krasnodar  Krasnodar Krai Pashkovsky Airport Rossiya, Yakutia Airlines 0169,533
8 Novosibirsk  Novosibirsk Oblast Tolmachevo Airport Rossiya, S7 Airlines, Ural Airlines 0150,629
9 Rostov-on-Don  Rostov Oblast Rostov-on-Don Airport Donavia, Rossiya, Ural Airlines 0124,281
10 Samara  Samara Oblast Kurumoch International Airport Ak Bars Aero, Rossiya 0115,542
Busiest CIS routes at Pulkovo Airport (by number of passengers) 2013[27]
Rank City Country Airports Airlines Number of passengers
1 Kiev  Ukraine Boryspil International Airport
Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
Rossiya, Transaero, Ukraine International Airlines, UTair-Ukraine 177,838
2 Tashkent  Uzbekistan Tashkent International Airport Rossiya, Uzbekistan Airways 129,151
3 Samarkand  Uzbekistan Samarkand Airport Rossiya, Uzbekistan Airways 105,747
4 Dushanbe  Tajikistan Dushanbe International Airport Rossiya, Somon Air, Tajik Air 086,141
5 Minsk  Belarus Minsk National Airport Belavia, Rossiya 084,778
6 Simferopol  Ukraine Simferopol International Airport Air Onix, Rossiya 080,826
7 Almaty  Kazakhstan Almaty International Airport Air Astana, Rossiya 074,700
8 Baku  Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev International Airport Azerbaijan Airlines, Rossiya 061,570
9 Urgench  Uzbekistan Urgench International Airport Rossiya, Uzbekistan Airways 055,707
10 Khujand  Tajikistan Khujand Airport Nordstar Airlines, Rossiya, Somon Air, Tajik Air 043,925
Busiest international routes at Pulkovo Airport (by number of passangers) 2013[27]
Rank City Country Airports Airlines Number of passangers
1 Antalya  Turkey Antalya International Airport Rossiya, Ural Airlines 0451,046
2 Frankfurt  Germany Frankfurt Airport Lufthansa, Rossiya 0307,103
3 Hurghada  Egypt Hurghada International Airport Ural Airlines 0287,363
4 Munich  Germany Munich Airport Lufthansa, Rossiya 0235,710
5 Larnaca  Cyprus Larnaca International Airport Rossiya, Transaero 230,291
6 Paris  France Charles de Gaulle Airport Air France, Rossiya 0228,564
7 Sharm el-Sheikh  Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport Metrojet, Rossiya 0222,671
8 Berlin  Germany Berlin Tegel Airport Air Berlin, Rossiya 0186,644
9 Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai International Airport Emirates, Rossiya 0177,120
10 Prague  Czech Republic Prague Václav Havel Airport Czech Airlines, Rossiya 0143,956


Airlines Destinations
Asiana Cargo Gothenburg-Landvetter, Seoul-Incheon, Vienna

Ground transportation[edit]

  • "Marshrutka" minibuses run on several lines, some of them following the city bus routes (and using matching line numbers).
  • Pulkovo Airport is served by a regular bus line (no. 39).

For private car travel, Pulkovo Airport is accessible via the nearby Pulkovo Highway (Pulkovskoe shosse) from St. Petersburg city center. There are drop offs and pick up areas at both terminals, as well as short and long stay outdoor car parking.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • April 27, 1974, an Ilyushin Il-18V passenger aircraft of Aeroflot flying to Krasnodar crashed right after take off from Pulkovo after engine fire. All 108 passengers and 10 members of crew died.
  • June 26, 1991, an Antonov An-24 cargo aircraft of the AKF Polet company heading to Voronezh crashed in the Gulf of Finland five minutes after take off from Pulkovo. All ten people on board died.

For a more comprehensive list, see Aviation Safety Network Entry for LED.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ pulkovoairport.ru - Airport Indicators
  2. ^ a b c d pulkovoairport.ru - About the airport
  3. ^ About Us - STC Russia, Rossiya Airlines, retrieved January 2, 2009
  4. ^ pulkovoairport.ru - History of Pulkovo Airport (1930s)
  5. ^ pulkovoairport.ru - History of Pulkovo Airport (1940s)
  6. ^ pulkovoairport.ru - History of Pulkovo Airport (1950s)
  7. ^ pulkovoairport.ru - History of Pulkovo Airport (1970s)
  8. ^ pulkovoairport.ru - Information report on final moving of international flights from Pulkovo-2 to the new Terminal-1 of Pulkovo Airport
  9. ^ Centre of Asia Pacific Aviation, June 2008
  10. ^ L, J (5 November 2012). "Aegean Airlines Rolls Out Additional New Routes in S13". Routesonline / Routes. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Авиакомпания "Россия" открывает два новых направления в Узбекистане". Rossiya Airlines. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "ПЕТРОЗАВОДСК И ПИТЕР "СВЯЖУТ" ПО ВОЗДУХУ". Карельская региональная общественная организация "Информационное агентство "Карелинформ". 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  13. ^ http://www.aeroflot.ru/cms/en/flight/ways_map
  14. ^ Air One cutting from autumn 2014
  15. ^ "Рейс Томск - Санкт-Петербург авиакомпании "АЛРОСА"". ООО «Аэропорт ТОМСК». Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "FINNAIR ВНОСИТ ИЗМЕНЕНИЯ В МАРШРУТ МЕЖДУ ХЕЛЬСИНКИ И САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГОМ". ООО «АвиаПорт». 30 November 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  17. ^ "Расписание из города Чебоксары". RusLine. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Из кировского аэропорта Победилово вылетел первый рейс в Петербург". ИТАР-ТАСС. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  19. ^ "Авиакомпания "РусЛайн" с июня открывает новый маршрут Ухта – Санкт-Петербург". КомиОнлайн. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  20. ^ ""Руслайн" анонсировал прямые перелеты из Воркуты в Пулково". КомиОнлайн. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  21. ^ Астапкович, Владимир (25 July 2014). ""Трансаэро" запустит прямые регулярные рейсы между Петербургом и Лондоном с 29 октября". itar-tass.com/. ITAR-TASS News Agency. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  22. ^ "Санкт-Петербург заключил договор с авиакомпанией "Tunis Air" на регулярные рейсы". Новости. Администрация Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  23. ^ ""Уральские авиалинии" открывают новый рейс Ростов-Санкт-Петербург". Ural Airlines. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  24. ^ L, J (28 May 2014). "Uzbekistan Airways Plans New Service to Russia in S14". Airline Route. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  25. ^ "НОВЫЙ РЕЙС КРАСНОДАР – САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГ". Новости. JSC Aircompany Yakutia. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  26. ^ "Новый маршрут авиакомпании "Ямал"". Yamal Airlines. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  27. ^ a b c "Airport Indicators". MOST POPULAR DESTINATIONS. Northern Capital Gateway LLC. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°48′01″N 30°15′45″E / 59.80028°N 30.26250°E / 59.80028; 30.26250