|IATA: LED – ICAO: ULLI
|Owner||Saint Petersburg City Administration|
|Operator||Northern Capital Gateway|
|Serves||Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|Elevation AMSL||79 ft / 24 m|
|Statistics from Pulkovo Airport|
Pulkovo Airport (Russian: Аэропо́рт Пу́лково, Aeroport Pulkovo) (IATA: LED, ICAO: ULLI) is an international airport serving Saint Petersburg, Russia. It consists of one terminal, Terminal 1 which is located 23 km (14 mi) south of the city centre. The airport serves as a hub for Rossiya Airlines (formerly Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise), and as focus city for Nordavia. In 2013, 12.9 million passengers traveled through Pulkovo airport, making it the 3rd busiest airport in Russia and Post-Soviet states.
Originally it was named Shosseynaya Airport, by the name of a nearby railroad station. Construction began in January 1931, and was completed on June 24, 1932, with the first aircraft arriving at 17:31 that day, after a two-and-a-half hour flight from Moscow carrying passengers and mail.
During the Second World War the airport was the frontline in the Nazi Siege of Leningrad. There were no flights between 1941 and 1944. The nearby Pulkovo hills were occupied by the Nazis and were used by the long-range artillery for daily bombardments of Leningrad. The airport was cleared of the Nazis in January 1944, and resumed cargo and mail flights after the runways were repaired in 1945.
In February 1948, after the damage was completely repaired, the airport resumed scheduled passenger flights. In 1949, there were scheduled flights to 15 major cities of the USSR, and 15 more short-range flights within the north-western Russia.
In 1951 the airport terminal was redesigned to handle larger aircraft. In the mid-1950s the new extended runway was completed, allowing to handle larger aircraft such as Ilyushin-18 and Tupolev-104 jets.
ICAO category 1 standards were implemented in 1965, making way for international operations. The airport was renamed "Pulkovo Airport" on April 24, 1973. The new Pulkovo-1 terminal was opened to handle the domestic air traffic, which increased 40%-50% every decade between the 1970s and 1990s. The old pre-war building of the airport became Pulkovo-2 terminal for international flights only.
As of 2013, Pulkovo is the 3rd busiest in Russia after Moscow's Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo airports. While the number of domestic and international flights increased, the number of passengers stagnated between 1990 (4,837,000) and 2006 (just over 5 million) while the share of international traffic rose. It is anticipated that by 2025 Pulkovo airport will handle 17 million passengers.
The airport has two main runways. Runway 10R/28L (Russian: 10п/28л) is 3782 m long and 60 m wide, it has asphalt surface on the base made of reinforced armored concrete. The second runway is 3410 m long and 60 m wide, it has asphalt surface on the base made of reinforced cemento-concrete. The reconstruction of the second runway began in 2007.
In the near term, Pulkovo strategically focuses on its master plan until 2025 that calls for massive modernization of the entire airport infrastructure. A new terminal will be located directly to the north of the Terminal 1 and will contain 18 gates. The construction was planned to begin in 2008 with scheduled completion in 2010/11, but construction started only in spring 2011 with opening for passengers expected in December 2013. The new Terminal 1 opened on February 14, 2014. All operations have now been consolidated into the new terminal as the old Pulkovo-1 and Pulkovo-2 terminals have been shut down. The new terminal is capable of handling up to 17 million passengers annually and is easier to navigate compared to the older terminals.
Airlines and destinations
|Rank||City||Country||Airports||Airlines||Number of passangers|
|1||Antalya||Turkey||Antalya International Airport||Rossiya, Ural Airlines||451,046|
|2||Frankfurt||Germany||Frankfurt Airport||Lufthansa, Rossiya||307,103|
|3||Hurghada||Egypt||Hurghada International Airport||Ural Airlines||287,363|
|4||Munich||Germany||Munich Airport||Lufthansa, Rossiya||235,710|
|5||Larnaca||Cyprus||Larnaca International Airport||Rossiya, Transaero||230,291|
|6||Paris||France||Charles de Gaulle Airport||Air France, Rossiya||228,564|
|7||Sharm el-Sheikh||Egypt||Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport||Metrojet, Rossiya||222,671|
|8||Berlin||Germany||Berlin Tegel Airport||Air Berlin, Rossiya||186,644|
|9||Dubai||United Arab Emirates||Dubai International Airport||Emirates, Rossiya||177,120|
|10||Prague||Czech Republic||Prague Václav Havel Airport||Czech Airlines, Rossiya||143,956|
|Asiana Cargo||Gothenburg-Landvetter, Seoul-Incheon, Vienna|
- "Marshrutka" minibuses run on several lines, some of them following the city bus routes (and using matching line numbers).
- Pulkovo Airport is served by two regular bus lines (no. 13 and 39).
For private car travel, Pulkovo Airport is accessible via the nearby Pulkovo Highway (Pulkovskoe shosse) from St. Petersburg city center. There are drop offs and pick up areas at both terminals, as well as short and long stay outdoor car parking.
Accidents and incidents
- April 27, 1974, an Ilyushin Il-18V passenger aircraft of Aeroflot flying to Krasnodar crashed right after take off from Pulkovo after engine fire. All 108 passengers and 10 members of crew died.
- June 26, 1991, an Antonov An-24 cargo aircraft of the AKF Polet company heading to Voronezh crashed in the Gulf of Finland five minutes after take off from Pulkovo. All ten people on board died.
- August 22, 2006, a Tupolev Tu-154M passenger flight of Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise from Anapa to Pulkovo crashed in Ukraine. All 160 passengers and 10 members of crew died. See Pulkovo Airlines Flight 612.
For a more comprehensive list, see Aviation Safety Network Entry for LED.
- List of the busiest airports in Russia
- List of the busiest airports in the former USSR
- List of the busiest airports in Europe
- pulkovoairport.ru - Airport Indicators
- pulkovoairport.ru - About the airport
- About Us - STC Russia, Rossiya Airlines, retrieved January 2, 2009
- pulkovoairport.ru - History of Pulkovo Airport (1930s)
- pulkovoairport.ru - History of Pulkovo Airport (1940s)
- pulkovoairport.ru - History of Pulkovo Airport (1950s)
- pulkovoairport.ru - History of Pulkovo Airport (1970s)
- pulkovoairport.ru - Information report on final moving of international flights from Pulkovo-2 to the new Terminal-1 of Pulkovo Airport
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- "Airport Indicators". MOST POPULAR DESTINATIONS. Northern Capital Gateway LLC. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- Official site (English) (Russian)
- Rossiya Airlines (English) (Russian)
- Current weather for ULLI at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for LED at Aviation Safety Network