Pullen Park

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Pullen Park
Pullen Park entrance 2011.jpg
Pullen Park entrance
Location Raleigh, NC
Coordinates 35°46′49″N 78°39′50″W / 35.78036°N 78.66383°W / 35.78036; -78.66383Coordinates: 35°46′49″N 78°39′50″W / 35.78036°N 78.66383°W / 35.78036; -78.66383
Owner City of Raleigh
Opened March 22, 1887
Website Official website

Pullen Park is a 66.33 acres (26.8 ha)[1] public park in Raleigh, North Carolina west of downtown, adjacent to the campus of North Carolina State University, between Western Boulevard and Hillsborough Street. The park features picnic areas, a concessions stand along with several small rides including the Pullen Park Carousel, train, and kiddie boats. Pedal boats are also available for rent seasonally on the park's large pond. The Pullen Aquatic Center, Pullen Arts Center and Theatre In the Park are also located on the park grounds. It is one of the most famous and known parks around the Raleigh/Durham area.

paddle boats
Pullen Park lake

History[edit]

Pullen Park was founded on March 22, 1887 when Richard Stanhope Pullen donated farmland to the City of Raleigh expressly to be used as a space for recreational enjoyment of citizens and visitors to Raleigh, NC. This land became Pullen Park, the first public park in North Carolina, although its founder, always shying from thanks and publicity, opposed giving it his name. A "Committee on Public Parks" was formed to oversee the transformation from farm land to landscaped park and a Park Keeper was hired in 1888 to oversee these modifications. Pullen continued his own involvement by taking part in the planning and financing of bridges, roads and paths throughout the park as well as the planting of trees and general landscaping in the park and the neighboring NC State University which was built on land also donated by him. Pullen's landscape architecture design was in keeping with the times. He also financed a round pavilion for outdoor entertainment and a fountain, located near the city's first swimming pool (for men only) in 1891. A congressman from another county donated fifty Japanese carp for the fountain which shows the significance of the park even outside of Raleigh. In 1895 modifications to the structure and use of the pool allowed for female usage. The pool remained in the same place until it was replaced by the Pullen Aquatic Center in 1992 (see: Aquatic Center).

In addition to many of the existing rides there was also a small zoo on site from 1899 to 1938 and a steam-powered carousel which was replaced by the current carousel in 1921. The zoo was created following a national trend to incorporate zoological parks in public parks which began in the latter quarter of the nineteenth century. Beginning with only two raccoons, the collection soon grew in size and variety and by 1903 included an Australian owl, mink, bears, alligators and monkeys and many others. The zoo eventually closed, most likely due to the death of the Park Keeper, Wiley Howell, who had kept it going.

The merry-go-round was purchased for $350 in 1914 from the W.D. Chase Bottling Works of Galesburg, Illinois. It began operating in 1915 but apparently it was in poor condition because the city decided to purchase a Dentzel carousel only five years later. (see: Carousel)

Although baseball was unofficially played in Pullen Park for many years – perhaps even before the land became a park - the officially sanctioned field was not created until the unofficial field was renovated in 1920. A second field was added later.

In 2000 the city began making plans to update the park to accommodate the growing Raleigh population and later invited the citizens to take part in the plans. Over the past several years many changes have been made, including the removal of the iconic 'Swiss cheese' play structure and other playground equipment. More notable, however, is the new entrance and additional parking that makes the park more accessible to more people.[2]

Although Jim Crow laws prohibited blacks from using some of the park facilities (e.g. the swimming pool), the main park areas were open to all and Raleigh community blacks were not denied access to these areas. According to the census of the National Amusement Park Historical Association, Pullen Park is the 14th oldest amusement park in the world.[citation needed]

The park was closed from December 14, 2009 to November 18, 2011 [3] for extensive renovations including a new, climate-controlled carousel house, welcome center, concessions building, restroom, and train station. Site improvements to the Center include a new entrance, event spaces, playground, underground utilities and picnic shelters. Additionally Lake Howell was drained and dredged for regular lake maintenance and to allow for updates including a new apron and installation of a geothermal energy system.[citation needed]

Founder[edit]

Richard Stanhope Pullen was born on September 18, 1822 to Turner and Elizabeth Smith Pullen on the small family plantation in Wake County, NC. Little is known about his early life and education and even in his later life he shied from press and recognition. However, it is known that as a young man he began working for his uncle, Richard Smith, in Raleigh. Eventually he inherited quite a large sum of money from his uncle and began embarking on developing Raleigh through business endeavors as well as philanthropic projects. His land and monetary donations contributed to the development of city roads, and what later became Peace College, UNC Greensboro, NC State University, Edenton Street United Methodist Church and, of course, Pullen Park. Pullen remained actively involved in planning and funding improvements to the park until his death in 1895. No monument or plaque was erected on park ground commemorating his contributions until 1992, as the city feared that this use would violate the clause that stipulated that the land must be used for recreational purposes. The most recognizable monument to Richard Stanhope Pullen for Raleigh residents is the obelisk on the Pullen family plot in Raleigh's Oakwood Cemetery.[4]

Attractions[edit]

In addition to several swing sets, sand areas and other various playground equipment for children of all ages, the park also contains lighted tennis courts, two ball fields, a lake with paddle boats, covered and uncovered picnic areas, many picturesque paths and bridges, an adjacent Aquatic Center as well as the adjacent Pullen Arts Center and Theatre In the Park.

The Aquatic Center and the Arts Center both offer classes to all ages in fitness, swimming and art (pottery, jewelry making, weaving, glass art, etc.) and plays are performed on a regular basis in the internationally acclaimed Theatre In the Park.

Aquatic Center[edit]

Pullen Aquatic Center, completed in 1992, is one of three city-run, public year round aquatic centers. It contains an Olympic size swimming pool, a warm water therapy pool, a mezzanine with spectator seating, an outdoor patio, and locker room facilities and is open for swimming laps as well as recreational swimming. Services offered at Pullen Aquatic Center include water exercise programs, aquatic therapy programs, a city swim league, and American Red Cross Learn-to-Swim lessons, lifeguard training, and instructor-level classes.

It is also used for several local, state, and regional swimming and diving competitions each year, including the Special Olympics of North Carolina Summer Games which is held every May/June. The Aquatic Center is located on Ashe Avenue adjacent to Pullen Park.

Pullen Arts Center[edit]

Pullen Arts Center offers classes in pottery, jewelry-making, painting, printmaking, weaving, and glass arts. The center has extensive studios and equipment, as well as instructors and knowledgeable staff to help both the artist and the novice. The Arts Center also hosts a summer camp program called Art4Fun for children and special events and gallery exhibits are held throughout the year.

Theatre In The Park[edit]

Theatre In The Park was originally chartered in 1947. The name was changed in the early 1970s. This air conditioned indoor theatre facility, located in the northern end of the park, includes a beautiful Season Member Lounge, administrative offices, costume shop, technical workshop, dressing rooms, lobby and totally flexible (black box) performance space. Year-round programming includes no less than four mainstage productions, classes, workshops and independent productions. TIP is internationally acclaimed and well known locally for Ira David Wood III's musical comedy adaption of A Christmas Carol which has been ongoing since 1974.

Andy Griffith/Mayberry Statue[edit]

Although monuments and statues have traditionally been avoided due to the clause that stipulates that the land must only be used for recreational purposes,[citation needed] in 2003,[citation needed] the cable television network TV Land permanently loaned a statue of Andy and Opie Taylor depicting a well known scene from The Andy Griffith Show. The addition of this statue was controversial, as citizens of Mount Airy, North Carolina, which the fictional town of Mayberry was ostensibly based on, believed that the statue should be in their town as opposed to Raleigh. The statue has been vandalized several times and its plaque stolen. The statue was slightly redesigned to prevent further damage.[5]

Caboose[edit]

A real Norfolk Southern Railway 380 bay window caboose with a Southern Railway paint scheme to explore.[6]

Red Caboose

Rides[edit]

The park features 4 rides with a nominal charge for each. Tickets are purchased from the office near the park entrance. Adults are welcome on all rides with the exception of the kiddie boats which are intended for small children and circle in a small pool. Pedal boats are available for rental by the half hour. There must be one person aged 16 or older and boats can accommodate up to four people.

Carousel house after 2011 renovations

A miniature train, added to the park in 1950, goes through a tunnel and around the park. The tunnel and a second train were added in 1971. The C.P. Huntington Train is a one-third sized operational miniature train has thrilled children of all ages since it was added to the park in the 1950s. The engine is a near exact replica of a locomotive that was built in 1863 at the Danforth-Cook Locomotive works in Paterson, New Jersey which eventually found its way to San Francisco (by way of Cape Horn) when it was purchased by Central Pacific Railroad where C.P. Huntington was then Vice President. On April 9, 1864 it was christened the C.P. Huntington C.P. #3 after its first run. It was slated to be destroyed in 1914 but was saved, restored and renamed and now resides in Sacramento, CA.

Carousel animals

The Pullen Park Carousel was made circa 1900 by master carver Salvatore Cernigliaro of the Dentzel Carousel Company of Germantown, Pennsylvania. It contains 52 hand-carved basswood animals, 2 chariots (or sleighs), 18 large gilded mirrors and 18 canvas panels and a Wurlitzer 125 organ made in 1924 by the Rudolph Wurlitzer Company of North Tonawanda, New York. The Dentzel Carousel Company was the first American carousel company and while thousands of carousels were made in the U.S., there are only approximately 200 antique carousels left today and fewer than 25 of those are Dentzel carousels and only 14 of those remain in operation. Unfortunately, the carousel is often closed for repairs but it is a small price to pay to continue to be able to enjoy this beautiful antique ride when it is in good working condition. Many generations of park visitors have enjoyed riding a giraffe a pony or an ostrich and continue to pass the tradition along to their own children. It is considered to be the park's most popular attraction.

This particular carousel was originally located in Bloomsbury Park (also in Raleigh near what is now known as Five Points) and was moved to Pullen Park in 1921 when the City Board voted to replace the steam powered antique merry go round. Bloomsbury Park, an amusement park founded by Carolina Power & Light (CP&L), was apparently in financial trouble and Pullen Park was able to acquire the carousel for $1,425 - one tenth its original cost. This expenditure angered many Raleigh residents, but they soon acquiesced after it began running.

Carousel Wurlitzer

The carousel underwent restoration from 1977 to 1982 during which time the original factory paint was uncovered, documented and conserved. It was the first time such an attempt had been made. Each hard carved animal was restored to its exact Munsell Color System paint color preserving the original paint underneath a layer of shellac while enabling the animals to look just as they were originally painted (#sign). In 1976 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places and it is also a designated Raleigh Historic Landmark.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pullen Park". City of Raleigh. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Hall, Sarah Lindenfeld (2001-05-30). "Everybody's day in the park / Public invited to comment on plans for Pullen". The News & Observer (The McClatchy Company). 
  3. ^ Hui, T. Keung (November 19, 2011). "Pullen Park reopens for a new generation". Raleigh News & Observer. Retrieved November 20, 2011. 
  4. ^ Dean, W. Carson (April 1998). "Richard Stanhope Pullen and Raleigh’s First Public Park, 1887-1920". North Carolina Historical Review (Raleigh: North Carolina Office of Archives and History) 75 (2). 
  5. ^ "Plaque Stolen From Raleigh Statue Honoring 'The Andy Griffith Show'". WRAL. 
  6. ^ "Norfolk Southern Railway Company Historical Society". Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  7. ^ Moran, Clarice (2002-03-29). "Park jewel set for polish". The News & Observer (The McClatchy Company). 
  8. ^ National Register of Historical Places - NORTH CAROLINA (NC), Wake County

External links[edit]