Pullman District

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Pullman Historic District
Pullman Chicago Clock Tower.jpg
Pullman District is located in Illinois
Pullman District
Location Chicago, IL
Coordinates 41°41′50″N 87°36′34″W / 41.69722°N 87.60944°W / 41.69722; -87.60944Coordinates: 41°41′50″N 87°36′34″W / 41.69722°N 87.60944°W / 41.69722; -87.60944
Built 1880
Architect Barrett,Nathan F.; Beman,Solon Spencer
Architectural style Queen Anne, Gothic Revival
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 69000054 [1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 08, 1969 [1]
Designated NHLD December 30, 1970[2]
Designated CL October 16, 1972

The Pullman District, as it has been designated on the list of Chicago Landmarks, or Pullman Historic District, as it has been designated on the National Register of Historic Places, was the first model, planned industrial community in the United States.[3] The district is significant for its historical origins in the Pullman Company, one of the most famous company towns in the United States, and scene of the violent 1894 Pullman strike. It was built for George Pullman in an area that was then beyond the City of Chicago, Illinois city limits as a place to produce the famous Pullman sleeping car.

The district includes the Pullman factory and the Hotel Florence, named after his daughter; the hotel is currently owned by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.[4] The area is east of Cottage Grove Avenue, from East 103rd St. to East 115th St.[5] It is located in what is now the Pullman community area of Chicago. It was named a Chicago Landmark district on October 16, 1972.[3] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 8, 1969 and declared a National Historic Landmark on December 30, 1970.[2]

Preservationists had hoped to extend the district to include Schlitz Row, but the taverns located there have been demolished.[6] The district is currently under consideration for inclusion in the National Park System.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Pullman Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  3. ^ a b "Pullman District". City of Chicago Department of Planning and Development, Landmarks Division. 2003. Retrieved 2007-05-11. 
  4. ^ "The Town - Hotel Florence". PullmanIL.org. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  5. ^ Charles W. Snell (February 24, 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Pullman Historic District" (pdf). National Park Service. . Accompanying photos from 1970 and historic images. PDF (6.54 MB)
  6. ^ Reardon, Patrick T. and Blair Kamin (2003-01-14). "The city that wrecks - Developers and the city continue to raze potential landmarks with assembly-line efficiency. A proposed amendment may slow the process, but won't stop it". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  7. ^ http://www.pullmanil.org/FINAL_Pullman%20Historic%20District%20Reconnaissance%20Survey_July%202013%20Small.pdf

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