Pulmonary thrombectomy

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Large saddle thromboembolus in the pulmonary arteries

In thoracic surgery, a pulmonary thrombectomy, is an emergency procedure that removes clotted blood (thrombus) from the pulmonary arteries.

Mechanical thrombectomies can be surgical (surgical thrombectomy) or percutaneous (percutaneous thrombectomy).[1]

Surgical thrombectomies were once popular but were abandoned because of poor long-term outcomes. Recently, in selected patients, they have gone through a resurgence with the revision of the surgical technique.[2]

Relation to PTE[edit]

Pulmonary thrombectomies and pulmonary thromboendarterectomies (PTEs) are both operations that remove thrombus. Aside from this similarity they differ in many ways.

  • PTEs are done non-emergently whilst pulmonary thrombectomies are typically done as an emergency procedure.
  • PTEs typically are done using hypothermia and full cardiac arrest.
  • PTEs are done for chronic pulmonary embolism, thrombectomies for severe acute pulmonary embolism.
  • PTEs are generally considered a very effective treatment, surgical thrombectomies are an area of some controversy and their effectiveness a matter of some debate in the medical community.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Casazza F, Roncon L, Greco F. Pulmonary embolism: treatment of the acute episode. Ital Heart J. 2005 Oct;6(10):818-23. PMID 16270473.
  2. ^ Augustinos P, Ouriel K. Invasive approaches to treatment of venous thromboembolism. Circulation. 2004 Aug 31;110(9 Suppl 1):I27-34. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000140900.64198.f4 PMID 15339878. Free Full Text.