Pulsatilla patens

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Pulsatilla patens
Pulsatilla P0001.jpg
Plant flowering in Boulder, CO
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Pulsatilla
Species: P. patens
Binomial name
Pulsatilla patens
(L.) Mill.
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Anemone ludoviciana Nutt., nom. illeg.
  • Anemone multifida (Pritz.) Zämelis, non Poir.
  • Anemone nuttalliana DC.
  • Pulsatilla hirsutissima (Pursh) Britton
  • Pulsatilla ludoviciana A. Heller, nom. illeg.
  • Pulsatilla nuttalliana (DC.) Spreng.

Pulsatilla patens is a species of flowering plant in the family Ranunculaceae, native to Europe, Russia, Mongolia, China, Canada and the United States. Common names include Eastern pasqueflower, prairie smoke, prairie crocus, and cutleaf anemone.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Pulsatilla patens is often placed in the genus Anemone, as Anemone patens L..[3]

Cultural associations[edit]

Pulsatilla patens is the provincial flower of Manitoba, Canada[4] and (as P. hirsutissima) is the state flower of South Dakota, United States.[5]

Declining population noted[edit]

Advocates report that the population of Pulsatilla patens is declining, due to the synergy between the prairie crocus and shortgrass prairie ecosystems. Plowing up the prairie causes the crocus to disappear.[6]

Subdivisions[edit]

Young leaves

Two subspecies have been distinguished:[1][2]

  • Pulsatilla patens subsp. patens
  • Pulsatilla patens subsp. multifida (Pritz.) Zämelis -- cutleaf anemone

References[edit]

View from above of flowering plant in Belarus
  1. ^ a b Pulsatilla patens USDA PLANTS database
  2. ^ a b Pulsatilla patens subsp. multifida USDA PLANTS database
  3. ^ a b USDA GRIN entry for Anemone patens
  4. ^ Government of Manitoba. "Symbols of Manitoba". Archived from the original on 2005-12-10. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  5. ^ Chapter 1 2005 South Dakota Legislative Manual The Mount Rushmore State
  6. ^ "Johnny Caryopsis". "Our Prairie Crocus!". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 

External links[edit]