Puncak Mandala

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Puncak Mandala
Julianatop
Puncak Mandala is located in Papua
Puncak Mandala
Puncak Mandala
Papua Province, Indonesia
Elevation 4,760 m (15,620 ft)[1]
Prominence 2,760 m (9,060 ft)[1]
Listing Seven Second Summits
Ultra
Ribu
Location
Range Jayawijaya (Orange) Range
Coordinates 4°42′31″S 140°17′21″E / 4.70861°S 140.28917°E / -4.70861; 140.28917Coordinates: 4°42′31″S 140°17′21″E / 4.70861°S 140.28917°E / -4.70861; 140.28917
Climbing
First ascent 9 September 1959
by Herman Verstappen, Arthur Escher, Max Tissing, Jan de Wijn & Piet ter Laag [2]

Puncak Mandala (until 1963 Julianatop or Juliana Peak) is a mountain located in Papua, Indonesia. At 4,760 metres (15,617 ft), it is the highest point of the Jayawijaya (Orange) Range. Following Mount Carstensz (4884 m) 350 km to the east, Mandala is the second highest freestanding mountain of Oceania, Australasia, New Guinea and Indonesia.[3][4]

Geology[edit]

Mandala is one of the three high massifs of Western New Guinea, together with the Cartstensz and Trikora complexes.[4] This peak used to have an ice cap, but it was last seen in 1989 and by 2003 it was totally gone.[4] Based on the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission data, this peak is likely higher than Puncak Trikora, which lost its icecap in about 1960.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mountains of the Indonesian Archipelago" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  2. ^ Video report of first ascent (in Dutch)
  3. ^ List of highest mountains in Indonesia at the Gunung Baggingsite.
  4. ^ a b c d "Puncak Mandala, Indonesia". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved November 8, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]