Punjab Legislative Assembly

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Punjab Legislative Assembly
ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Deputy Speaker
Leader of the House
Sunil Kumar Jakhar, Congress
Structure
Seats 117
Political groups

     SAD (56)
     BJP (12)
     INC (46)

     Independent (3)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
January 30, 2012
Meeting place
Punjab vidhansabha.jpg
Vidhan Bhavan, Chandigarh, India
Website
Homepage

The Punjab Legislative Assembly or the Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ) is the unicameral legislature of the state of Punjab in northern India. At present, it consists of 117 members, directly elected from 117 single-seat constituencies. The tenure of the legislative assembly is five years, unless sooner dissolved. The current speaker of the Assembly is Charanjit Singh Atwal. The meeting place of the legislative assembly since 6 March 1961 is the Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh.

History[edit]

British Raj[edit]

An Executive Council was formed under The Indian Councils Act, 1861. It was only under the Government of India Act 1919 that a Legislative Council was set up in Punjab. Later, under the Government of India Act 1935, the Punjab Legislative Assembly was constituted with a membership of 175. It was summoned for the first time on 1 April 1937. In 1947, Punjab Province was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab and the East Punjab Legislative Assembly was formed, the forerunner of the current assembly consisting of 72 members.

1947-Present[edit]

On 15 July 1948, eight princely states of East Punjab grouped together to form a single state, Patiala and East Punjab States Union. The Punjab State Legislature was a bicameral house in April 1952, comprising the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and Vidhan Parishad (upper house). In 1956 the state was reorganised and renamed Punjab, the strength of the Vidhan Parishad of the new State of Punjab was enhanced from 40 seats to 46 seats and in 1957, it was increased to 51. Punjab was tri-furcated in 1966 to form Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab. The Vidhan Parishad was reduced the 40 seats and the Vidhan Sabha by 50 seats to 104 seats. On 1 January 1970, the Vidhan Parishad was abolished leaving the state with a unicameral legislature.

Speaker of the Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Charanjit Singh Atwal is the current speaker of the Punjab Legislative Assembly, he was elected to the office in 2012.


Past speakers[edit]

Name Term
Kapur Singh 1947–1951
Satya Pal 1952–1954
Gurdial Singh Dhillon 1954–1962
Parbodh Chandra 1962–1964
Harbans Lal 1964–1967
Joginder Singh Mann 1967–1969
Darbara Singh 1969–1973
Kewal Krishan 1973–1977
Ravi Inder Singh 1977–1980
Brij Bhushan Mehra 1985–1986
Ravi Inder Singh 1985–1986
Surjit Singh Minhas 1986–1992
Harcharan Singh Ajnala 1992–1993
Harnam Das Johar 1993–1996
Dilbagh Singh Daleke 1996–1997
Charanjit Singh Atwal 1997–2002
Kewal Krishan 2002–2007
Nirmal Singh Kahlon 2007-2012
Charanjit Singh Atwal 2012-present

Past Deputy speakers[edit]

Name from to
Thakur Panchan Chand 03.11.1947 20.03.1951
Smt. Chhanno Devi 26.03.1951 20.06.1951
S. Gurdial Singh Dhillon 10.05.1952 17.05.1954
Ch. Swaroop Singh 19.05.1954 28.02.1962
Smt. Chhanno Devi 19.03.1962 31.10.1966
Dr. Jagjit Singh 27.03.1967 27.11.1967
S. Baldev Singh 08.12.1967 23.08.1968
Brig. (Retd.) Bikramajit Singh Bajwa 20.03.1969 24.04.1970
Brig. (Retd.) Bikramajit Singh Bajwa 28.07.1970 13.10.1971
Dr. Kewal Krishan 28.03.1972 25.09.1973
S. Nasib Singh Gill 28.09.1973 30.04.1977
Sh. Panna Lal Nayyar 08.07.1977 17.02.1980
S. Guizar Singh 08.07.1980 26.06.1985
S. Nirmal Singh Kahlon 05.11.1985 06.05.1986
S. Jaswant Singh 02.06.1986 05.03.1988
Sh. Romesh Chander Dogra 07.04.1992 07.01.1996
Sh. Naresh Thakur 28.02.1996 11.02.1997
Ch. Swarna Ram 18.06.1997 26.07.1997
Dr. Baldev Raj Chawla 23.12.1997 31.12.1999
Shri Satpal Gosain 05.09.2000 24.02.2002
Prof. Darbari Lal 26.06.2002 10.03.2003
S. Bir Devinder Singh 27.03.2003 09.07.2004
Prof. Darbari Lal 12.07.2004 10.03.2012
Dinesh Singh (Punjab politician) 20.03.2012 -

Political parties[edit]

Rank Party Seats Contested Seats Won  % Votes  % Votes in
Seats Cont.
1 Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) 94 56 34.59 42.19
3 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 23 12 7.15 39.73
2 Indian National Congress 117 46 39.92 39.92
4 Independent - 3 7.13
Total 117

References[edit]