Punjab Legislative Assembly
|Punjab Legislative Assembly
ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ
|Speaker||Charanjit Singh Atwal, Akali Dal|
|Leader of the House||Parkash Singh Badal, Akali Dal|
|Sunil Kumar Jakhar, Congress|
|Political groups||Shiromani Akali Dal
Bharatiya Janata Party
Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee
People's Party of Punjab
|Last election||January 30, 2012|
|Vidhan Bhavan, Chandigarh, India|
The Punjab Legislative Assembly or the Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ) is the unicameral legislature of the state of Punjab in northern India. At present, it consists of 117 members, directly elected from 117 single-seat constituencies. The tenure of the legislative assembly is five years, unless sooner dissolved. The current speaker of the Assembly is Charanjit Singh Atwal. The meeting place of the legislative assembly since 6 March 1961 is the Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh.
An Executive Council was formed under The Indian Councils Act, 1861. It was only under the Government of India Act 1919 that a Legislative Council was set up in Punjab. Later, under the Government of India Act 1935, the Punjab Legislative Assembly was constituted with a membership of 175. It was summoned for the first time on 1 April 1937. In 1947, Punjab Province was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab and the East Punjab Legislative Assembly was formed, the forerunner of the current assembly consisting of 72 members.
On 15 July 1948, eight princely states of East Punjab grouped together to form a single state, Patiala and East Punjab States Union. The Punjab State Legislature was a bicameral house in April 1952, comprising the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and Vidhan Parishad (upper house). In 1956 the state was reorganised and renamed Punjab, the strength of the Vidhan Parishad of the new State of Punjab was enhanced from 40 seats to 46 seats and in 1957, it was increased to 51. Punjab was tri-furcated in 1966 to form Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab. The Vidhan Parishad was reduced the 40 seats and the Vidhan Sabha by 50 seats to 104 seats. On 1 January 1970, the Vidhan Parishad was abolished leaving the state with a unicameral legislature.
Speaker of the Vidhan Sabha
Charanjit Singh Atwal is the current speaker of the Punjab Legislative Assembly, he was elected to the office in 2012.
|Gurdial Singh Dhillon||1954–1962|
|Joginder Singh Mann||1967–1969|
|Ravi Inder Singh||1977–1980|
|Brij Bhushan Mehra||1985–1986|
|Ravi Inder Singh||1985–1986|
|Surjit Singh Minhas||1986–1992|
|Harcharan Singh Ajnala||1992–1993|
|Harnam Das Johar||1993–1996|
|Dilbagh Singh Daleke||1996–1997|
|Charanjit Singh Atwal||1997–2002|
|Nirmal Singh Kahlon||2007-2012|
|Charanjit Singh Atwal||2012–present|
|Rank||Party||Seats Contested||Seats Won||% Votes|| % Votes in
|1||Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD)||94||56||34.59||42.19|
|3||Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||23||12||7.15||39.73|
|2||Indian National Congress||117||46||39.92||39.92|