Punjab National Bank
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012)|
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (June 2012)|
|Traded as||BSE: 532461
|Industry||Banking, Financial services|
|Founder(s)||Lala Lajpat Rai|
|Headquarters||New Delhi, India|
|Key people||K R Kamath (Chairman & MD)|
|Products||Credit cards, consumer banking, corporate banking, finance and insurance, investment banking, mortgage loans, private banking, private equity, wealth management|
|Revenue||416.86 billion (US$6.4 billion) (2012)|
|Net income||50.25 billion (US$770 million) (2012)|
|Total assets||4.704 trillion (US$72 billion) (2012)|
|Owner(s)||Government of India|
Punjab National Bank (PNB) is an Indian financial services company based in New Delhi, India. PNB is the third largest bank in India in terms of asset size. It was founded in 1895 as a private banking company by Lala Lajpat Rai and is currently the second largest state-owned commercial bank in India ahead of Bank of Baroda with about 5,000 branches across 764 cities. It serves over 37 million customers. The bank has been ranked 248th biggest bank in the world by the Bankers' Almanac. The bank's total assets for financial year 2013 was about US$6.6 billion. Punjab National Bank is one of the Big Four banks of India, along with State Bank of India, ICICI Bank and Bank of Baroda. PNB has a banking subsidiary in the UK, as well as branches in Hong Kong, Dubai and Kabul, and representative offices in Almaty, Dubai, Oslo, and Shanghai.
Punjab National Bank was registered on 19 May 1894 under the Indian Companies Act, with its office in Anarkali Bazaar, Lahore. The founding board was drawn from different parts of India professing different faiths and a varied back-ground with, however, the common objective of providing country with a truly national bank which would further the economic interest of the country. PNB's founders included several leaders of the Swadeshi movement such as Dyal Singh Majithia and Lala Harkishan Lal, Lala Lalchand, Shri Kali Prosanna Roy, Shri E.C. Jessawala, Shri Prabhu Dayal, Bakshi Jaishi Ram, and Lala Dholan Dass. Lala Lajpat Rai was actively associated with the management of the Bank in its early years. The board first met on 23 May 1894. Ironically, the PNB Website now claims Lala Lajpat Rai to be the founding father, surpassing Rai Mul Raj and Dyal Singh Majithia. The bank opened for business on 12 April 1895 in Lahore.
PNB has the distinction of being the first Indian bank to have been started solely with Indian capital that has survived to the present. (The first entirely Indian bank, Commercial Bank, was established in 1881 in Faizabad, but failed in 1958.)
PNB has had the privilege of maintaining accounts of national leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, Shri Jawahar Lal Nehru, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, as well as the account of the famous Jalianwala Bagh Committee.
In 1900, PNB established its first branch outside Lahore in Rawalpindi. Branches in Karachi and Peshawar followed. The next year, PNB absorbed Bhagwan Dass Bank, a scheduled bank located in Delhi Circle.
In 1947, at the Partition of India and the commencement of Pakistani independence, PNB lost its premises in Lahore, but continued to operate in Pakistan. Partition forced PNB to close 92 offices in West Pakistan, 33% of the total number, and which held 40% of the total deposits. PNB still maintained a few caretaker branches. On 31 March 1947, even before Partition, PNB had decided to leave Lahore and transfer its registered office to India; it received permission from the Lahore High Court on 20 June 1947, at which time it established a new head office in New Delhi.
- 1951: PNB acquired the 39 branches of Bharat Bank (est. 1942); Bharat Bank became Bharat Nidhi Ltd.
- 1960: PNB again shifted its head office, this time from Calcutta to Delhi.
- 1961: PNB acquired Universal Bank of India.
- 1963: The Government of Burma nationalized PNB's branch in Rangoon (Yangon).
- September 1965: After the Indo-Pak war the government of Pakistan seized all the offices in Pakistan of Indian banks. PNB also had one or more branches in East Pakistan (Bangladesh).
- 1960s: PNB amalgamated Indo Commercial Bank (est. 1933) in a rescue.
- 1969: The Government of India (GOI) nationalized PNB and 13 other major commercial banks, on 19 July 1969.
- 1976 or 1978: PNB opened a branch in London.
- 1986 The Reserve Bank of India required PNB to transfer its London branch to State Bank of India after the branch was involved in a fraud scandal.
- 1986: PNB acquired Hindustan Commercial Bank (est. 1943) in a rescue. The acquisition added Hindustan's 142 branches to PNB's network.
- 1993: PNB acquired New Bank of India, which the GOI had nationalized in 1980.
- 1998: PNB set up a representative office in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
In 2003, PNB took over Nedungadi Bank, the oldest private sector bank in Kerala. At the time of the merger with PNB, Nedungadi Bank's shares had zero value, with the result that its shareholders received no payment for their shares. PNB also opened a representative office in London.
The next year, PNB established a branch in Kabul, Afghanistan and a representative office in Shanghai. PNB also established an alliance with Everest Bank in Nepal that permits migrants to transfer funds easily between India and Everest Bank's 12 branches in Nepal. Currently, PNB owns 20% of Everest Bank.
In 2005 PNB opened a representative office in Dubai.
Two years later, PNB established PNBIL – Punjab National Bank (International) – in the UK, with two offices, one in London, and one in South Hall. Since then it has opened more branches, this time in Leicester, Birmingham, Ilford, Wembly, and Wolverhampton. PNB also opened a branch in Hong Kong.
In January 2009, PNB established a representative office in Oslo, Norway. PNB hopes to upgrade this to a branch in due course.
In 2010, PNB purchased a small minority stake in Kazakhstan-based JSC Dana Bank. Within the year PNB increased its ownership and now PNB owns 84% of what has become JSC (SB) PNB. The subsidiary has branches in Almaty, Astana, Kangandu, and Pavlodar. Danabank was established on 20 October 1992 in Pavlodar.
Also, in January 2010, PNB established a subsidiary in Bhutan. PNB owns 51% of Druk PNB Bank, which has branches in Thimpu, Phuentsholing, and Wangdue. Local investors own the remaining shares. Then on 1 May, PNB opened its branch in Dubai's financial center.
In September 2011, PNB opened a representative office in Sydney, Australia.
In December 2012 it signed an agreement with US based life Insurance company Metlife to acquire a 30% stake in MetLife's Indian affiliate MetLife India Limited. The company would be renamed PNB MetLife India Limited and PNB would sell MetLife's products in its branches.
- Fortune India 500 Ranking - Punjab National Bank was ranked #26 in the Fortune India 500 ranking of 2011.
- Forbes Global 2000 Ranking - Punjab National Bank was ranked #1243 in the Forbes Global 2000 in 2006.
- "2010 Form 10-K, Punjab National Bank". Hoover's.
- Gopal, Madan (1994). "The Nation's Bankers". Dyal Singh Majithia. New Delhi: Publ. Div., Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Gov. of India. ISBN 81-230-0119-3.
- Tandon, Prakash (1989). Banking century : a short history of banking in India & the pioneer, Punjab National Bank. New Delhi, India: Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-82853-1.
- "Origin of PNB". Punjab National Bank. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
- "Punjab National Bank acquires 30% stake in Metlife, company to be re-branded". The Indian Express. Jan 4, 2013.
- India's 30 biggest companies - Rediff.com Business. Rediff.com (2011-12-22). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- The top 20 companies in India - Rediff.com Business. Rediff.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- The Forbes 2000 – Forbes.com
- [PNB Recruitment 2012 for 2985 Clerks in Punjab National Bank http://apgovtjobsinindia.blogspot.com/2012/09/pnb-recruitment-2012-apply-for-2985.html]