Punta Gorda, Florida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Punta Gorda, Florida
City
Punta Gorda City Hall
Punta Gorda City Hall
Location in Charlotte County and the state of Florida
Location in Charlotte County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 26°54′57″N 82°2′52″W / 26.91583°N 82.04778°W / 26.91583; -82.04778Coordinates: 26°54′57″N 82°2′52″W / 26.91583°N 82.04778°W / 26.91583; -82.04778
Country  United States
State  Florida
County Charlotte
Settled 1882
Incorporated (city) 1900
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Rachel Keesling
 • City Manager Howard Kunik
Area[1]
 • Total 21.0 sq mi (54.4 km2)
 • Land 15.0 sq mi (38.9 km2)
 • Water 6.0 sq mi (15.5 km2)  28.52%
Elevation[2] 6 ft (2 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,641
 • Density 1,109/sq mi (428.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 33900-33999
Area code(s) 941
FIPS code 12-59200[3]
GNIS feature ID 0289380[4]
Website www.ci.punta-gorda.fl.us
Punta Gorda City Hall Annex

Punta Gorda (/ˌpʌntə ˈɡɔrdə/; English: Fat Point) is a city in Charlotte County, Florida, United States. As of the 2010 census the city had a population of 16,641.[5] It is the county seat of Charlotte County[6] and the only incorporated municipality in the county. Punta Gorda is the principal city of the Punta Gorda, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area and of the Sarasota-Bradenton-Punta Gorda Combined Statistical Area.[7]

Punta Gorda was the scene of massive destruction after Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 hurricane, came through the city on August 13, 2004. Charley was the strongest tropical system to hit Florida since Hurricane Andrew in 1992, and the first hurricane since Hurricane Donna in 1960 to make a direct hit on Florida's southwest coast.[8]

History[edit]

The name "Punta Gorda" has been on maps at least since 1851, referring to a point of land that juts into Charlotte Harbor, an estuary off the Gulf of Mexico. During the late 1800s early settlers began to arrive in the Punta Gorda area.[9]

Frederick and Jarvis Howard, Union Army veterans, homesteaded an area south of the Peace River near present-day Punta Gorda about a decade after the close of the Civil War. In 1876, James and Josephine Lockhart bought land and built a house on property which is now at the center of the city.[9] Approximately two years later Lockhart sold his claim to James Madison Lanier, a hunter and trapper. Lanier with his wife lived there until 1883, when 30.8 acres (12.5 ha) were sold to Isaac Trabue, who purchased additional land along the harbor and directed the platting of a town (by Kelly B. Harvey) named "Trabue".[9]

Less than ten years after the first settlements in the area, railroads rolled into the town of Trabue in June 1886, and with them came the first land developers and Southwest Florida's first batch of tourists. The town was renamed "Punta Gorda" (Spanish for "Fat Point") in 1887.[10]

Punta Gorda became the southernmost stop on the Florida Southern Railroad, until an extension was built to Fort Myers in 1904,[11] attracting the industries that propelled its initial growth.

In 1887, 12 years after the first settlers trekked to Charlotte Harbor, 34 men, four of whom were African-American, met at Hector's Billiard Parlor to discuss incorporation. Once Punta Gorda was officially incorporated, mayoral elections took place and a council was formed. The first elected mayor was W.H. Simmons.[12]

In 1890, the first postmaster, Robert Meacham, an African American, was appointed by Isaac Trabue as a deliberate affront to Kelly B. Harvey and those who had voted to change the name of the town from Trabue. [13]

In 1885, phosphate rock was discovered on the banks of the Peace River just above Punta Gorda. Phosphate was a valuable mineral for fertilizers and many other products and was in great demand worldwide. At first the phosphate was barged down the Peace River to Port Boca Grande, where it was loaded onto schooners for worldwide shipment. But by 1905 it was felt that building a railroad to Port Boca Grande and carrying the phosphate to it by rail should improve the method of shipment.

Early Punta Gorda greatly resembled the modern social climate of various classes living together and working together. While the regal Punta Gorda Hotel, at one point partly owned by Cornelius Vanderbilt, reflected the upper class, Punta Gorda was a pretty rough town, as most frontier towns were. In the early days, Punta Gorda's location at the end of the railway line made it a popular destination for some pretty shady characters, resulting in around 40 murders between 1890 and 1904.

In 1925, a bungalow was built by Joseph Blanchard, an African-American sea captain and fisherman. The Blanchard House still stands as a museum, representing middle-class African-American life in the area. Exhibits cover political, civic and religious life; founding families; education; and the Civil Rights Movement through vintage photos, newspaper clippings and family heirlooms.

The Blanchard House and Museum of African American History and Culture of Charlotte County highlight the community that thrived from the town's founding until integration led residents to move away and businesses to close. In addition to exhibits, the museum serves as a community center, with a library of books by black writers, a book club, seminars on African-American history and culture, and leadership classes.

Punta Gorda in the 20th century still maintained steady growth. Charlotte County was formed in 1921 after DeSoto County was split. Also in 1921, the first bridge was constructed connecting Punta Gorda and Charlotte Harbor along the brand-new Tamiami Trail. This small bridge was replaced by the original Barron Collier Bridge in 1931, and then by the current Barron Collier Bridge and Gilchrist Bridge crossing the Peace River.

Historic places[edit]

There are many historic places in Punta Gorda, including ten places on the National Register of Historic Places:

Geography[edit]

Punta Gorda is located at 26°54′57″N 82°2′52″W / 26.91583°N 82.04778°W / 26.91583; -82.04778 (26.915907, -82.047820).[14] It lies on the south bank of the tidal Peace River and the eastern shore of Charlotte Harbor, an arm of the Gulf of Mexico. Unincorporated communities bordering Punta Gorda include Charlotte Park (nearly surrounded by the city), Solana to the east, and Charlotte Harbor to the north, across the Peace River.

U.S. Route 41, the Tamiami Trail, runs through the center of the city, leading south 23 miles (37 km) to Fort Myers and northwest 30 miles (48 km) to Venice. The southern terminus of U.S. Route 17 is in the center of Punta Gorda; the highway leads northeast 25 miles (40 km) to Arcadia and ultimately 1,206 miles (1,941 km) to its northern terminus in Winchester, Virginia. Interstate 75 bypasses Punta Gorda to the east, with access via U.S. 17 from Exit 164.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.0 square miles (54.4 km2). 15.0 square miles (38.9 km2) of it is land, and 6.0 square miles (15.5 km2) of it (28.52%) is water.[5]

Education[edit]

Punta Gorda is home to five public schools operated by Charlotte County Public Schools: Charlotte High School, Punta Gorda Middle School, Sallie Jones Elementary School, East Elementary School and the Baker Pre-K Center.

Also located in Punta Gorda is the Charlotte County campus of Florida SouthWestern State College, which has four campuses in southwest Florida.[15]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 14,344 people, 7,165 households, and 5,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,012.8 per square mile (391.1/km²). There were 8,907 housing units at an average density of 628.9 per square mile (242.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.60% White, 3.17% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.99% of the population.

There were 7,165 households out of which 8.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.8% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.27.

In the city the population was spread out with 8.2% under the age of 18, 2.1% from 18 to 24, 9.9% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 46.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 64 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $48,916, and the median income for a family was $54,879. Males had a median income of $34,054 versus $26,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,460. About 4.7% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Florida by Place. Population, Housing, Area, and Density: 2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Punta Gorda 7.5-minute topographic map (2012)
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Punta Gorda city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. Archived from the original on 2007-09-25. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 
  8. ^ Richard J. Pasch; Daniel P. Brown, Eric S. Blake (2004-10-18). "Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  9. ^ a b c Peeples, Vernon (2012). Punta Gorda in the Beginning 1865-1900. Port Charlotte: Book-broker Publishers of Florida. pp. 1–17. ISBN 978-0-9832670-9-6. 
  10. ^ Turner, Gregg M., A Journey Into Florida Railroad History, University Press of Florida, Library of Congress card number 2007050375, ISBN 978-0-8130-3233-7, pages 123–124.
  11. ^ Turner, Gregg M., A Journey Into Florida Railroad History, University Press of Florida, Library of Congress card number 2007050375, ISBN 978-0-8130-3233-7, page 156.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference Peeples.2C_2012.2C89-92 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ Cite error: The named reference Peeples.2C_2012.2C70 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "Charlotte Campus". edison.edu. 
  16. ^ Maffezzoli, Dennis (2007-05-25). "Corsaletti gets taste of majors with Rocket". Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  17. ^ Maffezzoli, Dennis (2007-06-08). [Fred Ferris - Colorful Local Editor and publisher of the Charlotte county Sun Coast Times 1960's - http://www.heraldtribune.com/article/20070608/SPORTS/706080324 "Milwaukee Brewers selects LaPorta"]. News-Press. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  18. ^ Scott, Anna (2006-01-10). "James Lawless, former schools superintendent, dies at 86". Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 
  19. ^ "5 SFWL players named to State All-Time Prep Football Top 100". MSNBC. Archived from the original on 2007-12-06. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 
  20. ^ Fineran, John. "Baseball's return tops 2006 stories". Sun-Herald. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  21. ^ David Lee McMullen, Strike! The Radical Insurrections of Ellen Dawson. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2010; pg. 182

External links[edit]