Puquina language

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Region south shore of Lake Titicaca
Extinct 18th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3 puq
Linguist list
Glottolog puqu1242[1]

Puquina is an extinct language once spoken by a native ethnic group in the region surrounding Lake Titicaca (Perú and Bolivia) and in the north of Chile. It is often associated with Tiwanaku.

Remnants of Puquina can be found in the Quechua and Spanish languages spoken in the south of Perú, mainly in Arequipa, Moquegua and Tacna as well as in Bolivia. There also appear to be remnants in Callahuaya (Kolyawaya), which may be a mix of Quechua and Puquina. (Kaufman (1990) finds this proposal plausible.)

Sometimes the term Puquina is used for Uru, which is different.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Puquina". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Adelaar, Willem and van de Kerke, Simon (2009). Puquina. In: Mily Crevels and Pieter Muysken (eds.) Lenguas de Bolivia, vol. I, 125-146. La Paz: Plural editores. (in Spanish)