Purgaz

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Inäzor Purgaz
Grand Duke of Erzä
Reign ?–1239
Birthplace Place unknown
Died 1239
Place of death possibly Volga-Oka region, near Penza
Royal house House of Purgaz
Father unknown
Mother unknown

Purgaz or Inäzor Purgaz (Erzya: Пургаз (Инязор Пургаз), Russian: Пургас, Purgas) was an Erzän leader in the first half of the 13th century. He was a Grand Duke (inäzor) of Erzän Principality of Purgaz. Being an ally of the Volga Bulgaria, he resisted Suzdal Russia's expansion to the region. In later times, he became a symbol of Erzän independence and a figure of legend.

Life[edit]

Purgaz was named in the Russian chronicles several times. In January, 1229 his army repulsed a raid of the Russian princes Yaroslav Vsevolodovich, Vasily Konstantinovich and Vsevolod Konstantinovich. Then Purgaz defeated the Mokshan prince, Puresh[citation needed]. In April, 1229 he tried to regain Nizhny Novgorod from the Russians, which was formerly the Erzyan settlement of Obran Osh. His troops burned the settlement, but the citadel stayed safe. Several months later he was defeated by Puresh. It's known that during the rule of Purgaz Russian peasants fled to his principality.

In summer 1237 he successfully resisted the advance of the Mongols, but in autumn-winter 1238-1239 he was defeated.

Later perception[edit]

Since the 13th century, Purgaz had been idolized as a mythical hero; he started to be erroneously called a King of Mordovia. In the following centuries, Purgaz continued to be seen as an Erzän hero.

Purgaz
Preceded by
unknown
Grand Duke of Erzä
? – 1239
Succeeded by
unknown

Template:Monarchs of Erzä

See also[edit]