Puri

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For other uses, see Puri (disambiguation).
Puri
ପୁରୀ
City
Montage of Puri City
Montage of Puri City
Puri is located in Odisha
Puri
Puri
Coordinates: 19°29′N 85°29′E / 19.48°N 85.49°E / 19.48; 85.49Coordinates: 19°29′N 85°29′E / 19.48°N 85.49°E / 19.48; 85.49
Country  India
State Odisha
District Puri
Government
 • Chairperson, Municipality Shantilata Pradhan
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Languages
 • Official Oriya, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 75200x
Telephone code 06752
Vehicle registration OD-13

Puri (About this sound listen ; Oriya: ପୁରୀ) is a city and the district headquarters of Puri district, Odisha, eastern India. It is situated on the Bay of Bengal, 60 kilometres (37 mi) south of the state capital of Bhubaneswar. It is also known as Jagannath Puri after the 11th century Jagannath Temple located in the city. It is a holy city of the Hindus as a part of the original Char Dham pilgrimages, of which the other legs are Dwaraka, Badrinath and Rameswaram. According to Hindu teachings, a pilgrimage of the temples of India is not considered complete without a journey to Puri.

Puri Beach is a popular beach resort. Sun Temple Konark is at distance of around 35 km from Puri.[1]

Name[edit]

Puri, the holy land of Lord Jaganath, has many names. It is mentioned in Puranas as Srikshetra, Shankhakshetra, Neelāchala, Neelādri, Purusottama Dhāma, Purusottama Kshetra, Purusottama Puri and Jagannath Puri. The word "Puri" in Sanskrit means 'town', or 'city'[2] and is cognate with polis in Greek. It is possible that Puri is a shortened name for Jagannath Puri or Purusottama Puri. In some records pertaining to the British rule, the word 'Jagannath' was used for Puri.[3] It is the only shrine in India, where Radha, along with Lakshmi, Durga, Sati, Parvati, and Shakti abodes with Krishna, also known as Jagannath.[4]

History[edit]

Puri is the site of the Govardhana matha, one of the four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankaracharya, the others being those at Sringeri, Dwaraka and Jyotirmath.

Puri is also famous for its annual Ratha Yatra, or "Festival of Chariots", when the deities Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra, are brought out of the temple, and placed in a chariot procession.[5] This festival occurs on various dates of the Gregorian calendar, typically in the month of July.[6]

The town is famous for its many Mathas (Monasteries of the various Hindu sects). It also houses the relics of many Hindu figures as traditionally it is seen as a holy place to die in or to be cremated. As a result, it has had a disproportionate number of widows.

In 1903, Sri Yukteswar established an ashram in the sea-side town of Puri, naming it "Kararashram". From two ashrams, Yukteswar taught students, and began an organization named "Sadhu Sabha."

Among seven holy sites of India[edit]

Puri is one of the seven most holy places for Hindus in India whereas Varanasi is considered as the holiest of the seven holy cities.[citation needed]

Ayodhyā Mathurā Māyā Kāsi Kāñchī Avantikā I

Purī Dvārāvatī chaiva saptaitā moksadāyikāh II - Garuḍa Purāṇa I XVI .14

A Kṣetra is a sacred ground, a field of active power, a place where Moksha, final release can be obtained. The Garuda Purana enumerates seven sites as giver of Moksha, They are Ayodhya, Mathura, Māyā, Kāsi, Kāñchī, Avantikā, Purī and Dvārāvatī.[7]

Geography[edit]

Puri is located at 19°48′N 85°51′E / 19.8°N 85.85°E / 19.8; 85.85. It has an average elevation of 0 metres (0 feet).

It is 60 kilometer away from Bhubaneswar,Capital of Odisha.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Puri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
29
(84)
27
(81)
30.4
(86.9)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
20
(68)
24
(75)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
25
(77)
20
(68)
16
(61)
23.7
(74.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
21
(0.83)
15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
54
(2.13)
184
(7.24)
268
(10.55)
301
(11.85)
243
(9.57)
164
(6.46)
64
(2.52)
5
(0.2)
1,341
(52.8)
Source: Weather2Travel

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[8] Puri had a population of 201,026. Males, 104,267, females, 96,759, children under 6 years of age, 17,000. The sex ratio is 928. Puri has an literacy rate of 89.38. Govt of Odisha started its first centralized kitchen under miday meal scheme to feed 60.000 children in and around Puri in MOU with Akshayapatra foundation, Grand road Puri.

Transport[edit]

Puri railway station is amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railways.[9]

Eminent Personalities[edit]

Gopabandhu Das

Acharya Harihar

Nilakantha Das

Kelucharan Mohapatra

Pankaj Charan Das

Manasi Pradhan

Raghunath Mohapatra

Sudarshan Patnaik

Politics[edit]

Current MLA from Puri Assembly Constituency is Maheswar Mohanty of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2014. He won this seat for BJD in 2000,2004 and 2009 and representing JD in 1995. Other previous MLAs from this seat were Braja Kishor Tripathy who won this seat representing JD in 1990, representing JNP in 1985 and 1977, Gadadhar Mishra of INC(I) in 1980.Mr Uma Ballav Rath also became the MLA in 1991 in a Bi election as a JD candidate.[10]

Puri is part of Puri (Lok Sabha constituency).[11] Current M.P of Puri is Pinaki Misra.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Paradise of East Coast: Puri". 
  2. ^ Klaus Glashoff. "Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit". Spokensanskrit.de. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  3. ^ [Tripathy, M. M.; Puri; An article from the 'Sri Mandira' magazine published by the Govt. of Odisha]
  4. ^ "Jagannathyatra". Jagannathyatra. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Puri". 
  6. ^ Subhamoy Das. "Rath Yatra-The Chariot Festival of India". 
  7. ^ The Hindu temple, Volume 1 By Stella Kramrisch, Raymond Burnier p.3. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  9. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  10. ^ "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 56-Puri Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-17-2010-2011-2012. 
  11. ^ "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-17. 

External links[edit]