Purley, London

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For other uses, see Purley (disambiguation).
Purley
Purley is located in Greater London
Purley
Purley
 Purley shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ313615
London borough Croydon
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PURLEY
Postcode district CR8
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Croydon South
London Assembly Croydon and Sutton
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°20′14″N 0°06′51″W / 51.3373°N 0.1141°W / 51.3373; -0.1141

Purley is a district of South London within the London Borough of Croydon. It is located south of Croydon, and is situated 11.7 miles (18.8 km) south of Charing Cross. It has a population of about 72,000.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name, first recorded as "Pirlee" in 1200, means 'Peartree wood or clearing'.[citation needed]

Local government[edit]

Under the Local Government Act 1894, Purley became part of the Croydon Rural District of Surrey. In 1915 Purley and the neighbouring town of Coulsdon formed the Coulsdon and Purley Urban District which in 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, was abolished and its area transferred to Greater London and used to form part of the London Borough of Croydon.

The urban district council was based in a colonial-style building opened in 1930. The building, on the A23 Brighton Road near Reedham Station, became the property of the London Borough of Croydon and was sold to developers. It was left derelict for many years but was converted into flats in 2012.[citation needed]

Aviation[edit]

Kenley Aerodrome, to the east of the town, is currently official property of the Ministry of Defence. It was one of the most important fighter stations – together with Croydon Airport and Biggin Hill – during World War II.[citation needed]

Suburban growth[edit]

Purley grew rapidly in the 1920s and 1930s, providing spacious homes in a green environment. Northeast Purley stretches into the chalk hill spurs of the North Downs.

Former offices of Coulsdon and Purley Urban District on Brighton Road, Purley

One road, Promenade de Verdun, created by William Webb, has a distinction all of its own. It is 600 yards (550 m) long and has on one side Lombardy poplars planted in soil mixed with English and French earth specifically shipped over to the UK, a plaque at one end explains that the French ministry of Interior donated the soil from Armentières, as a memorial to the alliance of World War One and the soldiers who died.[citation needed] At the other end of the road stands an obelisk carved from a single piece of stone with the inscription "Aux soldats de France morts glorieusement pendant la Grande Guerre".[citation needed] Notably, the town was home to Joachim Von Ribbentrop when he was ambassador before WWII, and he attempted to ensure that the town was never bombed.[citation needed] However, the town was very heavily bombed.[citation needed]

The 32nd Surrey Battalion of the Home Guard was known as the Factory Battalion, and had the specific task of guarding the Purley Way factories: its units were mainly based on staff from the individual firms. The factories adjoining Croydon Airport took the worst of the air raid of 15 August 1940: the British NSF factory was almost entirely destroyed, and the Bourjois factory gutted, with a total of over sixty civilian deaths.[1]

A comprehensive history of Purley and its growth around Caterham Junction (now Purley Station) with the coming of the railways some 150 years ago is found in the Bourne Society's 'Purley Village History' and in its Local History Records publications.

The Webb Estate made headlines in a 2002 survey, which found that it had over the years attracted the highest-earning residents in the UK. In the same year Purley topped Britain's rich list becoming the most affluent suburb and consistently features among the most affluent suburbs in Britain owing to its exclusive gated estates, large houses and greenery yet only less than 30 minutes from central London thus attracting wealthy city workers.[2]

Education[edit]

Purley is home to a number of schools; including three notable Catholic schools, two of which are in Peaks Hill, Surrey: these schools are The John Fisher School a high-performing Catholic all boys state school (formerly an independent and then highly selective state school), Laleham Lea Primary School a co-educational prep-school and Oakwood School, a co-educational Catholic primary. Cumnor House School A prep-school is also in Purley.

Other schools in Purley include:

Retail and commerce[edit]

Street scene in town centre with local Pizza Express branch, formerly the Westminster Bank in foreground

Purley used to have many different kinds of retail shops such as greengrocers, butchers, fishmongers, card shops, sport shops, etc. The old Sainsbury's was closed in the early 1980s (and has now been demolished as part of redevelopment plans by the congregation of Purley Baptist Church). Since the opening of a new Sainsbury's in the early 1980s (closed 2001) and, more significantly, a Tesco superstore in 1991, there has been a shift in the town's retail, predominantly charity shops, estate agents, restaurants and bars. In 2006, further change was on the cards as Tesco proposed to replace the store with a 6-storey building containing affordable flats above a new store. These expansion plans were subsequently shelved.[citation needed]

The island opposite Purley Baptist Church has been refurbished and the Church, under the banner of 58:12[3] (a company and charity set up by the Church) are planning to redevelop it. Other partners in the development of a strategy for the regeneration of central Purley include the Purley & Woodcote Residents' Association and Purley Rotary who actively participate in the Neighbourhood Partnership forums hosted by Croydon Council.

Politics[edit]

Purley has consistently returned Conservative Party MPs to the local seat of Croydon South and has also returned Conservative members to the local council. Since the north of Croydon tends to return Labour councillors, the two halves of the borough are often at loggerheads. In the 2006 local elections the Conservatives were returned to power in Croydon removing Liberal Democrats and replacing Labour from the local political scene. Prominent members of the new Council are residents of Purley & of Woodcote (now part of Coulsdon West Ward)

Notable references in fiction[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Michael Arthur, Vice-Chancellor of Leeds University, Provost of University College London from September 2013, was born in Purley
  • Jay Aston, singer with Bucks Fizz, born in Purley.
  • Derren Brown, famous magician and mentalist, was born and grew up in Purley.
  • June Brown, actress, used to live in South Croydon near Purley.
  • Laura Hamilton, TV Presenter and Dancing on Ice Contestant lives in Purley
  • Peter Cushing, OBE, famous actor who appeared in many Hammer Horror films as Baron Frankenstein and the vampire hunter Dr van Helsing, as Sherlock Holmes, Dr Who and Grand Moff Tarkin in Star Wars. Grew up and went to school in Purley.
  • Andy Frampton, professional association footballer, currently playing for AFC Wimbledon grew up in Purley.
  • Nigel Harman, actor, was born and grew up in Purley.
  • John Harrison former Technical & Commercial Director Royal Opera House lives in Purley.
  • Sir Bernard Ingham, Margaret Thatcher's former press secretary, lives in Purley.
  • Sir David P. Lane, Oncologist best known for identifying P53 went to school and grew up in Purley.
  • Martin Lee, singer with Brotherhood of Man. Born in Purley.
  • Archibald Low, pioneer of radio guidance systems. Born in Purley.
  • Ray Mears (author), TV survivalist
  • Francis Rossi, lead Singer with Status Quo, lives in The Webb Estate in Purley.
  • John Horne Tooke, an English politician and philologist, lived in Purley at the end of the 18th century where he began writing Epea Pteroenta, Or, The Diversions of Purley.

Transport[edit]

Purley railway station

Purley Cross gyratory connects routes leading south-east to East Grinstead and Eastbourne (the A22), west to Epsom and Kingston (the A2022), south to Redhill and Brighton (the A23), and north to Croydon and Central London (the A23 and A235). The A23 north from Purley forms the Purley Way, which leads to Croydon's trading and industrial hinterland and also to the former Croydon Airport, the predecessor of the present London Heathrow Airport and London Gatwick Airport.

The town is on the main London-to-Brighton railway line and is served by Purley and Purley Oaks stations on that line, and Reedham station on the Tattenham Corner Line.

Nearest railway stations[edit]

Nearest places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "London Borough of Croydon : Purley Way and Valley Park". Croydon Online. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Purley laughs all the way to the bank". The Daily Telegraph (London). 16 June 2002. Retrieved 12 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "58-12.co.uk". 58-12.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2010. 

External links[edit]