Puroik people

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"Diorama" exhibit on the Puroik at Jawaharlal Nehru Museum, Itanagar.

The Puroik or Sulung people are a tribe of the hill-tracts of Arunachal Pradesh in India. They speak the Puroik language. The Sulung people are found in an estimated 53 villages in the districts of Subansiri and Upper Subansiri, Papumpare, Kurung Kumey and East Kameng along the upper reaches of the Par River. They number roughly 7,000 people.[1]

They are a "Scheduled Tribe" in India. They claim kinship with the Khowa (Bugun). Economically, they are at a transitional stage between a hunter gatherer lifestyle and agriculturalism. They retain their traditional religion, with some adherence to either Hinduism or Christianity. Earlier forming the bonded labour of other tribes such as the Nishi, the term Sulung indicates slavery, and they were renamed as Puroik to rid their name from this association.

List of clans[edit]

Deuri (1984), quoted in Remsangpuia (2008:22), lists 54 Puroik clans.

  • Sola
  • Hele
  • Tomo
  • Kopik
  • Wengte
  • Seja
  • Warn
  • Waya
  • Seji
  • Yakili
  • Wanga
  • Langa
  • Sara
  • Sario
  • Saria
  • Dau
  • Linchu
  • Messor
  • Lebung (Labung)
  • Riakung
  • Keweng
  • Kapeing
  • Somu
  • Khyana
  • Fungna
  • Marie
  • Yachu
  • Japa
  • Birek
  • Kadu
  • Bungfung
  • Rete
  • Kewe
  • Waching
  • Jha
  • Purdung (Pordung)
  • Huge
  • Pakesa
  • Satuk
  • Piyo
  • Polo
  • Dungkho
  • Wagiong
  • Sakung
  • Kesam
  • Waying
  • Singcho
  • Sengbiyeng
  • Waji
  • Nere
  • Leme
  • Parte
  • Sepa
  • Tango

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joshua Project estimates 7,000, with about 400 living across the Chinese border. SIL Ethnologue estimates 5,000 speakers of Puroik as of 2007. Some Puroik use Nishi as their primary language. Population estimates were somewhat higher in the 1990s, with 10,000 to 12,000 reported in the 1991 Indian census. Chaudhuri, Sarit Kumar; Chaudhuri, Sucheta Sen (2005). Primitive Tribes in Contemporary India: Concept, Ethnography and Demography. Mittal Publications. pp. 367–368. ISBN 978-81-8324-026-0. Retrieved 12 April 2012.