Purple-throated carib

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Purple-throated Carib
Purple-throated carib hummingbird.jpg
Purple-throated Carib in Morne Diablotins National Park, Dominica
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Eulampis
Species: E. jugularis
Binomial name
Eulampis jugularis
Linnaeus, 1766

The Purple-throated Carib (Eulampis jugularis) is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family.

It breeds on Antigua, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Saba, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Sint Eustatius. It has occurred as a vagrant in Barbados, Barbuda, Grenada and the Virgin Islands.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Female purple-throated carib feeding at a flower

The purple throated carib is notable for the differences in the appearance of the sexes. The male is larger and stronger than the female and has a shorter straight beak. Her beak is curved and about 1/3 longer.

It has been reported that the male feeds on the Heliconia Caribaea flower while the female feeds on the Heliconia Bihai and that the male guarde the caribaea from other pollinators including the female because of the rich and plentiful nectar it contains. The female then resorts to the lesser nectar bearing Bihai. This information comes from Hummmingbirds: Magic in the Air, a coneflower production aired in the PBS program NATURE, but does not appear to be accurate.


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