August 30, 1896
|Died||November 18, 1963
Cause of death
|Yangmingshan No. 1 Public Cemetery|
|Residence||Linyi Street, Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan|
|Education||Hosei University, Beijing, 1913
MA University of Berlin, Germany, 1917
Ph.D. University of astronomy in Berlin, Germany, 1922
Biology Ph.D. University of Berlin, Germany, 1922
Honorary doctorate from Seoul National University, 1955
|Occupation||Painter, professor, politician|
|Employer||Kyoto Imperial University (1928-1928)
Peking National College of Art (1934-1949)
Republic of China National Assembly Representative (1947-1963)
National Taiwan Normal University Art Department (1950-1963)
Tunghai University Art Department (1955-1963)
Lady Xiang (mother)
Puru (August 30, 1896 - November 18, 1963), also known as Pu Xinyu, was a painter and calligrapher. He was a member of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, the ruling house of the Qing Dynasty. He was a cousin to Puyi, the final ruler of the Qing Dynasty and last Emperor of China. It is speculated that Puru would have succeeded to the Chinese imperial throne if Puyi and the Qing government was not overthrown after the 1911 Xinhai Revolution. Puru was reputed to be as talented as the artist Chang Dai-chien.
Puru was once selected as a potential candidate to succeed the Guangxu Emperor but his cousin Puyi was eventually chosen instead. Being a prince, he was a student at the University of Berlin. After he returned from Europe, he retreated into the Western Mountains, where he spent many years in Jietai Monastery to concentrate on his studies. His courtesy name was "Xinyu", so he changed his name to Pu Xinyu (Wade–Giles: P'u Hsin-yu) after the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911.
In 1947, Puru was appointed by Chiang Kai-shek as Manchu representative of the Constitutional National Assembly. He was strongly against Puyi's cooperation with the Empire of Japan, foresaw the unrest in China and fled to Taiwan in the same year as Chang Kai-shek did.
In Taiwan, Puru made a living by selling paintings and calligraphy works during the first months of his arrival in Taipei. He lived in a Japanese style house on Linyi Street in Taipei that the government provided for him. He was appointed in October 1949 as a professor of the Fine Arts Department of the National Taiwan Normal University. In 1959, he held a two weeks long art exhibition in the National Museum of History with 318 works on display.
- Father: Zaiying (載瀅; 1861 - 1909), second son of Yixin, Prince Gong (sixth son of the Daoguang Emperor).
- Mother: Lady Xiang (項氏), a secondary spouse of Zaiying.
- Luo Qingyuan (羅清媛)
- Li Moyun (李墨雲)
- Pu Taohua (溥韜華), Puru's eldest daughter.
- Pu Yuli (溥毓岦), Puru's eldest son.
- Pu Yucen (溥毓岑), Puru's second son.
- Pu Yuqi (溥毓岐), Puru's godson.
- Manchu people in Taiwan
- Chang Dai-chien
- Qigong (artist)
- Guanghua Temple (Beijing)
- Qing Dynasty nobility
- Ranks of Imperial Consorts in China#Qing