In Jainism, Puṣpadanta ((Sanskrit: पुष्पदन्त), also known as Suvidhinatha, was the ninth Tirthankara of the present age (Avasarpini). According to Jain beliefs, he became a siddha and an arihant, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma.
Puṣpadanta was born to King Sugriva and Queen Rama at Kakandi (modern Khukhundoo, Deoria, Uttar Pradesh) to the Ikshvaku dynasty. His birth date was the fifth day of the Margshrsha Krishna month of the Indian calendar. In the tradition started by Rishabha, the ninth Tirthankara who re-established the four-part sangha was Puṣpadanta.
Previous births 
During his earlier incarnation as emperor Mahapadma of Pushkalvati Vijay purified his soul to he extant of earning Tirthankara-nama-gotra-karma. He took birth in the Vijayant dimension of gods and from there he descended into the womb of queen Rama Devi, wife of king Sugriva of Kakandi town now Khukhundoo.
According the Jain Agamas, during her pregnancy, Queen Rama developed a strange capacity to develop processes for doing even the most difficult of tasks. When her child was born, the king accordingly named him Suvidhi "Correct Procedure". During his teething, Queen Rama had cravings for playing with flowers. As such, he was also popularly known as Puṣpadanta, "Flower-Tooth".
Suvidhi became an ascetic at an early age and attained omniscience only after four months rigorous spiritual practices. He attained Nirvana at Shikharji on the ninth day of the dark half of Kartika.
The tradition of the "fourfold sangha" established by Rishabha gradually became extinct after Puṣpadanta's death. First, the ascetic organization disintegrated until none were left. The religious discourses were then given by Śrāvakas. Slowly the influence of wealth became overpowering and people started forgetting the principals of the Ratnatraya, including Ahimsa and truthfulness. The discipline of spiritual principles gave way to ritualistic exchanges of wealth and total indiscipline.
See also 
- ^ a b Tukol, T. K. (1980). Compendium of Jainism. Dharwad: University of Karnataka. p.31
- ^ Helen, Johnson (2009) . Muni Samvegayashvijay Maharaj, ed. Trisastiśalākāpurusacaritra of Hemacandra: The Jain Saga (in English. Trans. From Prakrit). Part 1. Baroda: Oriental Institute. ISBN 978-81-908157-0-3. p.469
- ^ Helen, Johnson (2009) pp.470-77