Pustoshka, Pustoshkinsky District, Pskov Oblast

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Pustoshka (English)
Пустошка (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Flea Market in Pustoshka.jpg
Flea market in Pustoshka
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Pustoshka is located in Pskov Oblast
Pustoshka
Pustoshka
Location of Pustoshka in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°20′N 29°22′E / 56.333°N 29.367°E / 56.333; 29.367Coordinates: 56°20′N 29°22′E / 56.333°N 29.367°E / 56.333; 29.367
Administrative status (as of June 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast
Administrative district Pustoshkinsky District[1]
Administrative center of Pustoshkinsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2010)
Municipal district Pustoshkinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Pustoshka Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Pustoshkinsky Municipal District, Pustoshka Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 4,619 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1901[5]
Pustoshka on WikiCommons
Orthodox church in Pustoshka

Pustoshka (Russian: Пустошка) is a town and the administrative center of Pustoshkinsky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on the Krupeya River, 191 kilometers (119 mi) southeast of Pskov. It is a station on the MoscowRiga railway. Population: 4,619 (2010 Census);[3] 5,509 (2002 Census);[6] 6,332 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

Pustoshka was founded in 1901 due to the construction of a railway and was granted town status in 1925.[5] At the time, it was the center of Pustoshkinskaya Volost of Sebezhsky Uyezd in Pskov Governorate.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Pustoshkinsky District was established, with the administrative center in Pustoshka. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Velikiye Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929 the district was transferred to Western Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Western Oblast was abolished, and the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast, and on February 5 Pustoshkinsky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 4, 1938 the district was transferred to Opochka Okrug. On February 5, 1941 the okrug was abolished. Between 16 July 1941 and 27 February 1944, Pustoshka was occupied by German troops. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957 Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished, and Pustoshkinsky District was transferred to Pskov Oblast. The district was abolished on February 1, 1963, and re-established on January 12, 1965.[8]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The biggest industrial enterprise is the milk production factory.[9]

Transportation[edit]

The railway connecting Moscow and Riga passes Pustoshka.

There are two significant highways crossing close to Pustoshka. The M9 highway which connects Moscow and Riga runs in the east-west direction, whereas the M20 highway connects Saint Petersburg and Kiev, running from north to south. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Pustoshka contains one cultural heritage monument of federal significance and additionally three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[10] The federally protected monument is an archeological site, and the locally protected ones are monuments related to World War II.

Pustoshka hosts the Pustoshkinsky District Museum, founded in 1996.[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 250 501», в ред. изменения №226/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 58 250 501, as amended by the Amendment #226/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c Law #420-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 368. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  9. ^ "Экономика" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Пустошкинский историко-краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Администрация Псковской области. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).