Putnam County, Indiana

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Putnam County, Indiana
PutnamCountyCourthouseIndiana.JPG
Putnam County Courthouse in Greencastle
Map of Indiana highlighting Putnam County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded December 31, 1822
Named for Israel Putnam
Seat Greencastle
Largest city Greencastle
Area
 • Total 482.69 sq mi (1,250 km2)
 • Land 480.53 sq mi (1,245 km2)
 • Water 2.16 sq mi (6 km2), 0.45%
Population
 • (2010) 37,963
 • Density 79/sq mi (30.37/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website co.putnam.in.us
Footnotes: Indiana county number 67

Putnam County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 37,963.[1] The county seat is Greencastle.[2] The name is in honor of Israel Putnam, who was a hero in the French and Indian War and a general in the American Revolutionary War.

Putnam County is included in the Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 482.69 square miles (1,250.2 km2), of which 480.53 square miles (1,244.6 km2) (or 99.55%) is land and 2.16 square miles (5.6 km2) (or 0.45%) is water.[3]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Greencastle, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.4
 
34
18
 
 
2.5
 
40
22
 
 
3.6
 
51
32
 
 
3.8
 
63
42
 
 
4.8
 
74
52
 
 
4.3
 
82
61
 
 
5.1
 
86
65
 
 
4.2
 
84
63
 
 
3.3
 
78
56
 
 
3.1
 
66
44
 
 
4
 
52
34
 
 
3.1
 
39
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Greencastle have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.40 inches (61 mm) in January to 5.14 inches (131 mm) in July.[4]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 8,262
1840 16,843 103.9%
1850 18,615 10.5%
1860 20,681 11.1%
1870 21,514 4.0%
1880 22,501 4.6%
1890 22,335 −0.7%
1900 21,478 −3.8%
1910 20,520 −4.5%
1920 19,880 −3.1%
1930 20,448 2.9%
1940 20,839 1.9%
1950 22,950 10.1%
1960 24,927 8.6%
1970 26,932 8.0%
1980 29,163 8.3%
1990 30,315 4.0%
2000 36,019 18.8%
2010 37,963 5.4%
Est. 2012 37,750 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 36,019 people, 12,374 households, and 9,119 families residing in the county. The population density was 75 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 13,505 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.87% White, 2.93% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.6% were of American, 22.8% German, 12.7% English and 11.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 12,374 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.40% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 13.20% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 108.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,882, and the median income for a family was $45,916. Males had a median income of $31,989 versus $22,029 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,163. About 6.40% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.30% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Covered Bridges[edit]

Dunbar Covered Bridge

The Dick Huffman or Webster CB is the furthest south, just off I-70. This route is not at an interstate exit.

Houck CB is out in the country, south of Greencastle. Oakala CB is just a short distance away from Houk CB.

According to the Encyclopedia of Haunted Indiana, the Edna Collins CB is considered to be haunted.[10]

The Dunbar CB is nearest to Greencastle, which can be accessed via US 231 north, under the concrete railroad viaduct.

The Baker's Camp CB is east of Brainbridge on the old US 36.

The Rolling Stone CB which is the next parallel north of US 36. A third covered bridge is one parallel north of the Rolling Stone. This and Pine Bluff CB are on gravel roads.

The Cornstalk CB is the furthest north. It's east of the town of Raccoon, which is just off US 231. It is on a secondary road out of town to the south.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Putnam County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Greencastle, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  6. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Kobrowski, Nicole Encyclopedia of Haunted Indiana 1st Ed. ISBN 978-0-9774130-2-7

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 39°40′N 86°50′W / 39.67°N 86.84°W / 39.67; -86.84