Putney (UK Parliament constituency)

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Putney
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Putney in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 62,153 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Justine Greening (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Wandsworth
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Putney is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by frontbencher Justine Greening of the Conservative Party.

The Putney constituency is usually among the earliest to return a result on many general election nights.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth wards of Putney and Southfields.

1950-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth wards of Fairfield, Putney and Southfields.

1983-1997: The London Borough of Wandsworth wards of East Putney, Parkside, Roehampton, Southfield, Thamesfield, West Hill and West Putney.

2010-: The London Borough of Wandsworth wards of East Putney, Roehampton, Southfields, Thamesfield, West Hill, and West Putney.

History[edit]

Putney in the Parliamentary County of London from 1918 to 1949
Putney in the Parliamentary County of London from 1950 to 1974

When created in 1918 officially as the Putney division of Wandsworth, the constituency was carved out of the former constituency of Wandsworth. The rest of the Wandsworth constituency was divided into Wandsworth Central, Balham and Tooting and Streatham. As across the country, the largely neglected[3] four-word name was officially abolished in 1983 on boundary alterations and replaced by the more commonplace shorthand, Putney.

Putney was held by former Conservative Secretary of State for National Heritage David Mellor from 1979 until 1997, when it was gained by Tony Colman for Labour. This received further media attention as it led to a verbal argument between Mellor and Referendum Party candidate Sir James Goldsmith, who held contrasting views on European integration, during Mellor's vote of thanks.

Putney is also of note for being the first Conservative gain on election night in 2005, when Justine Greening took back the seat from Labour on a two-party swing (Lab-Con) of 6.5%.

Constituency profile[edit]

Putney has long had many desirable properties of South-West London[4] with Southfields in reality a suburb of Wimbledon to the south (Putney therefore contains the All England Club) and the River Thames to the north with Fulham lying across the river with the third tube station just across Putney Bridge.

The majority of the area as in the 19th century is covered by mid-to-high income neighbourhoods[5] whereas the eastern boundary of the seat eating into Wandsworth town centre is more mixed, and Roehampton which has its University consists of, in terms of housing, by a small majority, a diverse council stock that owing to its cost has only fractionally been acquired under the Right to Buy — much of this ward remains in one form or another reliant on social housing.[5]

The local council is not a bellwether of who will win the Putney seat, and for a considerable time has imposed the lowest council tax in the country.[6] Between 1998 and 2005 Putney had a unique attribute of being the only seat in the country where every single component ward elected a full slate of Conservative councillors, yet the constituency had a Labour MP, Tony Colman.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1918 Samuel Samuel Coalition Conservative
1934 by-election Marcus Samuel Conservative
1942 by-election Sir Hugh Linstead Conservative
1964 Hugh Jenkins Labour
1979 David Mellor Conservative
1997 Tony Colman Labour
2005 Justine Greening Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections 1983–2010[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, May 2010 [8]
Electorate: 74,955
Turnout: 40,785 (64.4%) +11.5
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,053 (24.6%) +19.8
Swing: 10.0% from Lab to Con
Justine Greening Conservative 21,223 53.0 +9.7
Stuart King Labour 11,170 27.4 −10.2
James Sandbach Liberal Democrat 6,907 16.9 +0.6
Bruce Mackenzie Green 591 1.4 −1.3
Peter Darby BNP 459 1.1 N/A
Hugo Wareham UKIP 435 1.1 0.0
General election, May 2005 [9]
Electorate: 61,499
Turnout: 36,574 (59.5%) +3.0
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 1,766 (4.8%)
Swing: 6.5% from Lab to Con
Justine Greening Conservative 15,497 42.4 +4.0
Tony Colman Labour 13,731 37.5 −9.0
Jeremy Ambache Liberal Democrat 5,965 16.3 +2.7
Keith Magnum Green 993 2.7 N/A
Anthony Gahan UKIP 388 1.1 +0.1
General election, June 2001 [10]
Electorate: 60,643
Turnout: 34,254 (56.5%) −16.8
Labour hold
Majority: 2,771 (8.1%) +1.3
Swing: 0.6% from Con to Lab
Tony Colman Labour 15,911 46.5 +0.8
Michael Simpson Conservative 13,140 38.4 −0.5
Anthony Burrett Liberal Democrat 4,671 13.6 +2.9
Pat Wild UKIP 347 1.0 +0.5
Yvonne Windsor ProLife Alliance 185 0.5 N/A
General election, May 1997 [11]
New Boundaries
Electorate: 60,015
Turnout: 43,994 (73.3%) −4.6
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 2,976 (6.8%)
Swing: 11.2% from Con to Lab
Tony Colman Labour 20,084 45.6 +9.0
David Mellor Conservative 17,108 38.9 −13.3
Russell Pyne Liberal Democrat 4,739 10.8 +1.2
Sir James Goldsmith Referendum Party 1,518 3.5 N/A
Bill Jamieson UKIP 233 0.5 N/A
Lenny Beige Happiness Stan's Freedom to Party 101 0.2 N/A
Michael Yardley Sportsman's Alliance: Anything but Mellow 90 0.2 N/A
John Small Natural Law 66 0.2 −0.1
Ateeka Poole Independently Beautiful Party 49 0.1 N/A
Dorian Van Braam Renaissance Democrat 7 0.0 N/A
General election, April 1992 [12]
Electorate: 61,914
Turnout: 48,243 (77.9%) +2.0
Conservative hold
Majority: 7,526 (15.6%) +1.2
Swing: 0.6% from Lab to Con
David Mellor Conservative 25,188 52.2 +1.7
Judith Chegwidden Labour 17,662 36.6 +0.5
John Martyn Liberal Democrat 4,636 9.6 −2.8
Keith Hagenbach Green 618 1.3 +0.2
Paul Levy Natural Law 139 0.3 N/A
General election, May 1987 [13]
Electorate: 63,108
Turnout: 76.0%
Conservative hold
Majority: 6,907 (14.4%) +3.7
Swing: 1.9% from Lab to Con
David Mellor Conservative 24,197 50.5 +4.0
Peter Hain Labour 17,290 36.1 +0.2
Sally Harlow Liberal 5,934 12.4 −3.9
Simon Desorgher Green 508 1.1 +0.7
General election, June 1983 [14]
New Boundaries
Electorate: 63,853
Turnout: 46,984 (73.6%) −2.5
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,019 (10.7%) +5.3
Swing: 2.7% from Lab to Con
David Mellor Conservative 21,863 46.5 −0.3
Peter Hain Labour 16,844 35.9 −5.6
Charles Welchman Liberal 7,668 16.3 +6.0
Michael Connolly National Front 290 0.6 −0.8
Rose Baillie-Grohman Ecology 190 0.4 N/A
Leonard Chalk Socialist (GB) 88 0.2 N/A
William Williams Independent 41 0.1 N/A

Elections 1950–1979[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, May 1979 [15]
Electorate: 64,648
Turnout: 49,196 (76.1%) +4.3
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 2,630 (5.4%)
Swing: 5.6% from Lab to Con
David Mellor Conservative 23,040 46.8 +7.4
Hugh Jenkins Labour 20,410 41.49 −3.8
Nicholas Couldrey Liberal 5,061 10.3 −3.7
James Webster National Front 685 1.4 N/A
General election, October 1974 [16]
Electorate: 66,515
Turnout: 47,731 (71.8%) −7.8
Labour hold
Majority: 2,775 (5.8%) +3.1
Swing: 1.5% from Con to Lab
Hugh Jenkins Labour 21,611 45.28 +4.0
Gerard Wade Conservative 18,836 39.5 +0.9
Adrian Slade Liberal 7,159 15.0 −5.2
Thomas Keen More Prosperous Britain 125 0.3 N/A
General election, February 1974 [17]
New boundaries
Electorate: 66,013
Turnout: 52,550 (79.6%) +10.8
Labour hold
Majority: 1,439 (2.7%) +0.1
Swing: 0.05% from Con to Lab
Hugh Jenkins Labour 21,680 41.3 −5.1
Gerard Wade Conservative 20,241 38.5 −7.7
Adrian Slade Liberal 10,629 20.2 +12.7
General election, June 1970 [18]
Electorate: 76,722
Turnout: 52,727 (68.8%) +10.1
Labour hold
Majority: 1,394 (2.6%) −3.7
Swing: 1.8% from Lab to Con
Hugh Jenkins Labour 25,162 47.6 −0.6
John Wakeham Conservative 23,768 45.0 +3.1
Geoffrey Broughton Liberal 3,887 7.4 −2.5
General election, March 1966 [19]
Electorate: 69,870
Turnout: 55,135 (78.9%) +1.9
Labour hold
Majority: 3,487 (6.3%) +3.9
Swing: 2.0% from Con to Lab
Hugh Jenkins Labour 26,601 48.3 +3.3
Sir Hugh Linstead Conservative 23,114 41.9 −0.6
Adrian Slade Liberal 5,420 9.8 −2.7
General election, October 1964 [20]
Electorate: 71,084
Turnout: 54,711 (77.0%) −3.2
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 1,307 (2.4%)
Swing: 5.6% from Con to Lab
Hugh Jenkins Labour 24,581 44.9 +4.7
Sir Hugh Linstead Conservative 23,274 42.54 −6.5
Anthony Cowen Liberal 6,856 12.5 +1.8
General election, October 1959 [21]
Electorate: 71,772
Turnout: 57,517 (80.1%) +4.2
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,121 (8.9%) −5.2
Swing: 2.6% from Con to Lab
Sir Hugh Linstead Conservative 28,236 49.1 −8.0
Dick Taverne Labour 23,115 40.2 −2.7
Michael Burns Liberal 6,166 10.7 N/A
General election, May 1955 [22]
Electorate: 66,776
Turnout: 50,743 (76.0%) −5.9
Conservative hold
Majority: 7,195 (14.2%) +2.5
Swing: 1.3% from Lab to Con
Sir Hugh Linstead Conservative 28,969 57.1 +1.3
Bernard Bagnari Labour 21,774 42.9 −1.3
General election, October 1951 [23]
Electorate: 64,933
Turnout: 53,175 (81.9%) +0.1
Conservative hold
Majority: 6,197 (11.7%) +1.1
Swing: 0.6% from Lab to Con
Hugh Linstead Conservative 29,686 55.83 +4.07
Eric Hutchison Labour 23,489 44.17 +2.93
General election, February 1950 [24]
Electorate: 66,158
Turnout: 54,107 (81.8%) +8.2
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,692 (10.52%) −1.0
Swing: 0.5% from Con to Lab
Hugh Linstead Conservative 28,007 51.76 +3.22
Irene Chaplin Labour 22,315 41.24 +4.24
Beresford Alton Liberal 3,785 7.0 +0.9

Elections 1918–1945[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, July 1945 [25][26]
Changes related to 1935 election, not 1942
Electorate: 45,796[27]
Turnout: 33,696 (75.6%) +5.1
Conservative hold
Majority: 3,887 (11.5%) −21.7
Swing: 10.9% from Con to Lab
Hugh Linstead Conservative 16,356 48.5 −16.6
Percy Stewart Labour 12,469 37.0 +5.1
Sir Richard Acland, Bt. Common Wealth 2,686 8.0 N/A
Isaac Hyam Liberal 2,041 6.1 N/A
Eleonara Tennant Independent 144 0.4 N/A
By-election, May 1942 [26]
Death of Marcus Samuel
Electorate: 51,066
Turnout: 11,727 (23.0%) −43.5
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,849 (49.8%) +16.6
Hugh Linstead Conservative 8,788 74.9 +9.8
Bernard Acworth Independent 2,939 25.1 N/A
General election, November 1935 [26]
Changes related to 1931 election, not 1934
Electorate: 49,901
Turnout: 34,204 (68.5%) +2.2
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,393 (33.2%) −30.0
Swing: 15.0% from Lab to Con
Marcus Samuel Conservative 22,288 65.1 −16.5
Andrew Watson Labour 10,895 31.9 +13.5
Violet Van der Elst Independent 1,021 3.0 N/A
By-election, November 1934 [26]
Death of Samuel Samuel
Electorate: 49,642
Turnout: 28,535 (57.5%) −8.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 2,663 (9.4%) −53.8
Swing: 26.9% from Con to Lab
Marcus Samuel Conservative 15,599 54.7 −26.9
Edith Summerskill Labour 12,936 45.3 +26.9
General election, October 1931 [26]
Electorate: 50,538
Turnout: 33,490 (66.3%) +4.2
Conservative hold
Majority: 21,146 (63.2%) +25.6
Swing: 17.8% from Lab to Con
Samuel Samuel Conservative 27,318 81.6 +17.8
John Lawder Labour 6,172 18.4 −17.8
General election, October 1929 [26]
Electorate: 49,594
Turnout: 30,793 (62.1%) −6.3
Conservative hold
Majority: 8,521 (27.6%) −17.2
Swing: 9.6% from Con to Lab
Samuel Samuel Conservative 19,657 63.8 −9.6
John Lawder Labour 11,136 36.2 +9.6
General election, October 1924 [26]
Electorate: 35,030
Turnout: 23,950 (68.4%)
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,732 (44.8%)
Samuel Samuel Conservative 17,341 72.4
John Allen Labour 6,609 27.6 N/A
General election, December 1923 [26] Conservative hold Samuel Samuel Conservative unopposed
General election, November 1922 [26]
Electorate: 33,346
Turnout: 20,612 (61.8%) +18.4
Conservative hold
Majority: 4,183 (20.2%) −7.0
Samuel Samuel Conservative 9,739 47.2 −16.4
Brigadier-General Cyril Prescott-Decie Independent Conservative 5,556 27.0 N/A
Henry Higgs Liberal 5,317 25.8 N/A
General election, December 1918 [26]
New constituency
Electorate: 31,437
Turnout: 13,645 (43.4%)
Coalition Conservative win
Majority: 3,709 (27.2%)
Samuel Samuel Coalition Conservative 8,677 63.6
Hon. John Jenkins National Party 4,968 36.4

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ BBC1 Election Night 2005 programme, Thursday 5 May 2005
  3. ^ Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Hugh Jenkins for example, contributions
  4. ^ Booth's Poverty Map of London 1898-99 See Gold/yellow and Red categorisations
  5. ^ a b 2001 Census
  6. ^ 'Council Tax in England to Rise by Record Low'BBC News 24 March 2010
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ "UK General Election results May 2010". Political Science Resourcess. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "UK General Election results May 2005". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  10. ^ "Putney: General Election result, June 2001". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "Putney: General Election result, May 1997". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  12. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Political Science Resourcess. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  14. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  15. ^ "UK General Election results May 1979". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results October 1974". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results February 1974". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  18. ^ "UK General Election results June 1970". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  19. ^ "UK General Election results March 1966". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  20. ^ "UK General Election results October 1964". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  21. ^ "UK General Election results October 1959". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  22. ^ "UK General Election results May 1955". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  23. ^ "UK General Election results October 1951". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  24. ^ "UK General Election results February 1950". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  25. ^ "UK General Election results July 1945". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 58. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  27. ^ The electorate in 1945 was composed of 40,886 on the Civilian Residence Register, 50 on the Business Premises Register, and 4,860 on the Service Register

Coordinates: 51°27′14″N 0°13′26″W / 51.454°N 0.224°W / 51.454; -0.224