|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)|
|Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya
ولايه ڤرسكوتوان ڤوتراجايا
|Motto: Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari
(Garden City, Intelligent City)
|Establishment||19 October 1995|
|1 February 2001|
|• Administered by||Perbadanan Putrajaya
|• Chairman||Aseh Che Mat|
|• Total||49 km2 (19 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC)|
|Mean solar time||UTC+06:46:40|
Putrajaya is a planned city, located 25 km south of Kuala Lumpur, that serves as the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The seat of government was shifted in 1999 from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya, due to the overcrowding and congestion in the Kuala Lumpur areas. Nevertheless, Kuala Lumpur remains Malaysia's national capital, being the seat of the King and Parliament, as well as the country's commercial and financial centre. Putrajaya was the brainchild of former Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohammad. In 2001, Putrajaya became Malaysia's third Federal Territory after Kuala Lumpur and Labuan.
Named after the first Malaysian Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra, the city is situated within the Multimedia Super Corridor, beside the recently developed Cyberjaya. In Malay/Sanskrit, the words "putra" or "putera" means "prince" or "male child" ("girl child" is called "Putri" in Sanskrit), and "jaya" means "success" or "victory". The development of Putrajaya started in early 1990s, and today major landmarks have been completed and the population is expected to grow in the near future.
History and design
Putrajaya, which was originally Prang Besar ڤراڠ بسر, was opened in 1918 as Air Hitam by the British. Its original land space was 800 acres (3.2 km2), which was later expanded to 8,000 acres (32 km2). Prang Besar later expanded and merged with its surrounding estates such as Estet Raja Alang, Estet Galloway and Estet Bukit Prang.
The vision to have a new Federal Government Administrative Centre to replace Kuala Lumpur as the administrative capital emerged in the late 1980s, during the tenure of Malaysia's 4th Prime Minister, Dr. Mahathir Bin Mohamad. The new city was proposed to be located between Kuala Lumpur and the new KL International Airport (KLIA).
The Federal government negotiated with the state of Selangor on the prospect of another Federal Territory and in the mid-1990s, the Federal government paid a substantial amount of money to Selangor for approximately 11,320 acres (45.8 km2) of land in Prang Besar, Selangor. As a result of this land purchase, the state of Selangor now completely surrounds two Federal Territories within its borders, namely Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya.
Planned as a garden and intelligent city, 38% of the area is reserved for green spaces by emphasising the enhancement of natural landscape. A network of open spaces and wide boulevards were incorporated to the plan. Construction began in August 1995 and it was Malaysia's biggest project and one of Southeast Asia's largest with estimated final cost of US$ 8.1 billion. The entire project was designed and constructed by Malaysian companies with only 10% of the materials imported.
The Asian Financial Crisis of 1997/1998 had somewhat slowed the development of Putrajaya. In 1999, 300 staff members of the Prime Minister's office moved to Putrajaya and the remaining government servants moved in 2005. On 1 February 2001 Tun Dr. Mahathir declared Putrajaya as a Federal Territory with the ceremony of handing over Putrajaya township from the Selangor state authorities.
In 2002, a rail link called KLIA Transit was opened, linking Putrajaya to both Kuala Lumpur and KL International Airport in Sepang. However, construction of the Putrajaya Monorail which was intended to be the city's metro system, was suspended due to costs. One of the monorail suspension bridges in Putrajaya remains unused.
In 2007, the population of Putrajaya was estimated to be over 30,000, which comprised mainly government servants. Government servants have been encouraged to relocate to the city through a variety of government subsidy and loan programs.
Public buildings and monuments
- Perdana Putra – office of the Prime Minister
- Seri Perdana – official residence of the Prime Minister
- Sri Satria - official residence of the Deputy Prime Minister
- Palace of Justice
- Putrajaya Ministry of Finance
- Wisma Putra – Malaysian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
- Melawati National Palace
- Istana Darul Ehsan
- Putrajaya Convention Centre
- Perdana Leadership Foundation
- Heritage Square
- Selera Putra
- Souq Putrajaya
- Pusat Kejiranan Presint 9
- Pusat Kejiranan Presint 16
- Putra Mosque
- Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Mosque (Iron Mosque (Masjid Besi))
Education in Putrajaya is provided by a few schools such as:
- SMK Putrajaya Presint 8 (1)
- Kompleks Sekolah Presint 9, Fasa 1.
- Kompleks Sekolah Presint 9, Fasa 2.
- Kompleks Sekolah Presint 16, Fasa 1.
- Kompleks Sekolah Presint 16, Fasa 2.
- Kompleks Sekolah Presint 11(1).
There is also an elite fully residential school in Putrajaya
Perdana University have established an interim campus in Putrajaya which hosts the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (PUGSOM) and the Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (PU-RCSI) medical schools.
- Johns Hopkins University in Malaysia.
- Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (PU-RCSI).
Putrajaya is home to the world's largest roundabout with a diameter of 3.5 km. (2.7 miles)
This is a list of bridges in Putrajaya.
- Seri Perdana Bridge
- Putra Bridge
- Seri Wawasan Bridge
- Seri Bakti Bridge
- Seri Saujana Bridge
- Seri Bestari Bridge
- Seri Setia Bridge
- Seri Gemilang Bridge
- Monorail Suspension Bridge
Major highways in Putrajaya
- Persiaran Persekutuan
- Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah
- Persiaran Utara
- Lebuh Sentosa
- Persiaran Barat
- Persiaran Selatan
- Persiaran Timur
- Persiaran Perdana (Boulevard)
The Prime Minister's office at Perdana Putra
Interior view of the Seri Wawasan Bridge
Seri Saujana Bridge at night
- "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 27. Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. iv. Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- "2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia" (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Retrieved 2012-06-17.
- King, Ross: Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya: Negotiating Urban Space in Malaysia, Nias Press, 2008
Media related to Putrajaya at Wikimedia Commons
- Putrajaya travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Traveller's guide to Putrajaya written and maintained by locals
- Official Site of Putrajaya
- State Development Office – State Development Office Wilayah Persekutuan
- Intelligent City Online