Putten

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Putten
Municipality
Street in Putten
Street in Putten
Flag of Putten
Flag
Coat of arms of Putten
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Putten in a municipal map of Gelderland
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates: 52°16′N 5°36′E / 52.267°N 5.600°E / 52.267; 5.600Coordinates: 52°16′N 5°36′E / 52.267°N 5.600°E / 52.267; 5.600
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Henk Lambooij (SGP)
Area[2]
 • Total 87.41 km2 (33.75 sq mi)
 • Land 85.12 km2 (32.87 sq mi)
 • Water 2.29 km2 (0.88 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 17 m (56 ft)
Population (January 2014)[4]
 • Total 24,044
 • Density 282/km2 (730/sq mi)
Demonym Puttenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 3880–3882
Area code 0341
Website www.putten.nl

Putten (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a town in Gelderland province in the middle of the Netherlands. It had a population of 24,044 in 2014. It is located in the coastal area of the old Zuiderzee (Southern Sea). To the east of Putten lies the Veluwe, the biggest national park of the Netherlands. To the north, east and west, Putten is surrounded by farmlands.

Population centres[edit]

Bijsteren, Diermen, Gerven, Halvinkhuizen, Hell, Hoef, Huinen, Koudhoorn, Krachtighuizen, Putten, Steenenkamer and Veenhuizerveld.

Topography[edit]

2013-Putten.jpg

Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Putten, 2013.

History[edit]

Until World War II[edit]

The oldest official paper in which Putten is mentioned dates back to 855. Small settlements, however, were already built during the Roman era. After the founding of the present main church in the 10th century, the community becomes the centre of several smaller settlements. Also parts of Nijkerk and Voorthuizen became part of the Putten area, until in 1530 Nijkerk, and later also Voorthuizen, became independent communities.

Until 1356, when a dyke was built, the coastline changed frequently, overflowing agricultural land in the west of Putten. The water was still a threat however, and the dyke broke through several times. The last major flood was in 1916, when large parts of Putten were flooded. After the Afsluitdijk was built in the north of the Netherlands, the Zuiderzee became a lake (1927-1933) and no longer posed a threat.

Agriculture has always been a major source of income in Putten. Also the manufacturing of paper was important in the 17th-19th century. From the end of the 19th century tourism emerged, helped by the connection by rail since 1863. This made it easier for people from other towns to retreat in the boarding houses that Putten had built. Among those people from elsewhere were also the ones who suffered from tuberculosis and similar diseases. They benefited from the sunlight and clean air and retreated in the several sanatoria.

Putten has suffered considerably from military violence. During the 15th, 16th and 17th century Putten has been burned down on at least five occasions.

Vrouwtje van Putten Herdenkingshof (Lady of Putten Memorialgarden).
War monument at the church of Putten.

World War II Nazi warcrime[edit]

Main article: Putten raid

One of the biggest Nazi raids to be held in the Netherlands during World War II took place in Putten. On 1 October and 2 October 1944, 661 men and boys, the majority of the male population, were deported from the town and 602 of them were sent to work in concentration camps such as Neuengamme and Birkenau. Only 49 returned after the war. Following the war, two of the responsible officers were tried and convicted for the crime. The raids were a retaliatory measure for an attack by the local resistance, that killed one Wehrmacht officer near Nijkerk. The first and second of October are still commemorated every year.

Total number of men deported 661
Released in Amersfoort 59
Deported to Neuengamme 602
Jumped out of the train on the way to Neuengamme 13
Arrived in Neuengamme 589
Returned to Putten after liberation 49
Died in German concentration camps 540
Killed during the raid 7
Died shortly after the return 5
Total number of deaths 552

Economy[edit]

Today agriculture is still important in Putten, but the main sector now is services. There are considerable amounts of shops, and tourism is important. Tourist are attracted by the varied landscape and the beach at the Ringlake. Every Wednesday there is a produce and food market that is the biggest in the North-West Veluwe area.

Transport[edit]

Putten lies next to the A28 highway that connects Utrecht with the north. The town has a train station on the line between Utrecht and Zwolle. There are also bus connections.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burgemeester H.A. Lambooij" [Mayor H.A. Lambooij] (in Dutch). Gemeente Putten. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 3881BZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 

External links[edit]