Puviraja Pandaram

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Pararacacekaran VII
King of Jaffna
Jaffna Royal family 280x190.jpg
Second from the left is Puviraja Pandaram
Reign 1561–1565
1582–1591
Full name Puviraja Pandaram
Tamil புவிராஜ பண்டாரம்
Died 1591 (1592)
Predecessor Cankili I (Cekaracacekaran VII)
Periyapillai (Cekaracacekaran VIII)
Successor Periyapillai (Cekaracacekaran VIII)
Ethirimana Cinkam (Pararacacekaran VIII)
Royal house Aryacakravarti dynasty
Father Cankili I (Cekaracacekaran VII)

Puviraja Pandaram (Tamil: புவிராஜ பண்டாரம்) (died 1591) ruled the Jaffna kingdom during a period of chaos during and after the death of his father Cankili I in 1565. He became king in 1561 following a local uprising against Cankili I. Although he was the nominal king, Cankili I wielded real power behind the throne until his death in 1565. After Cankili's death, Puviraja Pandaram lost power to one Kasi Nainar and Periyapillai. After the death or abdication of Periyapillai in 1582, Puviraja Pandarm was nominated as the king for the second time.[1][2]

During his second tenure he attempted to wrest the control of the pearl-rich Mannar Island from the Portuguese by attacking the fort by sea and land. He was defeated in both attempts.[2]

After the occupation of Kandy by Rajasinha I of Sitawaka, Puviraja Pandaram gave refuge and protection to the sole surviving member of the Kandyan Royal family, the infant, Princess Kusumasana, who was baptized, as Dona Catherina (The daughter of Karaliedde Bandara).[3]

Eventually Puviraja Pandaram was killed[4] in a battle during the second Portuguese expedition against Jaffna Kingdom led by André Furtado de Mendonça in 1591. He was succeeded by his son Ethirimana Cinkam.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kunarasa, K The Jaffna Dynasty, p.84
  2. ^ a b c Nadarajan, V History of Ceylon Tamils, p.90
  3. ^ She later traveled with the Portuguese General Conquistador Pedro Lopez De Souza from Mannar to Kandy where she was placed on the throne. The Emperor Vimaladharmasuriya I defeated the Portuguese who had occupied Kandy and seized and married 12 year old Dona Catherina who was his cousin. Later two of Dona Catherina's sons, Vijayapala and Kumarasimha, traveled to South India and married two princesses from Jaffna (nieces of Cankili II), who were living there, after fleeing Portuguese aggression in Jaffna
  4. ^ Abeyasinghe, T Jaffna under the Portuguese, p.3

References[edit]

  • Nadarajan, Vasantha (1999). History of Ceylon Tamils. Toronto: Vasantham. p. 146. 
  • Kunarasa, K (2003). The Jaffna Dynasty. Johor Bahru: Dynasty of Jaffna King’s Historical Society. p. 122. ISBN 955-8455-00-8. 
  • Abeysinghe, Tikiri (2005). Jaffna under the Portuguese. Colombo: Stamford Lake. p. 66. ISBN 955-1131-70-1. 
Preceded by
Cankili I
Jaffna kingdom
Royal Flag of the Jaffna Kingdom.svg

1561–1565
Succeeded by
Ethirimana Cinkam
Preceded by
Periyapillai
Jaffna kingdom
Royal Flag of the Jaffna Kingdom.svg

1582–1591