Puya (genus)

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Puya
Puya berteroana.jpg
Puya berteroniana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Pitcairnioideae
Genus: Puya
Molina

Puya is a genus of the botanical family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Pitcairnioideae. These terrestrial plants are native to the Andes Mountains of South America and southern Central America. Many of the species are monocarpic, with the parent plant dying after one flower and seed production event.

The species Puya raimondii is notable as the largest species of bromeliad known, reaching 3 m tall in vegetative growth with a flower spike 9–10 m tall. The other species are also large, with the flower spikes mostly reaching 1–4 m tall.

The name "Puya" was derived from the Mapuche Indian word meaning "point".

The genus is commonly divided into two subgenera, Puya, containing 8 species, and Puyopsis containing the remainder. The subgenera can be distinguished by the presence of a sterile inflorescence at the branch apex in Puya, which are fertile in Puyopsis.[1]

Species[edit]

Puya goudotiana, Páramo of Guasca, Colombia

Cultivation and Use[edit]

Some species of Puya in Chile are locally known as chagual, and they are used to make salads from the base of its young leaves. A common species is Puya chilensis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hornung-Leoni, Claudia; Sosa, Victoria (2008). "Morphological phylogenetics of Puya subgenus Puya (Bromeliaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 156: 93–110. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2007.00740.x. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 

External links[edit]