Rhampholeon is a genus of small chameleons, commonly known as pygmy chameleons or African leaf chameleons, found in central East Africa (extending slightly into adjacent DR Congo). They are found in forests, woodlands, thickets, and savanna, and most species are restricted to highlands. They are brown, grey, or green, and typically seen at low levels in bushes, or on the ground among grasses or leaf litter.
Until recently, the members of the genus Rieppeleon were commonly included in Rhampholeon, instead.
- Rhampholeon acuminatus
- Rhampholeon beraduccii
- Rhampholeon boulengeri, Boulenger's pygmy chameleon
- Rhampholeon bruessoworum
- Rhampholeon chapmanorum
- Rhampholeon marshalli, Marshall's pygmy chameleon
- Rhampholeon maspictus
- Rhampholeon moyeri
- Rhampholeon nchisiensis, pitless pygmy chameleon
- Rhampholeon nebulauctor
- Rhampholeon platyceps
- Rhampholeon spectrum, spectral pygmy chameleon
- Rhampholeon spinosus, rosette-nosed chameleon
- Rhampholeon temporalis, Usambara pitted pygmy chameleon
- Rhampholeon tilburyi
- Rhampholeon uluguruensis, Uluguru pygmy chameleon
- Rhampholeon viridis
- Branch, W.R., Bayliss, J. & Tolley, K.A. (2014). "Pygmy chameleons of the Rhampholeon platyceps compex (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae): Description of four new species from isolated ‘sky islands’ of northern Mozambique". Zootaxa 3814: 1–36.
- Spawls, S.; Drewes, R.; Ashe, J. (2002). A Field Guide to the Reptiles of East Africa. Köln: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-656470-1.
- Tilbury, Colin (2010). Chameleons of Africa, An Atlas including the chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Frankfurt: Edition Chimaira.
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