Pyhtää

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pyhtää
PyhtääPyttis
Municipality
Pyhtään kunta
Pyttis kommun
The medieval St. Henry's church
The medieval St. Henry's church
Coat of arms of Pyhtää
Coat of arms
Location of Pyhtää in Finland
Location of Pyhtää in Finland
Coordinates: 60°30′N 026°33′E / 60.500°N 26.550°E / 60.500; 26.550Coordinates: 60°30′N 026°33′E / 60.500°N 26.550°E / 60.500; 26.550
Country Finland
Region Kymenlaakso
Sub-region Kotka-Hamina sub-region
Founded ca. 1380
Government
 • Municipality manager Olli Ikonen
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 780.96 km2 (301.53 sq mi)
 • Land 324.72 km2 (125.38 sq mi)
 • Water 456.24 km2 (176.16 sq mi)
Area rank 151st largest in Finland
Population (2014-09-30)[2]
 • Total 5,367
 • Rank 182nd largest in Finland
 • Density 16.53/km2 (42.8/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 88.3% (official)
 • Swedish 9.6% (official)
 • Others 2.1%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 17.3%
 • 15 to 64 63.5%
 • 65 or older 19.1%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.75%
Website www.pyhtaa.fi

Pyhtää (Swedish: Pyttis) is a municipality of Finland.

Overview[edit]

It is located in the Kymenlaakso region. The municipality has a population of 5,367 (30 September 2014)[2] and covers an area of 780.96 square kilometres (301.53 sq mi) of which 456.24 km2 (176.16 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 16.53 inhabitants per square kilometre (42.8/sq mi).

The medieval church of Pyhtää. Lithography by Johan Knutson, mid 19th century.

The medieval church (as opposed to the municipality) is situated in the village of Itäkirkonkylä ("East Church Village"). During the Reformation, the rather beautiful and moving pictures on the walls were whitewashed over. Some years ago, they were rediscovered and the whitewash removed. The village lies just to the East of the westernmost tributary of the Kymi River and was at one time on the border between Russia and Sweden established by the Treaty of Åbo in 1743. Indeed, on the Western side of the river is a municipality called Ruotsinpyhtää ("Swedish Pyhtää") known as Strömfors in Swedish.

The municipality is bilingual with 88.3% speaking Finnish, 9.6% Swedish and 2.1% other languages as their first language.[3]

Villages[edit]

Twinnings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.09.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Sõprusvallad" (in Estonian). Haljala vald. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 

External links[edit]