Pylons project

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pylons Project
Pylons Logo.svg
Web address www.pylonsproject.org
Commercial? No
Type of site Python framework development
Registration none
Available in English
Owner Open source
Editor Anonymous
Launched December 27, 2010 (2010-12-27)
Current status Active

Pylons Project is an open source project that develops a set of web application frameworks written in Python. Initially the project was little more than a single web framework but with the merger repoze.bfg framework under the new name Pyramid, the Pylons project now consists of multiple web application frameworks.

Pylons Framework[edit]

Pylons Framework
Pylonsfw.png
Developer(s) Ben Bangert, James Gardner
Initial release September 2005 (2005-09)[1]
Stable release 1.0.1[2] / August 13, 2012 (2012-08-13)
Written in Python
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Web application framework
License BSD license
Website www.pylonsproject.org/projects/pylons-framework/about

Pylons Framework is an open source Web application framework written in Python. It makes extensive use of the Web Server Gateway Interface standard to promote reusability and to separate functionality into distinct modules.[3] It is strongly influenced by Ruby on Rails: two of its main components, Routes and WebHelpers, are Python reimplementations of Rails features.

Structure[edit]

Pylons is well known for having a near-complete stack of third-party tools, eschewing the "not–invented–here" phenomenon.

Installation, dependencies, and setup[edit]

The official installation method of Pylons is through EasyInstall via the Python Package Index (pypi), and most of the additional tools are typically installed the same way. EasyInstall also handles package dependencies when relevant. Some distributions could also package Pylons and Paste, but it is likely that any distribution's packages would lag the official distribution. Pylons may also be installed by hand by renaming its .egg file to .zip and extracting the contents.

Paste is used for project setup, testing, and deployment. Using the common INI configuration format, Paste allows for multiple "profiles", so that developers can run development and deployment setups from the same codebase without revealing sensitive parts of Pylons, such as the interactive debugger, to production users.

URL dispatch[edit]

Currently the only widely used URL dispatcher for Pylons is Routes, a Python reimplementation of Ruby on Rails' URL dispatching, although any WSGI-compatible URL dispatcher can be used. While Routes is a separate library, it was developed for use in Pylons and its development remains closely in sync with Pylons.

HTML generation[edit]

Another piece of Rails adapted for Pylons is WebHelpers, which provides URL mapping based on the Routes configuration. WebHelpers also provides some utility functions for generating JavaScript code making use of the script.aculo.us and Prototype libraries.

FormEncode and FormBuild are used for HTML form validation and generation; there has been some use of Mako for form generation using Mako's inheritance model.

Templating[edit]

Myghty was the default Pylons templating language, but as of version 0.9.6 it has been replaced by Mako.[4] Both templating languages are text-based (as opposed to XML-based), and support includes, inheritance and embedding arbitrary Python code.

Because of Pylons' loosely coupled layers, other templating languages can be used as well. Genshi, an XML-based templating language, can be used in lieu of either Mako or Myghty.[5]

Database abstraction and object-relational mapping[edit]

Pylons has no default database library. Both SQLObject and SQLAlchemy are known to be used.

Merger with repoze.bfg and birth of Pyramid Web Framework[edit]

Pylons has developed into the Pylons Project, and the old code from Pylons 1.0 is being supported indefinitely. However, pursuant to the project's merger with repoze.bfg since November 2010, newer versions of Pylons are actually different from the original Pylons 1.0. Pylons developers initially planned to rewrite certain portions of the code but they observed that the new code was approximating to repoze.bfg, which led the merger of Pylons and repoze.bfg.[6][7] This led to repoze.bfg (a part of the Repoze Python-based web framework) to become rebranded and relaunched as the Pyramid web framework.[8]

Pyramid[edit]

Pyramid
Pyramid Logo.svg
Developer(s) Chris McDonough, Ben Bangert
Initial release July 8, 2008 (2008-07-08)[9]
Stable release 1.5.1 / May 31, 2014; 3 months ago (2014-05-31)[10]
Preview release 1.5 / April 8, 2014; 5 months ago (2014-04-08)[11]
Written in Python
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Web application framework
License BSD License
Website www.pylonsproject.org/projects/pyramid/about

Pyramid is an open source web framework written in Python and is based on WSGI. It is a minimalistic web framework inspired by Zope, Pylons and Django.[12]

Originally called "repoze.bfg", Pyramid gathered attention mostly in the Zope[13] and Plone community as the Open Society Institute's KARL project migrated from Plone to BFG.[14] In 2010 it was announced that the Pylons framework will move over to using BFG as a base in version 1.5.[15] As a result of the inclusion of BFG into the Pylons project, BFG was renamed Pyramid.[16]

Features[edit]

Pyramid is a minimalistic, platform-independent MVC object publishing web framework. It is persistence agnostic and is integrated both with SQL databases via SQLAlchemy, but also has integration with the Zope Object Database and other NoSQL databases, such as CouchDB.[12]

Pyramid also allows you to define routes that take regular expressions that map to objects, like most other frameworks. Like its fellow framework Zope, Pyramid also allows hierarchical object traversal, where each part of a URL is an object containing other objects, in a way that is similar to folders.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Pylons
  2. ^ Pylons Changelog
  3. ^ The mod_wsgi project includes both Pylons and Pyramid in its list of supported major Python web frameworks.
  4. ^ Haas, Christoph Beginning Pylons. Retrieved July 5, 2007
  5. ^ Genshi Wiki Pylons with Genshi Retrieved July 5, 2007
  6. ^ Pylons Project FAQ. URL: http://docs.pylonsproject.org/en/latest/faq/pylonsproject.html#what-does-the-pylons-project-mean-for-pylons-the-web-framework
  7. ^ Notes on the Pylons and repoze.bfg merger. URL: http://be.groovie.org/post/1558848023/notes-on-the-pylons-repoze-bfg-merger
  8. ^ About Pyramid. URL: http://www.pylonsproject.org/projects/pyramid/about
  9. ^ BFG_HISTORY.txt
  10. ^ "Pyramid Change History". 
  11. ^ "Pyramid Change History". 
  12. ^ a b Chris McDonough. "repoze.bfg introduction". Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  13. ^ Gary Poster (2010-09-17). "Zope Summit, DZUG, repoze.bfg". Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  14. ^ Thomas Moroz, Chris Rossi & Calvin Hendryx-Parker (2009-10-28). KARL - large-scale Knowledge Management. Budapest, Hungary: Plone Conference 2009. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  15. ^ Ben Bangert (2010-09-18). "Emails explaining the Pylons 2 structure". Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  16. ^ "repoze.bfg is now Pyramid". Retrieved 2011-01-03. 
  17. ^ Wichert Akkerman (2009-10-28). Lessons from other frameworks. Budapest, Hungary: Plone Conference 2009. Event occurs at 25:50. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Packages used by the default Pylons installation, or popular additions[edit]

  • Mako - Default templating engine for Pylons
  • Myghty - URL Dispatch, Controllers, Caching, Templating and more
  • Python Paste - Project setup, testing, and deployment
  • WebOb - Request and Response objects
  • EasyInstall - Installation and package dependencies
  • Routes - Routing implementation based on Rails routes
  • FormEncode - Validation and form generation
  • WebHelpers - HTML Helper functions
  • SQLAlchemy - Object Relational Mapper