|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (August 2012)|
Type of site
|Python framework development|
|Launched||December 27, 2010|
Pylons Project is an open source project that develops a set of web application frameworks written in Python. Initially the project was little more than a single web framework but with the merger repoze.bfg framework under the new name Pyramid, the Pylons project now consists of multiple web application frameworks.
- 1 Pylons Framework
- 2 Pyramid
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
|Developer(s)||Ben Bangert, James Gardner|
|Initial release||September 2005|
|Stable release||1.0.1 / August 13, 2012|
|Preview release||1.0.2 / January 26, 2015|
|Type||Web application framework|
Pylons Framework is an open source Web application framework written in Python. It makes extensive use of the Web Server Gateway Interface standard to promote reusability and to separate functionality into distinct modules. It is strongly influenced by Ruby on Rails: two of its main components, Routes and WebHelpers, are Python reimplementations of Rails features.
Pylons is well known for having a near-complete stack of third-party tools, eschewing the "not–invented–here" phenomenon.
Installation, dependencies, and setup
The official installation method of Pylons is through EasyInstall via the Python Package Index (pypi), and most of the additional tools are typically installed the same way. EasyInstall also handles package dependencies when relevant. Some distributions could also package Pylons and Paste, but it is likely that any distribution's packages would lag the official distribution. Pylons may also be installed by hand by renaming its .egg file to .zip and extracting the contents.
Paste is used for project setup, testing, and deployment. Using the common INI configuration format, Paste allows for multiple "profiles", so that developers can run development and deployment setups from the same codebase without revealing sensitive parts of Pylons, such as the interactive debugger, to production users.
Currently the only widely used URL dispatcher for Pylons is Routes, a Python reimplementation of Ruby on Rails' URL dispatching, although any WSGI-compatible URL dispatcher can be used. While Routes is a separate library, it was developed for use in Pylons and its development remains closely in sync with Pylons.
FormEncode and FormBuild are used for HTML form validation and generation; there has been some use of Mako for form generation using Mako's inheritance model.
Myghty was the default Pylons templating language, but as of version 0.9.6 it has been replaced by Mako. Both templating languages are text-based (as opposed to XML-based), and support includes, inheritance and embedding arbitrary Python code.
Database abstraction and object-relational mapping
Merger with repoze.bfg and birth of Pyramid Web Framework
Pylons has developed into the Pylons Project, and the old code from Pylons 1.0 is being supported indefinitely. However, pursuant to the project's merger with repoze.bfg since November 2010, newer versions of Pylons are actually different from the original Pylons 1.0. Pylons developers initially planned to rewrite certain portions of the code but they observed that the new code was approximating to repoze.bfg, which led the merger of Pylons and repoze.bfg. This led to repoze.bfg (a part of the Repoze Python-based web framework) to become rebranded and relaunched as the Pyramid web framework.
|Developer(s)||Chris McDonough, Ben Bangert|
|Initial release||July 8, 2008|
|Stable release||1.5.7 / April 28, 2015|
|Preview release||1.6a1 / April 14, 2015|
|Type||Web application framework|
Originally called "repoze.bfg", Pyramid gathered attention mostly in the Zope and Plone community as the Open Society Institute's KARL project migrated from Plone to BFG. In 2010 it was announced that the Pylons framework will move over to using BFG as a base in version 1.5. As a result of the inclusion of BFG into the Pylons project, BFG was renamed Pyramid.
Pyramid is a minimalistic, platform-independent MVC object publishing web framework. It is persistence agnostic and is integrated both with SQL databases via SQLAlchemy, but also has integration with the Zope Object Database and other NoSQL databases, such as CouchDB.
Pyramid also allows you to define routes that take regular expressions that map to objects, like most other frameworks. Like its fellow framework Zope, Pyramid also allows hierarchical object traversal, where each part of a URL is an object containing other objects, in a way that is similar to folders.
- Comparison of web application frameworks
- Zope: another Python web application framework development project
- TurboGears: a derivative project, built on top of Pylons
- Django: a Python web application framework
- History of Pylons
- Pylons Changelog
- The mod_wsgi project includes both Pylons and Pyramid in its list of supported major Python web frameworks.
- Haas, Christoph Beginning Pylons. Retrieved July 5, 2007
- Genshi Wiki Pylons with Genshi Retrieved July 5, 2007
- Pylons Project FAQ. URL: http://docs.pylonsproject.org/en/latest/faq/pylonsproject.html#what-does-the-pylons-project-mean-for-pylons-the-web-framework
- Notes on the Pylons and repoze.bfg merger. URL: http://be.groovie.org/post/1558848023/notes-on-the-pylons-repoze-bfg-merger
- About Pyramid. URL: http://www.pylonsproject.org/projects/pyramid/about
- "repoze.bfg Change History".
- "Pyramid 1.5 Change History".
- "Pyramid 1.6 Change History".
- Chris McDonough. "repoze.bfg introduction". Retrieved 2010-09-21.
- Gary Poster (2010-09-17). "Zope Summit, DZUG, repoze.bfg". Retrieved 2010-09-21.
- Thomas Moroz, Chris Rossi & Calvin Hendryx-Parker (2009-10-28). KARL - large-scale Knowledge Management. Budapest, Hungary: Plone Conference 2009. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
- Ben Bangert (2010-09-18). "Emails explaining the Pylons 2 structure". Retrieved 2010-09-21.
- "repoze.bfg is now Pyramid". Retrieved 2011-01-03.
- Wichert Akkerman (2009-10-28). Lessons from other frameworks. Budapest, Hungary: Plone Conference 2009. Event occurs at 25:50. Retrieved 2010-09-21.
- Gardner, James (January 2009). The Definitive Guide to Pylons. Berkeley, CA: Apress. doi:10.1007/978-1-4302-0534-0. ISBN 978-1-59059-934-1.
- Pylons Project
- Pylons Project FAQ
- Pylons Project History
- pylons-discuss on Google Groups
Packages used by the default Pylons installation, or popular additions
- Mako - Default templating engine for Pylons
- Myghty - URL Dispatch, Controllers, Caching, Templating and more
- Python Paste - Project setup, testing, and deployment
- WebOb - Request and Response objects
- EasyInstall - Installation and package dependencies
- Routes - Routing implementation based on Rails routes
- FormEncode - Validation and form generation
- WebHelpers - HTML Helper functions
- SQLAlchemy - Object Relational Mapper