Pyongui Line

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Pyongui Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised Romanization Pyeonguiseon
McCune–Reischauer P'yŏngŭisŏn
P'yŏngŭi Line
Overview
Native name 평의선
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
Passenger/Freight
Termini Pyongyang
Sinuiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Stations 31
Operation
Opening 1905 (The first opening)
1 April 1908 (The opening for passengers)
31 October 1939 (Ryongch'ŏn – South Sinuiju)
1 April 1943 (Yŏmju – Ryongch'ŏn)
Owner Korean State Railway
Operator(s) Korean State Railway
Technical
Line length 225.1 km (139.9 mi)
No. of tracks Double track (P'yŏngyang – Kalli, Ŏpa – Sukch'ŏn, South Sinuiju – Sinuiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn)
Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 3000 V DC Catenary
Route map
P'yŏngbu Line
0.0 P'yŏngyang
P'yŏngnam Line
4.7 West P'yŏngyang
11.1 Sŏp'o
Ryongsong Line
19.0 Kalli
P'yŏngra Line, Sijong Line
25.2 Sunan
33.5 T'aegam
Pyongyang/Pyongwon
41.1 Ŏp'a
Pyongwon/Sukchon
51.9 Sukch'ŏn
Sukchon/Mundok
Nisŏ Closed
62.2 Mundŏk
Sŏhae Line
Mundok/Anju
70.5 Taegyo
75.7 Sinanju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Kaech'ŏn Line
Anju
Chongchon River
Pakchon
Ch'ŏngch'ŏn'gang
Ryonghŭng Branch
81.7 Maengjung-ri
Pakch'ŏn Line
Pakchon
Tearyong River
Unjon
89.1 Unjŏn
102.1 Unam
Unjon/Chongju
110.6 Koŭp
123.4 Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
P'yŏngbuk Line
128.1 Hadan
Chongju/Kwaksan
136.0 Kwaksan
Kwaksan/Sonchon
147.6 Roha
156.9 Sŏnch'ŏn
Sonchon/Tongnim
167.0 Ch'ŏnggang
177.8 Tongrim
Tongch'ŏn Branch
Tongnim/Yomju
191.2 Yŏmju
Paengma Line
195.5 Sujeong Closed in 1944
198.9 Naejung
201.7 Dangryeong Closed in 1944
Yomju/Ryongchon
204.7 Ryongju
Tasado Line
209.8 Ryongch'ŏn
213.1 Ibam Closed
Ryongchon/Sinuiju
216.9 Rakwŏn
Paengma Line
219.9 South Sinŭiju
Tŏkhyŏn Line
225.1 Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Kangan Line
DPRK
Yalu River, Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge
Republic of China
227.7 Dandong
Shendan Line

The P'yŏngŭi Line is an electrified main trunk line of the North Korean State Railway running from P'yŏngyang to Sinŭiju on the border with China.[1] It is the main corridor for overland traffic between North Korea and China, and is one of the country's most important rail lines. A bridge over the Yalu River connects Sinuiju to the Chinese city of Dandong and the Shendan Line to Shenyang and Chinese points beyond.

Deceased North Korean leader Kim Jong-il used to travel on the Pyongui Line for visits to China, as he did not fly.

Name[edit]

The name of the P'yŏngŭi Line combines one character from the name of each of its termini, P'yŏngyang and Sinŭiju. It forms one part of the Gyeongui Line, which connected the capital city of Seoul to Sinuiju from 1906 until the division of Korea. The character gyeong (경, ) means "capital" and refers to Seoul.

Connecting lines[edit]

At Sinŭiju trains can continue over the Yalu River Bridge into the People's Republic of China through the city of Dandong. Pyongyang has various rail links, including the P'yŏngbu Line, another segment of the former Gyeongui Line running to Kaesong. Connections have been built to rejoin the P'yŏngbu Line with the South Korean portion of the Gyeongui Line, and the first trains across the border ran in 2007; however, the border crossing has recently been closed. Pyongyang is also a terminus of the P'yŏngnam Line, running to Namp'o.

The Line[edit]

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 P'yŏngyang 평양 P'yŏngbu Line, P'yŏngnam Line
West P'yŏngyang 서평양
11.1 Sŏp'o 서포 Ryongsong Line
19.1 Kalli 간리 P'yŏngra Line
25.2 Sunan 순안
33.5 T'aegam 택암
41.1 Ŏp'a 어파
51.9 Sukch'ŏn 숙천
Nisŏ 니서
62.2 Mundŏk 문덕 Sŏhae Line
70.5 Taegyo 대교 Sŏngbŏm Branch
75.7 Sinanju Ch'ŏngnyŏn 신안주 청년 Kaech'ŏn Line
Ch'ŏngch'ŏn'gang 청천강
81.7 Maengjung-ri 맹중리 Pakch'ŏn Line, Ryonghŭng Branch
89.1 Unjŏn 운전
102.1 Unam 운암
110.6 Koŭp 고읍
123.4 Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn 정주 청년 P'yŏngbuk Line
128.1 Hadan 하단
136.0 Kwaksan 곽산
147.6 Roha 로하
156.9 Sŏnch'ŏn 선천
167.0 Ch'ŏnggang 청강
177.8 Tongrim 동림 Tongch'ŏn Branch
191.2 Yŏmju 염주 Paengma Line
198.9 Naejung 내중
204.7 Ryongju 룡주
209.8 Ryongch'ŏn 룡천 Tasado Line
Rakwŏn 락원
219.9 South Sinŭiju (Namsinŭiju) 남신의주 Paengma Line, Tŏkhyŏn Line
225.1 Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn 신의주 청년
Dandong, China China Railways Shendan Line

Ryonghŭng Branch[edit]

Electrified.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
Maengjung-ri 맹중리 P'yŏngŭi Line, Pakch'ŏn Line
Songdo 송도 Namhŭng Branch
Kubongsan 구봉산 Ch'ŏnghwaryŏk Branch
Ryonghŭng 령흥

Namhŭng Branch[edit]

Not electrified. The line leads to the important Namhung Youth Chemical Combine factory.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
Songdo 송도 Namhŭng Branch
Namhŭng 남흥

Ch'ŏnghwaryŏk Branch[edit]

Electrified.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
Kubongsan 구봉산 Ryonghŭng Branch
Ch'ŏnghwaryŏk 청화력

Tongch'ŏn Branch[edit]

Not electrified.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
Tongrim 동림 P'yŏngŭi Line
Tongch'ŏn 동천

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6

External links[edit]