Pyotr Kotlyarevsky

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Pyotr Kotlyarevsky.

Pyotr Stepanovich Kotlyarevsky (June 23, 1782 – November 2, 1852) was a Russian military hero of the early 19th century.


He was born in the village of Olkhovatka near Kharkov into a cleric's family. Kotlyarevsky was brought up in an infantry regiment quartered near Mozdok. He was promoted officer for his exploits during Count Zubov's Persian Campaign in 1796.

His leadership and boldness made him a national celebrity during the war against Persia, which lasted between 1804 and 1813. In 1810 he took hold of Meghri Citadel, withstood a siege by the Persian army and then routed them on the Araks River. In 1812, he defeated Abbas Mirza in the Battle of Aslanduz and stormed Lenkoran with as little as around 2,500 soldiers. Thereupon the Persians sued for peace, and Kotlyarevsky was promoted General of Infantry (a rank equal to that of Full General in other armies). Suffering from wounds, he had to retire from active service and spent the rest of his life in Feodosiya.

A local artist, Ivan Aivazovsky, devised Kotlyarevsky's mausoleum, while Prince Vorontsov ordered his statue to be erected in Ganja.

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