|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||377.26 g mol−1|
|Appearance||White to off-white powder|
|Solubility in DMSO||>10 mg/mL|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
Pyrabactin is a synthetic sulfonamide that mimics abscisic acid (ABA), a naturally produced stress hormone in plants that helps them cope with drought conditions by inhibiting growth. ABA can be manufactured for agricultural use; however, ABA is light-sensitive and costly to make. Pyrabactin is relatively inexpensive, easy to make, and not sensitive to light. Unlike ABA, pyrabactin activates only a few of the 14 ABA receptors in the plant needed for effective drought tolerance. Its role as an ABA mimic may make pyrabactin an important tool for protecting crops against drought and cold weather.
Pyrabactin (for pyridyl containing ABA activator) is a naphthalene sulfonamide hypocotyl cell expansion inhibitor. A combination of genetic, transcriptomic and physiological evidence demonstrated that pyrabactin activates the ABA pathway in a manner very similar to ABA. As such, pyrabactin is the first ABA agonist that is not an ABA analog and may ultimately lead to the development of a new family of synthetic plant growth regulators.