Pyramids of Meroe (Begarawiyah)

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The West Cemetery at Meroe

Near Meroe three royal cemeteries were constructed.

  • South Cemetery features nine royal pyramids. Four of the pyramids belonged to Kings and five belonged to queens. One hundred and ninety-five other tombs complete the cemetery.
  • North cemetery contains forty-one royal pyramids. Thirty belonged to kings, six to queens and five to other royals. The cemetery has three more non-royal tombs for a total of forty-four.
  • West cemetery is a non-royal site. It contains some one hundred and thirteen tombs.[1]

Southern Cemetery at Begarawiyah[edit]

The Southern Cemetery of Meroe

The southern cemetery is the burial place of the Meroitic side of the royal family from ca 720 - 300 BCE. Towards the end the cemetery became the main royal burial site for the Kings of Meroe.[2] This cemetery contains several pyramids:[1]

  • Beg.S 1 - Queen's pyramid (anonymous)
  • Beg.S 2 - Queen's pyramid (anonymous)
  • Beg.S 3 - Queen's pyramid (anonymous)
  • Beg.S 4 - King's sister, King's Mother, Kenreth = Saleran? (or Saluwa?).
  • Beg.S 5 - King Ankh-nefer-ib-re Yesruwaman (or Amanyesruwa or Yesruwa-mery-aman)
  • Beg.S 6 - King Amanislo or King Khnum-ib-re(?) Arrakkamani
  • Beg.S 9 - Queen's pyramid (anonymous)
  • Beg.S 10 - King Kalka Kaltaly
  • Beg.S 20 - Prince Weteriken (?), son of Amaniastabarqa or Siaspiqa[3]
  • Beg.S 85 - Princess Mernua, contemp. King Anlamani - Aspelta[3]
  • Beg.S 500 - Prince Kariben, son of King Siaspiqa or King Nasakhma [3]
  • Beg.S 503 - Queen Khennuwa, approximately time of Nastasen [2]

North Cemetery at Begarawiyah[edit]

The North Cemetery

After the southern cemetery was full, the burials continued in the north. This site contains the royal burials of the Kings and Queens of Meroe from ca 300 BCE to about 350 AD.[2] The northern cemetery contains many royal pyramids:[1]

  • Beg. N1 - Kandake Amanitore
  • Beg. N2 - King Amanikhabale[2]
  • Beg. N3 - Queen's Pyrmaid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N4 - King Aman-tekha
  • Beg. N5 - Prince Arik-kharer, son of Amanitore
  • Beg. N6 - Kandake Amanishakheto
  • Beg. N7 - King Arqamani (Merqetek)
  • Beg. N8 - Nahirqa(?) (Nayakhensan-mery-Isis ?).
  • Beg. N9 - King Tabriqo (Adikhalmani ?)
  • Beg. N10 - King Shorkaror or Arikhankharer
  • Beg. N11 - Queen (Nahirqa?)
  • Beg. N12 - Kandake Shanakdakhete
  • Beg. N13 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N14 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N15 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N16 - King Akhyesteme?
  • Beg. N17 - King Amanitenmemide, Nebmaatre I
  • Beg. N18 - King Amankhanewel(?), Nebmaatre II.
  • Beg. N19 - King Tarekeniwal
  • Beg. N20 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N21 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N22 - King Natakamani
  • Beg. N24 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N25 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N26 - Queen's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N27 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N28 - King Teqerideamani I
  • Beg. N29 - King Takizemani.
  • Beg. N30 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N32 - Queen's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N34 - King Artanyeszeme, Kheperkare III.
  • Beg. N35 - Maniterara(ze), Teraramani.
  • Beg. N36 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N37 - Unknown.
  • Beg. N38 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N40 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N41 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N51 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N52 - Unknown
  • Beg. N53 - King's Pyramid (unidentified)
  • Beg. N55 - Unknown.
  • Beg. N56 - Prince's Pyramid (unidentified)

Nubian Pyramids[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c G. A. Reisner, The Meroitic Kingdom of Ethiopia: A Chronological Outline, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 9, No. 1/2 (Apr., 1923), pp. 34-77
  2. ^ a b c d George A. Reisner, The Pyramids of Meroe and the Candaces of Ethiopia, Museum of Fine Arts Bulletin, Vol. 21, No. 124 (Apr., 1923), pp. 11-27
  3. ^ a b c Dows Dunham and M. F. Laming Macadam, Names and Relationships of the Royal Family of Napata, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 35 (Dec., 1949), pp. 139-149

Coordinates: 16°56′18″N 33°44′57″E / 16.93833°N 33.74917°E / 16.93833; 33.74917