Pyrantel

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Pyrantel
Pyrantel.png
Pyrantel ball-and-stick animation.gif
Identifiers
CAS number 15686-83-6 YesY
PubChem 708857
KEGG D08451 YesY
MeSH Pyrantel
ATC code P02CC01,QP52AF02
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C11H14N2S
Molar mass 206.31 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Pyrantel is an antinematodal thiophene. It is often prescribed by veterinarians to treat and prevent the occurrence of intestinal parasites in small animal pets.

Mechanism of action[edit]

Pyrantel is a nicotinic receptor agonist.[1][2] Like levamisole and the related pyrimidine morantel, it can elicit spastic muscle paralysis in parasitic worms due to prolonged activation of the excitatory nicotinic acetylcholine (nACh) receptors on body wall muscle. This has been studied in body wall muscle preparation of the parasitic nematode Ascaris.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aceves, J., Erlij, D., and Martinez-Maranon, R. (1970). The mechanism of the paralysing action of tetramisole on Ascaris somatic muscle. Br. J. Pharmacol. 38, 602–607.
  2. ^ Aubry, M.L., Cowell, P., Davey, M.J., and Shevde, S. (1970). Aspects of the pharmacology of a new anthelmintic: pyrantel. Br. J. Pharmacol. 38, 332–344.
  3. ^ Martin, R.J., Verma, S., Levandoski, M., Clark, C.L., Qian, H., Stewart, M., and Robertson, A.P. (2005). Drug resistance and neurotransmitter receptors of nematodes: recent studies on the mode of action of levamisole. Parasitology 131, S71–S84.