Sordariomycetes

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Sordariomycetes
Sordaria fimicola perithecium (heterozygote) 40X.png
Sordaria fimicola perithecium magnified 40x
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclasses & Orders

Hypocreomycetidae

Coronophorales
Hypocreales
Melanosporales
Microascales

Sordariomycetidae

Boliniales
Calosphaeriales
Chaetosphaeriales
Coniochaetales
Diaporthales
Magnaporthales
Ophiostomatales
Sordariales

Xylariomycetidae

Xylariales

Incertae sedis

Koralionastetales
Lulworthiales
Meliolales
Phyllachorales
Trichosphaeriales

The Sordariomycetes are a class of fungi in the subdivision Pezizomycotina (Ascomycota), consisting of 15 orders, 64 families, 1119 genera, and 10564 species.[1]

Sordariomycetes generally produce their asci in perithecial fruiting bodies.

Sordariomycetes are also known as Pyrenomycetes, from the Greek πυρἠν - 'the stone of a fruit' - because of the usually somewhat tough texture of their tissue.[2]

Sordariomycetes possesses great variability in morphology, growth form and habitat. Except having perithecial (flask-shaped) fruiting bodies, ascomata can be less frequently cleistothecial (like in the genera Anixiella, Apodus, Boothiella, Thielavia, Zopfiella),[3][4] fruiting bodies may be solitary or gregarious, superficial or immersed within stromata or tissues of the substrates and can be light to bright or black. Members of this group can grow in soil, dung, leaf litter, and decaying wood as decomposers, as well as being fungal parasites, and insect, human and plant pathogens.[5][6][7]

Genera incertae sedis[edit]

The following 108 genera within the Sordariomycetes have an uncertain taxonomic placement (incertae sedis), according to the 2007 Outline of Ascomycota. A question mark preceding the genus name means that the placement of that genus within this order is uncertain.[8]

AbyssomycesAcerbiellaAcrospermoidesAmeromassariaAmphisphaerellulaAmphisphaerinaAmphorulopsisAmylisAnthostomariaAnthostomellinaAphariaApodothinaApogaeumannomycesAquadulciosporaAquamarinaAropsiclusAscorhizaAscoyunnaniaAssoaAulosporaAzbukiniaBactrosphaeriaBarrinaBiporisporaBombardiastrumBrenesiellaByrsomycesByssotheciellaCaleutypaCalosphaeriopsisCaproniellaChaetoamphisphaeriaCiliofusosporaClypeoceriosporaClypeosphaerulinaCryptoascusCryptomycinaCryptovalsaCucurbitopsisCurvatisporaDasysphaeriaDelpinoëllaDiacrochordonDontuziaDryosphaeraEndoxylinaEsfandiariomycesFrondisphaeraGlabrothecaHeliastrumHyalodermaHydronectriaHypotrachynicolaImmersisphaeriaIraniellaKhuskiaKoneniaKravtzeviaKurssanoviaLecythiumLeptosaccaLeptosphaerellaLeptosporinaLyonellaMangrovisporaMelomastiaMicrocyclephaeriaMirannulataMonosporascusMyrmecridium?Naumovela?NeocryptosporaNeolamyaNeothyridariaOceanitisOphiomassariaOrnatisporaPareutypellaPhomatosporaPhyllocelisPlectosphaerellaPleocryptosporaPleosphaeriaPontogeneiaPorodiscusProtocucurbitariaPulvinariaPumilusRehmiomycellaRhamphosphaeriaRhizophilaRimaconusRhopographellaRhynchosphaeriaRivulicolaRomellinaSaccardoëllaSarcopyreniaSartoryaScharifiaScoliocarponScotiosphaeriaServaziellaSporoctomorphaStearophoraStegophorellaStellosetiferaStomatogenellaStrickeriaSungaiicolaSynsphaeriaTamsiniellaThelidiellaThyridellaThyrothecaTrichospermellaTrichosphaeropsisVleugeliaZignoina

Familia incertae sedis[edit]

These are families in the Sordariomycetes whose taxonomic affinities are not sufficiently well known to be placed in any order.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi. 10th ed. Wallingford: CABI. p. 644. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. 
  2. ^ Century Dictionary entry for pyrenomycetes
  3. ^ Lundqvist N. 1972. Nordic Sordariaceae s. lat. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 20: 1-374.
  4. ^ von Arx J.A. (1975). On Thielavia and some similar genera of ascomycetes. Studies in Mycology 8: 1-31.
  5. ^ Spatafora JW. (1995). Ascomal evolution of filamentous ascomycetes: evidence from molecular. Canadian Journal of Botany S73: 811-815.
  6. ^ Neuveglise C, Brygoo Y, Vercambre B, Riba G. (1994). Comparative-analysis of molecular and biological characteristics of strains of Beauveria brongniartii isolated from insects. Mycological Research 98: 322-328.
  7. ^ Berbee ML, Taylor JW. (1992). Two ascomycete classes based on fruiting-body characters and ribosomal DNA sequence. Molecular Biology of Evolution 9: 278-284.
  8. ^ Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM. (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota – 2007". Myconet (The Field Museum, Department of Botany, Chicago, USA) 13: 1–58. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Barr M. E. 1987. Prodromus to Class Loculoascomycetes. Newell, Amherst, Mass.
  • Barr M. E. 1990. Prodromus to nonlichenized, pyrenomycetous members of Class Hymenoascomycetes. Mycotaxon 39: 43-184.
  • Castlebury, L. A., Rossman, A. Y., Jaklitsch, W. J., Vasilyeva, L. N. 2002. A preliminary overview of the Diaporthales based on large subunit nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Mycologia 94: 1017-1031.
  • Lumbsch H. T. 2000. Phylogeny of filamentous ascomycetes. Naturwissenchaften 87: 335-342.
  • Luttrell E. S. 1951. Taxonomy of the Pyrenomycetes. University Missouri Stud. Sci. Ser. 24: 1-120.
  • Lutzoni F., Kauff F., Cox C. J., McLaughlin D., Celio G., Dentinger B., Padamsee M., Hibbett D., James T. Y., Baloch E., Grube M., Reeb V., Hofstetter V., Schoch C., Arnold A. E., Miadlikowska J., Spatafora J., Johnson D., Hambleton S., Crockett M., Shoemaker R., Sung G.-H., Lücking R., Lumbsch T., O'Donnell K., Binder M., Diederich P., Ertz D., Gueidan C., Hall B., Hansen K., Harris R. C., Hosaka K., Lim Y.-W., Liu Y., Matheny B., Nishida H., Pfister D., Rogers J., Rossman A., Schmitt I., Sipman H., Stone J., Sugiyama J., Yahr R. and Vilgalys R. 2004. Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits. Am. J. Bot. 91: 1446-1480.
  • Spatafora J. W. and Blackwell M. 1993. Molecular systematics of unitunicate perithecial ascomycetes: the Clavicipitales-Hypocreales connection. Mycologia 85: 912-922.

External links[edit]