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Pyrolysis oil sometimes also known as biocrude or biooil, is a synthetic fuel under investigation as substitute for petroleum. It is extracted by biomass to liquid technology of destructive distillation from dried biomass in a reactor at temperature of about 500°C with subsequent cooling. Pyrolytic oil (or bio-oil) is a kind of tar and normally contains too high levels of oxygen to be a hydrocarbon. As such it is distinctly different from similar petroleum products.
There have been few standards efforts so far for pyrolysis oil, one of the few is from ASTM.
Pyrolysis oil is the end product of waste plastic and tyre pyrolysis. Pyrolysis oil is widely used as industrial fuel to substitute furnace oil or industrial diesel. Typical industrial applications of pyrolysis oil as a fuel:
- Hot Water Generators
- Hot Air Generators
- Thermic Fluid Heater
- Electric Generators (mixed with 50% diesel)
- Diesel Pumps(mixed with 50% diesel)