Pytalovsky District

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Pytalovsky District
Пыталовский район (Russian)
Location of Pytalovsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Pytalovsky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°04′N 27°54′E / 57.067°N 27.900°E / 57.067; 27.900Coordinates: 57°04′N 27°54′E / 57.067°N 27.900°E / 57.067; 27.900
Flag of Pytalovsky rayon (Pskov oblast).svg
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2011)
Administrative center town of Pytalovo[2]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 327
Municipal structure (as of April 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Pytalovsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 7
Statistics
Area 1,111 km2 (429 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 12,083 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 48.2%
- Rural 51.8%
Density 10.88/km2 (28.2/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Official website
Pytalovsky District on WikiCommons

Pytalovsky District (Russian: Пыта́ловский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast and borders with Palkinsky District in the north, Ostrovsky District in the east, Krasnogorodsky District in the south, and with Kārsava, Baltinava, and Viļaka municipalities of Latvia in the west. The area of the district is 1,111 square kilometers (429 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Pytalovo.[2] Population: 12,083 (2010 Census);[4] 14,853 (2002 Census);[7] 16,167 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Pytalovo accounts for 48.2% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The district is elongated in the meridional direction and lies in the basin of the Velikaya River and thus of the Narva River. Two of the main left tributaries of the Velikaya flow through the district, originating in Latvia. The Kukhva River crosses the northern part of the district and a stretch of it makes up a state border between Latvia and Russia. The Utroya River crosses the district from north to south, and the town of Pytalovo is located on the banks of the river. A major right tributary of the Utroya, the Lzha River, forms the border with Krasnogorodsky District.

History[edit]

Pytalovo (the alternative name of which was Novo-Dmitrovskoye) was known as a village in Ostrovsky Uyezd of Pskov Governorate since the end of the 18th century. [9] The Treaty of Riga, signed on August 11, 1920, assigned Pytalovo and its surrounding territory, the Abrene District, to Latvia. From 1925, Pytalovo was known as Jaunlatgale. In 1933, it was granted town status, and in 1938 renamed Abrene. In 1940, Latvia became a part of the Soviet Union, and the eastern part of Abrene District became a part of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic.[10] Between August 1941 and August 1944, the area was occupied by German troops. On January 16, 1945, the area was transferred from the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic to Pskov Oblast, Abrene was renamed Pytalovo and Pytalovsky District with the administrative center in Pytalovo was created. In 1959, the district was abolished and split between Ostrovsky and Krasnogorodsky Districts; in 1965, it was re-established.[11] After Latvia regained independence in 1991, it laid territorial claims on Pytalovsky District. In 2007, the treaty between Latvia and Russia recognized the existing border.[12]

Restricted access[edit]

The part of the district along the state border is included into a border security zone, intended to protect the borders of Russia from unwanted activity. In order to visit the zone, a permit issued by the local Federal Security Service department is required.[13]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

As of 2003, only two industrial enterprises survived in the district—a textile factory and a printing house. A milk factory and a flax production factory, previously the biggest enterprises in the district, were defunct.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

The main specializations of agriculture in the district are meat, milk, and eggs production.[15] Agriculture in the district experiences a deep crisis, with salaries below the poverty line and the production on a sharp decline.[14]

Transportation[edit]

A railway from St. Petersburg via Pskov to Rēzekne in Latvia and further to Vilnius crosses the district from northwest to southeast. The main station within the district is Pytalovo. In Pytalovo, another railroad to Gulbene and Riga branches off west. As of 2012, there was passenger traffic on the railway.

The European route E262, from Ostrov to Kaunas via Rēzekne and Daugavpils crosses the district from northwest to southeast. Pytalovo is not on the road but is easily accessible from it. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains three cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally twenty-six objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[16] The federally protected monuments are the churches in the villages of Korovsk and Pustoye Voskresenye, as well as an archeological site.

Pytalovo hosts an ethnographic museum focusing on Russian and Latgalian culture.[17]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Поспелов, Е. М (2001). Географические названия мира: Топонимический словарь (in Russian). АСТ. 
  10. ^ Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 371. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  11. ^ Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  12. ^ "Latvian-Russian treaty puts legal stamp on EU external border". Monsters and Critics. Retrieved July 16, 2012. 
  13. ^ Приказ ФСБ РФ от 2 июня 2006 года №242 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Псковской области"; Приказ ФСБ России от 21 апреля 2007 г. №201 "О внесении изменения в приказ ФСБ России 2 июня 2006 года №242 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Псковской области". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian) 2006. 
  14. ^ a b Никоноров, Николай (November 13, 2003). Не потопаешь - не полопаешь. Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian) 2003 (29). 
  15. ^ Экономика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  16. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 15, 2011. 
  17. ^ Пыталовский музей Дружбы Народов (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).