Python Imaging Library
|Original author(s)||Fredrik Lundh|
|Developer(s)||Secret Labs AB|
|Stable release||1.1.7 / November 15, 2009|
|Preview release||1.2a0 / 2011|
|Written in||Python, C|
|Type||Library for image processing|
|License||Python Imaging Library license|
Python Imaging Library (abbreviated as PIL) is an free library for the Python programming language that adds support for opening, manipulating, and saving many different image file formats. It is available for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. The latest version of PIL is 1.1.7, was released in September 2009 and supports Python 1.5.2–2.7, with Python 3 support to be released "later".
Development appears to be discontinued with the last commit to the PIL repository coming in 2011. Consequently, a successor project called Pillow has forked the PIL repository and added Python 3.x support. This fork has been adopted as a replacement for the original PIL in Linux distributions including Debian and Ubuntu (since 13.04).
PIL offers several standard procedures for image manipulation. These include:
- per-pixel manipulations,
- masking and transparency handling,
- image filtering, such as blurring, contouring, smoothing, or edge finding,
- image enhancing, such as sharpening, adjusting brightness, contrast or color,
- adding text to images and much more.
This example loads an image from the hard drive and blurs it.
from PIL import Image, ImageFilter original = Image.open("lena.ppm") # load an image from the hard drive blurred = original.filter(ImageFilter.BLUR) # blur the image original.show() # display both images blurred.show()
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