Pyuntaza

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Pyuntaza
ပြွန်တံဆာမြို့
Town
Pyuntaza is located in Burma
Pyuntaza
Pyuntaza
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 17°52′N 96°44′E / 17.867°N 96.733°E / 17.867; 96.733Coordinates: 17°52′N 96°44′E / 17.867°N 96.733°E / 17.867; 96.733
Country  Burma
Region Bago Region
District Bago District
Township Nyaunglebin Township
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Pyuntaza (Burmese: ပြွန်တံဆာမြို့; MLCTS: pywan ti cha mrui., Chinese: 彬達扎; pinyin: Bīndázā; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pin-tah-chah[1]) is a small town located in Nyaunglebin Township, Bago Region, Myanmar. It is about 322 kilometres (200 mi) from Bago (formerly Pegu). The dominant ethnic group is Bamar, although there is a substantial number of Hokkien-speaking Chinese. The town's main economy consists of rice cultivation and distribution.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1891 23,132 —    
1901 52,952 +128.9%
[2]

In the colonial era, Pyuntaza was administered as a township of Pegu District in Lower Burma, covering an area of 1,443 square miles (3,740 km2) and consisting of 232 villages.[2] The township's population in 1901 was 52,952 persons, having more than doubled since 1891 (23,132).[2] The western flank of the former Pyuntaza Township is hilly, while the eastern half is a flat rice-producing area.[2]

From 1920 to 1931, with the emergence of a national railway system extending north-south, Pyuntaza emerged as a railway center town, along with neighbouring Daik-U.[3] By rail, Pyuntaza was 88 miles (142 km) from Rangoon (now Yangon).[4]

During World War II, prominent Burmese barrister U Chan Htoon retreated to Pyuntaza as his place of retirement.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "彬达扎 (彬達扎)". Comprehensive Chinese-English Dictionary. NCIKU. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Henry Frowde, ed. (1908). The Imperial Gazetteer of India: Pushkar to Salween XXI. London: Oxford Clarendon Press. pp. 12–13. 
  3. ^ "A Preliminary Review on the Urbanization of Bago (Pegu) Division of Myanmar (Burma)". Research on Urbanization in Burma/Myanmar. 25 September 20. Retrieved 28 August 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ Office of the Chief Secretary to the Chief Commissioner, ed. (1893). Notes and Statistics in Four Parts. Rangoon: Government of Burma. p. 273. 
  5. ^ Maung Maung (2008). Robert H. Taylor, ed. Dr. Maung Maung: Gentleman, Scholar, Patriot. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 114. ISBN 9789812304094.