|Time zone||AZT (UTC+4)|
|• Summer (DST)||AZT (UTC+5)|
The village is located across the Qudiyalçay River (or Kudyal River) from the larger town of Quba, Azerbaijan. It is the primary settlement of Azerbaijan's population of Mountain Jews, who make up the population of approximately 4,000. It is quite possibly the only completely Jewish town outside of Israel. The most widely spoken language in Qırmızı Qəsəbə is Juhuri.
While the Highland Jews had been in the area around Quba since at least the 13th century, the formal creation of Krasnaya Sloboda is traced back to the 18th century, when in 1742 the khan of Quba, Feteli Khan, gave the Jews permission to set up a community free of persecution across the river from the city of Quba. Originally referred to as Yevreiskaya Sloboda (Jewish Settlement), the name was changed to Krasnaya Sloboda (Red Settlement) under Soviet rule.
The town has had an influx of financial support from relatives living in Israel and features the new Bet Knesset Synagogue. However, after Azerbaijan's independence in 1991, many residents emigrated to Israel, the United States, and Europe, and the population dropped from the roughly 18,000 that lived there during the era of Communism.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Qırmızı Qəsəbə.|
- Qırmızı Qəsəbə at GEOnet Names Server
- Inga Saffron, "The Mountain Jews of Guba", The Philadelphia Inquirer. July 21, 1997, page 1. Accessed on May 1, 2006
- Tom Parfitt, "Life drains away from lost tribe of Mountain Jews[dead link]", The Daily Telegraph, April 27, 2003, Accessed on May 1, 2006
- Amiram Barkat, "The village people[dead link]", Haaretz September 29, 2006, Accessed on September 30, 2006